The Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research aims to identify critical gaps within community and healthcare services, with an explicit goal to improve health outcomes (and a focus on vulnerable groups) via innovative individual, community and health service-focused programs.

Collaborating on projects nationally and internationally, The MacKillop invests in people and communities across Australia and beyond its borders.

Through research that responds to real needs, researchers are working to improve the well-being of people locally and globally so that they can lead full, healthy lives.

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Submissions from 2016

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Increasing insulin availability does not augment postprandial muscle protein synthesis rates in healthy young and older men, Bart B. L. Groen, Astrid M. H. Horstman, Henrike M. Hamer, Michiel de Haan, Janneau van Kranenburg, Jörgen Bierau, Martijn Poeze, Will K. W. H. Wodzig, Blake B. Rasmussen, and Luc J. C. van Loon

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Exercise, physical activity, and sedentary behavior in the treatment of depression: Broadening the scientific perspectives and clinical opportunities, Mats A. Hallgren, Matthew P. Herring, Neville Owen, David Wayne Dunstan, Örjan Ekblom, Björg Helgadottir, Olivia Aya Nakitanda, and Yvonne Forsell

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Expression of protocadherin gamma in skeletal muscle tissue is associated with age and muscle weakness, Roland W. J. Hangelbroek, Parastoo Fazelzadeh, Michