The Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research aims to identify critical gaps within community and healthcare services, with an explicit goal to improve health outcomes (and a focus on vulnerable groups) via innovative individual, community and health service-focused programs.

Collaborating on projects nationally and internationally, The MacKillop invests in people and communities across Australia and beyond its borders.

Through research that responds to real needs, researchers are working to improve the well-being of people locally and globally so that they can lead full, healthy lives.

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Submissions from 2015

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The muscle protein synthetic response to food ingestion, Stefan H. M. Gorissen, Didier Rémond, and Luc J.C. Van Loon

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Circulating kidney injury molecule-1 levels in acute heart failure. Insights from the ASCEND-HF Trial (Acute Study of Clinical Effectiveness of Nesiritide in Decompensated Heart Failure), Justin L. Grodin, Antonio L. Perez, Yuping Wu, Adrian F. Hernandez, Javed Butler, Marco Metra, G. Michael Felker, Adriaan A. Voors, John McMurray, P. W. Armstrong, Robert M. Califf, Randall C. Starling, Christopher M. O'Connor, and W. H. Wilson Tang

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Post-prandial protein handling: You are what you just ate, Bart B. L. Groen, Astrid M. H. Horstman, Henrike M. Hamer, Michiel De Haan, Janneau Van Kranenburg, Jörgen Bierau, Martijn Poeze, Will K. W. H. Wodzig, Blake B. Rasmussen, and Luc van Loon

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Body composition of female road and track endurance cyclists: Normative values and typical changes, E. C. Haakonssen, Martin Barras, Louise Mary Burke, David G. Jenkins, and David Martin

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Excessive sitting at work and at home: Correlates of occupational sitting and TV viewing time in working adults, Nyssa Hadgraft, Brigid M. Lynch, Bronwyn K. Clark, Genevieve N. Healy, Neville Owen, and David Wayne Dunstan

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Site selection for heart failure clinical trials in the USA, Matthew E. Harinstein, Javed Butler, Stephen J. Greene, Gregg C. Fonarow, Norman L. Stockbridge, Christopher M. O'Connor, Marc A. Pfeffer, Mandeep R. Mehra, Scott D. Solomon, Clyde W. Yancy, Mona Fiuzat, Robert J. Mentz, Sean P. Collins, John J. V. McMurray, Muthiah Vaduganathan, Preston M. Dunnmon, Giuseppe M. C. Rosano, Wilfried Dinh, Frank Misselwitz, Robert O. Bonow, and Mihai Gheorghiade

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Telomere length and outcomes in ischaemic heart failure: Data from the COntrolled ROsuvastatin multiNAtional Trial in Heart Failure (CORONA), Vincent G. Haver, Irene Mateo Leach, John Kjekshus, Jayne C. Fox, Hans Wedel, John Wikstrand, Rudolf A. de Boer, Wiek H. van Gilst, John J. V. McMurray, Dirk J. van Veldhuisen, and Pim van der Harst

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Carbohydrate dependence during prolonged, intense endurance exercise, John Hawley and Jill Leckey

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Comparison of cardiac troponins i and T measured with high-sensitivity methods for evaluation of prognosis in atrial fibrillation: An ARISTOTLE substudy, Ziyad M. Hijazi, Agneta Siegbahn, Ulrika Andersson, Bertil Lindahl, Christopher B. Granger, John H. Alexander, Dan Atar, Bernard J. Gersh, Michael Hanna, Veli-Pekka Harjola, John Horowitz, Steen Husted, Elaine Hylek, Renato D. Lopes, John McMurray, and Lars Wallentin

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The association between cognitive function and self-care in patients with chronic heart failure, Carina M. Hjelm, Anders Brostrom, Barbara Riegel, Kristofer Arestedt, and Anna Stromberg

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Patient-nurse communication about prognosis and end-of-life care, Lisa Hjelmfors, Martje H.L. van der Wal, Maria J. Friedrichsen, Jan Martensson, Anna Stromberg, and Tiny Jaarsma

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Global phosphoproteomic analysis of human skeletal muscle reveals a network of exercise-regulated kinases and AMPK substrates, Nolan John Hoffman, Benjamin L. Parker, Rima Chaudhuri, Kelsey H. Fisher-Wellman, Maximilian Kleinert, Sean J. Humphrey, Pengyi Yang, Mira Holliday, Sophie Trefely, Daniel J. Fazakerley, Jacqueline Stöckli, James G. Burchfield, Thomas E. Jensen, Raja Jothi, Bente Kiens, Jørgen F. P. Wojtaszewski, Erik A. Richter, and David E. James

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Longitudinal and secular trends in blood pressure among women and men in birth cohorts born between 1905 and 1977: The Tromso Study 1979 to 2008, Laila Arnesdatter Hopstock, Kaare Harald Bonaa, Anne Elise Eggen, Sameline Grimsgaard, Bjarne K. Jacobsen, Maja-Lisa Loechen, E. B. Mathiesen, I. Njolstad, and Tom Wilsgaard

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Prolonged adaptation to a low or high protein diet does not modulate basal muscle protein synthesis rates - A substudy, Rick Hursel, Eveline A. P. Martens, Hanne K. J. Gonnissen, Henrike M. Hamer, Joan M. Senden, Luc Van Loon, and Margriet S. Westerterp-Plantenga

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Knowledge expectations, self-care, and health complaints of heart failure patients scheduled for cardiac resynchronization therapy implantation, Brynja Ingadottir, Ingela Thylen, and Tiny Jaarsma

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Increasing exercise capacity and quality of life of patients with heart failure through Wii gaming: The rationale, design and methodology of the HF-Wii study; A multicentre randomized controlled trial, Tiny Jaarsma, Leonie Verheijden Klompstra, Tuvia Ben Gal, Josiane Boyne, Ercole Vellone, Maria Back, Kenneth Dickstein, Bengt Fridlund, Arno W. Hoes, Massimo F. Piepoli, Oronzo Chiala, Jan Martensson, and Anna Stromberg

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Differing prognostic value of pulse pressure in patients with heart failure with reduced or preserved ejection fraction: Results from the MAGGIC individual patient meta-analysis, Colette E. Jackson, Davide Castagno, Aldo Pietro Maggioni, Lars Køber, Iain B. Squire, Karl Swedberg, Bert Andersson, A. Mark Richards, Antoni Bayes-Genis, Christophe Tribouilloy, Joanna Dobson, Cono A. Ariti, Katrina K. Poppe, Nikki Earle, Gillian A. Whalley, Stuart J. Pocock, Rob N. Doughty, and John J. V. McMurray

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Combined free light chains are novel predictors of prognosis in heart failure, Colette E. Jackson, Caroline Haig, Paul Welsh, Jonathan R. Dalzell, Ioannis K. Tsorlalis, Alex McConnachie, David Preiss, Iain B. McInnes, Naveed Sattar, Mark C. Petrie, Roy S. Gardner, and John McMurray

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Effects of acute exercise on lipid content and dietary lipid uptake in liver and skeletal muscle of lean and diabetic rats, Sharon Janssens, Richard A. M. Jonkers, Albert K. Groen, Klaas Nicolay, Luc J. C. Van Loon, and Jeanine J. Prompers

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Changes in N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide levels and outcomes in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction: An analysis of the I-Preserve study, Pardeep S. Jhund, Inder S. Anand, Michel Komajda, Brian L. Claggett, Robert S. McKelvie, Michael R. Zile, Peter E. Carson, and John J. V. McMurray

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Efficacy and safety of LCZ696 (sacubitril-valsartan) according to age: Insights from PARADIGM-HF, Pardeep S. Jhund, Michael Fu, Edmundo Bayram, Chen-Huan Chen, Marta Negrusz-Kawecka, Arvo Rosenthal, Akshay S. Desai, Martin P. Lefkowitz, Adel R. Rizkala, Jean L. Rouleau, Victor C. Shi, Scott D. Solomon, Karl Swedberg, Michael R. Zile, John J. V. McMurray, and Milton Packer

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Mortality following a cardiovascular or renal event in patients with type 2 diabetes in the ALTITUDE trial, Pardeep S. Jhund, John J. V. McMurray, Nish Chaturvedi, Patrick Brunel, Akshay S. Desai, Peter V. Finn, Steven M. Haffner, Scott D. Solomon, Larry A. Weinrauch, Brian L. Claggett, and Marc A. Pfeffer

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The course of sleep problems in patients with heart failure and associations to rehospitalizations, Peter Johansson, Anders Brostrom, Robbert Sanderman, and Trijntje Jaarsma

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Sleep disordered breathing, hypoxia and inflammation : Associations with sickness behaviour in community dwelling elderly with and without cardiovascular disease, Peter Johansson, Erland Svensson, Urban Alehagen, Ulf Dahlstrom, Trijntje Jaarsma, and Anders Brostrom

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The contribution of hypoxia to the association between sleep apnoea, insomnia, and cardiovascular mortality in community-dwelling elderly with and without cardiovascular disease, Peter Johansson, Erland Svensson, Urban Alehagen, Trijntje Jaarsma, and Anders Brostrom

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Can elite athletes benefit from dietary nitrate supplementation?, Kristin L. Jonvik, Jean Nyakayiru, Luc Van Loon, and Lex B. Verdijk

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The DBP phenotype Gc-1f/Gc-1f is associated with reduced risk of cancer. The Tromsø Study, Rolf Jorde, Henrik Schirmer, Tom Wilsgaard, Ellisiv Bøgeberg Mathiesen, Inger Njølstad, Maja-Lisa Loechen, Ragnar Martin Joakimsen, and Guri Grimnes

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Characterization of subgroups of heart failure patients with preserved ejection fraction with possible implications for prognosis and treatment response, David P. Kao, James D. Lewsey, Inder S. Anand, Barry M. Massie, Michael R. Zile, Peter E. Carson, Robert S. McKelvie, Michel Komajda, John J. V. McMurray, and JoAnn Lindenfeld

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Heart failure telemonitoring in Japan and Sweden: A cross-sectional survey, Naoko P. Kato, Peter Johansson, Ikuko Okada, Arjen E. de Vries, Koichiro Kinugawa, Anna Stromberg, and Tiny Jaarsma

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Quality of life and influential factors in patients implanted with a left ventricular assist device, Naoko P. Kato, Ikuko Okada, Teruhiko Imamura, Yukie Kagami, Miyoko Endo, Daisuke Nitta, Takeo Fujino, Hironori Muraoka, Shun Minatsuki, Hisataka Maki, Toshiro Inaba, Osamu Kinoshita, Kan Nawata, Masaru Hatano, Atsushi Yao, Shunei Kyo, Minoru Ono, Tiny Jaarsma, and Koichiro Kinugawa

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Venous thromboembolism and cardiovascular risk: Results from the NAVIGATOR trial, Marcelo Katz, Robert M. Califf, Jie-Lena Sun, John J.V. McMurray, Laine Thomas, and Renato D. Lopes

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A comparison of standard and novel bronchoscopic endobronchial biopsy retrieval methods, Kashifali A. Khan, Ciara Ryan, Louise Mary Burke, Michael T. Henry, Des M. Murphy, Barry J. Plant, Terry Markham O'Connor, David R. Curran, and Marcus Peter Kennedy

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Predictors of clinical outcomes in acute decompensated heart failure: Acute Study of Clinical Effectiveness of Nesiritide in Decompensated Heart Failure outcome models, Prateeti Khazanie, Gretchen M. Heizer, Vic Hasselblad, P. W. Armstrong, Robert M. Califf, Justin Ezekowitz, Kenneth Dickstein, Wayne C. Levy, John J.V. McMurray, Marco Metra, W. H. Wilson Tang, John R. Teerlink, Adriaan A. Voors, Christopher M. O'Connor, Adrian F. Hernandez, and Randall C. Starling

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Physical activity in patients with heart failure: Barriers and motivations with special focus on sex differences, Leonie Verheijden Klompstra, Tiny Jaarsma, and Anna Stromberg

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Postprandial protein handling is not impaired in type 2 diabetes patients when compared with normoglycemic controls, Imre W. K. Kouw, Stefan H. M. Gorissen, Nicholas A. Burd, Naomi M. Cermak, Annemie P. Gijsen, Janneau van Kranenburg, and Luc J. C. van Loon

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Impact of the macronutrient composition of a nutritional supplement on muscle protein synthesis rates in older men: A randomized, double blind, controlled trial, Irene Fleur Kramer, Lex B. Verdijk, Henrike M. Hamer, Sjors Verlaan, Yvette C. Luiking, Imre W. K. Kouw, Joan M. Senden, Janneau van Kranenburg, Annemie P. Gijsen, Martijn Poeze, and Luc J. C. van Loon

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Relative importance of history of heart failure hospitalization and n-terminal pro-b-type natriuretic peptide level as predictors of outcomes in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction, Søren L. Kristensen, Pardeep Jhund, Lars Kober, Robert McKelvie, Michael R. Zile, Inder S. Anand, Michel Komajda, John G. F. Cleland, Peter E. Carson, and John McMurray

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Comparison of outcomes after hospitalization for worsening heart failure, myocardial infarction, and stroke in patients with heart failure and reduced and preserved ejection fraction, Søren L. Kristensen, Pardeep S. Jhund, Lars Kober, David Preiss, John Kjekshus, Robert S. McKelvie, Michael R. Zile, Inder S. Anand, John Wikstrand, Hans Wedel, Michel Komajda, Peter E. Carson, John G. F. Cleland, and John J. V. McMurray

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International geographic variation in event rates in trials of heart failure with preserved and reduced ejection fraction, Søren L. Kristensen, Lars Kober, Pardeep Jhund, Scott Solomon, John Kjekshus, Robert McKelvie, Michael R. Zile, Christopher B. Granger, John Wikstrand, Michel Komajda, Peter E. Carson, Marc A. Pfeffer, Karl Swedberg, Hans Wedel, Salim Yusuf, and John McMurray

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The Aliskiren Trial to Minimize OutcomeS in Patients with HEart failure trial (ATMOSPHERE): Revised statistical analysis plan and baseline characteristics, Henry Krum, John J. V. McMurray, William T. Abraham, Kenneth Dickstein, Lars Køber, Akshay S. Desai, Scott D. Solomon, Yanntong Chiang, Claudio Gimpelewicz, Bernard Reimund, M. Atif Ali, Georgia Tarnesby, and Barry M. Massie

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Gender difference in treatment and mortality of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction admitted to Victorian public hospitals : A retrospective database study, Lisa Kuhn, Karen Page, Muhammad Rahman, and Linda Worrall-Carter

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Skeletal muscle AMPK is essential for the maintenance of FNDC5 expression, James S. V. Lally, Rebecca J. Ford, Jasper Johar, Justin D. Crane, Bruce Ernest Kemp, and Gregory R. Steinberg

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Sex differences in clinical characteristics and outcomes after myocardial infarction: Insights from the Valsartan in Acute Myocardial Infarction Trial (VALIANT), Carolyn S. P. Lam, Margaret McEntegart, Brian L. Claggett, Jiankang Liu, Hicham Skali, Eldrin F. Lewis, Lars Kober, Jean L. Rouleau, Eric J. Velazquez, Rob M. Califf, John J. V. McMurray, Marc A. Pfeffer, and Scott D. Solomon

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Cardiac tachyarrhythmias and patient values and preferences for their management: The European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) consensus document endorsed by the Heart Rhythm Society (HRS), Deirdre A. Lane, Luis Aguinaga, Carina Blomstrom-Lundqvist, Giuseppe Boriani, Gheorge-Andrei Dan, Mellanie Hills, Elaine Hylek, Stephen A. LaHaye, Gregory Y. H. Lip, Trudie Lobban, John Mandrola, Pamela J. McCabe, Susanne S. Pedersen, Ron Pisters, Simon Stewart, Kathryn Wood, Tatjana S. Potpara, Bulent Gorenek, Jamie Beth Conti, Roberto Keegan, Suzannah Power, Jeroen Hendriks, Philippe Ritter, Hugh Calkins, Francesco Violi, and Jodie Hurwitz

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Choreography of AMPK activation, Christopher G. Langerdorf and Bruce Ernest Kemp

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Profiles of self-care management versus consulting behaviors in adults with heart failure, C Lee, Jill M. Gelow, James O. Mudd, Jennifer K. Green, Shirin O. Hiatt, Christopher Chien, and Barbara Riegel

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Trajectories of heart failure self-care management and changes in quality of life, Christopher S. Lee, James O. Mudd, Shirin O. Hiatt, Jill M. Gelow, Christopher Chien, and Barbara Riegel

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Patterns and predictors of patient and caregiver engagement in heart failure care: A multi-level dyadic study, Christopher S. Lee, Ercole Vellone, Karen S. Lyons, Antonello Cocchieri, Julie T. Bidwell, Fabio D'Agostino, Shirin O. Hiatt, Rosaria Alvaro, Harleah G. Buck, and Barbara Riegel

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Race and ethnicity influences on cardiovascular and renal events in patients with diabetes mellitus, Eldrin F. Lewis, Brian L. Claggett, Patrick S. Parfrey, Emmanuel A. Burdmann, John J.V McMurray, Scott D. Solomon, Andrew S. Levey, Peter Ivanovich, Kai-Uwe Eckardt, Reshma Kewalramani, Robert Toto, and Marc A. Pfeffer

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Temporal trends and risk factors for readmission for infections, gastrointestinal and immobility complications after an incident hospitalisation for stroke in Scotland between 1997 and 2005, James Lewsey, Osaretin Ebueku, Pardeep S. Jhund, Michelle Gillies, Jim WT Chalmers, Adam Redpath, Andrew Briggs, Matthew Walters, Peter Langhorne, Simon Capewell, John JV McMurray, and Kate MacIntyre

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Short-term amino acid infusion improves protein balance in critically ill patients, Felix Liebau, Martin Sundström, Luc J. C. van Loon, Jan Wernerman, and Olav Rooyackers

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Effect of initiating enteral protein feeding on whole-body protein turnover in critically ill patients, Felix Liebau, Jan Wernerman, Luc J.C. Van Loon, and Olav Rooyackers

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Long term follow-up after a randomized integrated educational and psychosocial intervention in patient-partner dyads affected by heart failure, Maria Liljeroos, Susanna Agren, Tiny Jaarsma, Kristofer Arestedt, and Anna Stromberg

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Suppression of neutrophil superoxide generation by BNP is attenuated in acute heart failure : A case for 'BNP resistance', Saifei Liu, Doan Ngo, Cher-Rin Chong, Anjalee Amarasekera, Nathan Procter, Giovanni Licari, Rustem Dautov, Simon Stewart, Yuliy Chirkov, and John Horowitz

Kvinnehjerter: En medisinsk fagbok om vanlige hjertesykdommer, Maja-Lisa Løchen and Eva Gerdts

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Internet-based cognitive behavior therapy for patients with heart failure and depressive symptoms: A proof of concept study, Johan Lundgren, Gerhard Andersson, Orjan Dahlstrom, Tiny Jaarsma, Anita Karner Kohler, and Peter Johansson

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Jejunal casein feeding is followed by more rapid protein digestion and amino acid absorption when compared with gastric feeding in healthy young men, Joanna Luttikhold, Klaske van Norren, Nikki Buijs, Marjolein Ankersmit, Annemieke C. Heijboer, Jeannette Gootjes, Herman Rijna, Paul A. M. van Leeuwen, and Luc J.C van Loon

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Does diagnosis make a difference? Comparing hospice care satisfaction in matched cohorts of heart failure and cancer caregivers, Meredith A. Mackenzie, Salimah H. Meghani, Harleah G. Buck, and Barbara Riegel

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Addressing the nonexercise part of the activity continuum: A more realistic and achievable approach to activity programming for adults with mobility disability?, Emma Manns, Geetha Ranmuthugala, Srinivas Kondalsamy-Chennakes, Maree Toombs, Geoff Nicholson, and Steve Kisely

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The AMPK activator R419 improves exercise capacity and skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity in obese mice, Katarina Marcinko, Adam L. Bujak, James S. V. Lally, Rebecca J. Ford, Tammy H. Wong, Brennan K. Smith, Bruce Ernest Kemp, Yonchu Jenkins, Wei Li, Todd M. Kinsella, Yasumichi Hitoshi, and Gregory R. Steinberg

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High intensity interval training improves liver and adipose tissue insulin sensitivity, Katarina Marcinko, Sarah R. Sikkema, M. Constantine Samaan, Bruce Ernest Kemp, Morgan D. Fullerton, and Gregory R. Steinberg

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Cost-effectiveness of home versus clinic-based management of chronic heart failure: Extended follow-up of pragmatic, multicentre randomized trial cohort - The WHICH? Study, Shoko Maru, Joshua Byrnes, Melinda J. Carrington, Yih-Kai Chan, David R. Thompson, Simon Stewart, and Paul A. Scuffham

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Identifying biomarker patterns and predictors of inflammation and myocardial stress, Ruth M. Masterson Creber, Christopher S. Lee, Kenneth Margulies, and Barbara Riegel

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Motivational Interviewing Tailored Interventions for Heart Failure (MITI-HF): Study design and methods, Ruth Masterson Creber, Megan Patey, Victoria Vaughan Dickson, Marissa DeCesaris, and Barbara Riegel

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Sleep disturbance, symptoms, psychological distress, and health-related quality of life in pulmonary arterial hypertension, Lea Ann Matura, Annette McDonough, Alexandra L. Hanlon, Diane L. Carroll, and Barbara Riegel

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Global phosphoproteomic mapping of early mitotic exit in human cells identifies novel substrate dephosphorylation motifs, Rachael A. McLoy, Benjamin L. Parker, Samuel Rogers, Rima Chaudhuri, Velimir Gayevskiy, Nolan John Hoffman, Naveid Ali, D. Neil Watkins, Roger J. Daly, David E. James, Thierry Lorca, Anna Castro, and Andrew Burgess

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A putative placebo analysis of the effects of LCZ696 on clinical outcomes in heart failure, John J. V. McMurray, Milton Packer, Akshay S. Desai, Jianjian Gong, Nicola Greenlaw, Martin Lefkowitz, Adel R. Rizkala, Victor C. Shi, Jean L. Rouleau, Scott D. Solomon, Karl Sweberg, Michael R. Zile, Karl Andersen, Juan Luis Arango, Malcolm Arnold, Jan Belohlávek, Michael Bohm, Sergey Boytsov, Lesley Burgess, Walter Cabrera, Chen-Huan Chen, Andrejs Erglis, Michael Fu, Efrain Gomez, Angel Gonzalez, Albert-Alain Hagege, Tzvetana Katova, Songsak Kiatchoosakun, Kee-Sik Kim, Edmundo Bayram, Felipe Martinez, Bela Merkely, Iván Mendoza, Arend Mosterd, Marta Negrusz-Kawecka, Keijo Peuhkurinen, Felix Ramires, Jens Refsgaard, Michele Senni, Antonio S. Sibulo, Jose Silva-Cardoso, Iain Squire, Randall C. Starling, Dragos Vinereanu, John R. Teerlink, and Raymond Wong

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Adherence to analgesics for cancer pain: A comparative study of african americans and whites using an electronic monitoring device, Salimah H. Meghani, Aleda M. L. Thompson, Jesse Chitta, Deborah W. Bruner, and Barbara Riegel

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Biomarkers and low risk in heart failure. Data from COACH and TRIUMPH, Wouter C. Meijers, Rudolf A. de Boer, Dirk J. van Veldhuisen, Tiny Jaarsma, Hans L. Hillege, Alan S. Maisel, Salvatore Di Somma, Adriaan A. Voors, and W. Frank Peacock

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Acute heart failure in the elderly: Differences in clinical characteristics, outcomes, and prognostic factors in the Veritas study, Marco Metra, Gad Cotter, Jill El-Khorazaty, Beth A. Davison, Olga Milo, Valentina Carubelli, Robert C. Bourge, John G. F. Cleland, Guillaume Jondeau, Henry Krum, Christopher M. O'Connor, John D. Parker, Guillermo Torre-Amione, Dirk J. van Veldhuisen, Maurizio Rainisio, Isaac Kobrin, John J. V. McMurray, and John R. Teerlink

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Associations of strength training with impaired glucose metabolism: The AusDiab Study, David Minges, Tania Trbojevic, Elizabeth Skinner, Ross Clark, Pazit Levinger, Terry Haines, Kerrie Sanders, and Peter Ebeling

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Activation of AMPK alpha2 is not required for mitochondrial FAT/CD36 accumulation during exercise, Cynthia Monaco, Jamie Whitfield, Swati S. Jain, Lawrence L. Spriet, Arend Bonen, and Graham P. Holloway

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Impact of smoking and smoking cessation on cardiovascular events and mortality among older adults: Meta-analysis of Individual participant data from prospective cohort studies of the CHANCES consortium, Ute Mons, Aysel Müezzinler, Carolin Gellert, Ben Schottker, Christian C. Abnet, Martin Bobak, Lisette C.P.G.M. de Groot, Neal D. Freedman, Eugène Jansen, Frank Kee, Daan Kromhout, Kari Kuulasmaa, Tiina Laatikainen, Mark G. O'Doherty, Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Philippos Orfanos, Annette Peters, Yvonne T. van der Schouw, Tom Wilsgaard, Alicja Wolk, Antonia Trichopoulou, Paolo Boffetta, Hermann Brenner, Migle Baceviciene, Jolanda M. A. Boer, Wojciech Drygas, Sture Eriksson, Edith Feskens, Valeriy Gafarov, Julian Gardiner, Niclas Håkansson, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Pekka Jousilahti, Ellen Kampman, Jukka Kontto, Ruzena Kubinova, Max Leenders, Allan Linneberg, Maja-Lisa Loechen, Roberto Lorbeer, Sofia Malyutina, Ellisiv Bøgeberg Mathiesen, Håkan Melhus, Karl Michaëlsson, Inger Njølstad, Nicola Orsini, Andrzej Pająk, Hynek Pikhart, Charlotta Pisinger, Veikko Salomaa, María-José Sánchez, Susana Sans, Barbara Schaan, Andrea Schneider, Galatios Siganos, Stefan Söderberg, Martinette Streppel, Abdonas Tamošiūnas, Giovanni Veronesi, Eveline Waterham, and Patrik Wennberg

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Relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S) clinical assessment tool (CAT), Margo Mountjoy, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen, Louise Burke, Susan Carter, Naama Constantini, Constance Lebrun, Nanna Meyer, Roberta Sherman, Kathrin Steffen, Richard Budgett, Arne Ljungqvist, and Kathryn Ackerman

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Authors' 2015 additions to the IOC consensus statement: Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S), Margo Mountjoy, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen, Louise Mary Burke, Susan Carter, Naama Constantini, Constance Lebrun, Nanna L. Meyer, Roberta T. Sherman, Kathrin Steffen, Richard Budgett, and Arne Ljungqvist

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The IOC relative energy deficiency in sport clinical assessment tool (RED-S CAT), Margo Mountjoy, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen, Louise Mary Burke, Susan Carter, Naama Constantini, Constance Lebrun, Nanna Meyer, Roberta Sherman, Kathrin Steffen, Richard Budgett, Arne Ljungqvist, and Kathryn Ackerman

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Methodology review: Using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for the assessment of body composition in athletes and active people, Alisa Nana, Gary J. Slater, Louise Mary Burke, and Arthur D. Stewart

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Hypoxia induces a prothrombotic state independently of the physical activity, Marisa Ninivaggi, Marieke De Laat, Marcus M. D. Lancé, Cécile H. Kicken, Leonie Pelkmans, Saartje Bloemen, Marlou L. Dirks, Luc Van Loon, José W. P. Govers-Riemslag, Theo Lindhout, Joke Konings, and Bas De Laat

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Salicylate activates AMPK and synergizes with metformin to reduce the survival of prostate and lung cancer cells ex vivo through inhibition of de novo lipogenesis, Andrew J. O'Brien, Linda A. Villani, Lindsay A. Broadfield, Vanessa P. Houde, Sandra Galic, Giovanni Blandino, Bruce Ernest Kemp, Theodoros Tsakiridis, Paola Muti, and Gregory R. Steinberg

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Hypertensive heart failure in Nigerian Africans : Insights from the Abeokuta Heart Failure Registry, Okechukwu Ogah, Karen Sliwa, Joshua Akinyemi, Ayodele Falase, and Simon Stewart

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Skeletal muscle ACC2 S212 phosphorylation is not required for the control of fatty acid oxidation during exercise, Hayley M. O'Neill; James S. Lally; Sandra Galic; Thomas Pulinilkunnil; Rebecca J. Ford; Jason R. B. Dyck; Bryce J, Van Denderen; Bruce Ernest Kemp; and Gregory R. Steinberg

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Angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibition compared with enalapril on the risk of clinical progression in surviving patients with heart failure, Milton Packer, John J. V. McMurray, Akshay S. Desai, Jianjian Gong, Martin P. Lefkowitz, Adel R. Rizkala, Jean L. Rouleau, Victor C. Shi, Scott D. Solomon, Karl Swedberg, Michael R. Zile, Karl Andersen, Juan Luis Arango, J. Malcolm Arnold, Jan Belohlávek, Michael Bohm, Sergey Boytsov, Lesley J. Burgess, Walter Cabrera, Carlos Calvo, Chen-Huan Chen, Andrej Dukat, Yan Carlos Duarte, Andrejs Erglis, Michael Fu, Efrain Gomez, Angel Gonzàlez-Medina, Albert Alain Hagege, Jun Huang, Tzventana Katova, Songsak Kiatchoosakun, Kee-Sik Kim, Ömer Kozan, Edmundo Bayram Llamas, Felipe Martinez, Bela Merkely, Iván Mendoza, Arend Mosterd, Marta Negrusz-Kawecka, Keijo Peuhkurinen, Felix J. A. Ramires, Jens Refsgaard, Arvo Rosenthal, Michele Senni, Antonio S. Sibulo, José Silva-Cardoso, Iain B. Squire, Randall C. Starling, John R. Teerlink, Johan Vanhaecke, Dragos Vinereanu, and Raymond Ching-Chiew Wong

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Protein and healthy aging, Douglas Paddon-Jones, Wayne W. Campbell, Paul F. Jacques, Stephen B. Kritchevsky, Lynn L. Moore, Nancy R. Rodriguez, and Luc J.C. van Loon

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Health outcomes, community resources for health, and support strategies 12 months after discharge in patients with severe mental illness, SMC Pang, FKK Yeung, EFC Cheung, J. Mui, W. T. Chien, S. F. Leung, and D. Thompson

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Exercise and nutrient interactions: effects on skeletal muscle and body fat mass, Evelyn Bridget Parr

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Beetroot juice improves on-water 500 M time-trial performance, and laboratory-based paddling economy in national and international-level kayak athletes, Peter Peeling, Gregory R. Cox, Nicola Bullock, and Louise Mary Burke

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Lixisenatide in patients with type 2 diabetes and acute coronary syndrome, Marc A. Pfeffer, Brian L. Claggett, Rafael Diaz, Kenneth Dickstein, Hertzel C. Gerstein, Lars V. Kober, Francesca C. Lawson, Lin Ping, Xiaodan Wei, Eldrin F. Lewis, Aldo Pietro Maggioni, John J. V. McMurray, Jeffrey L. Probstfield, Matthew C. Riddle, Scott D. Solomon, and Jean Claude Tardif

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ExtraHF survey: The first European survey on implementation of exercise training in heart failure patients, Massimo F. Piepoli, Simone Binno, Ugo Corra, Petar Seferovic, Viviane Conraads, Tiny Jaarsma, Jean-Paul Schmid, Gerasimos Filippatos, and Piotr P. Ponikowski

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Assessment and prevalence of pulmonary oedema in contemporary acute heart failure trials: A systematic review, Elke Platz, Pardeep S. Jhund, Ross T. Campbell, and John J. V. McMurray

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Making Sense of Statistics in Clinical Trial Reports Part 1 of a 4-Part Series on Statistics for Clinical Trials, Stuart J. Pocock, John J.V. McMurray, and Timothy J. Collier

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Statistical Controversies in Reporting of Clinical Trials Part 2 of a 4-Part Series on Statistics for Clinical Trials, Stuart J. Pocock, John J.V. McMurray, and Timothy J. Collier

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Ethnic-Specific Normative Reference Values for Echocardiographic LA and LV Size, LV Mass, and Systolic Function: The EchoNoRMAL Study, K. K. Poppe

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Investigating acute satiation and meal termination effects of a commercial lipid emulsion : A breakfast meal study, Sally Poppitt, Shuang Han, Caroline Strik, Sophie Kindleysides, and Yih-Kai Chan

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A trial-based economic evaluation of 2 nurse-led disease management programs in heart failure, James Postmus, Amanda Hall, Marian Hernon, Aileen Murray, Ben Jackson, Ian Taylor, John Toner, Suzanne Guerin, Christopher Lonsdale, and Deirdre Hurley

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The effect of statin therapy on heart failure events: A collaborative meta-analysis of unpublished data from major randomized trials, David Preiss, Ross T. Campbell, Heather M. Murray, Ian Ford, Chris J. Packard, Naveed Sattar, Kazem Rahimi, Helen M. Colhoun, David D. Waters, John C. LaRosa, Pierre Amarenco, Terje R. Pedersen, Matti J. Tikkanen, Michael J. Koren, Neil R. Poulter, Peter S. Sever, Paul M. Ridker, Jean G. MacFadyen, Scott D. Solomon, Barry R. Davis, Lara M. Simpson, Haruo Nakamura, Kyoichi Mizuno, Rosa M. Marfisi, Roberto Marchioli, Gianni Tognoni, Vasilios G. Athyros, Kausik K. Ray, Antonio M. Gotto, Michael B. Clearfield, John R. Downs, and John J. V. McMurray

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Prospective relationships between body weight and physical activity: An observational analysis from the NAVIGATOR study, David Preiss, Laine E. Thomas, Daniel M. Wojdyla, Steven M. Haffner, Jason M. R. Gill, Thomas Yates, Melanie J. Davies, Rury R. Holman, John J. McMurray, Robert M. Califf, and William E. Kraus

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Is there an association between sleeping patterns and other environmental factors with obesity and blood pressure in an urban african population?, Sandra Pretorius, Simon Stewart, Melinda Carrington, Kim Lamont, Karen Sliwa, and Nigel Crowther

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Subtle renal dysfunction and bleeding risk in atrial fibrillation : Symmetric dimethylarginine predicts HAS-BLED score, Nathan Procter, Jocasta Ball, Tamila Heresztyn, Vivek Nooney, Saifei Liu, Cher-Rin Chong, Doan Ngo, Jeffrey Isenberg, Yuliy Chirkov, Simon Stewart, and John Horowitz

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Is there any gender difference for smoking persistence or relapse following diagnosis or hospitalization for coronary heart disease? Evidence from a systematic review and meta-analysis, Muhammad Aziz Rahman, Karen-Leigh Edward, Laura Montgomery, Samantha Marie McEvedy, and Linda Worrall-Carter

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E-cigarettes and smoking cessation : Evidence from a systematic review and meta-analysis, Muhammad Rahman, Nicholas Hann, Andrew Wilson, George Mnatzaganian, and Linda Worrall-Carter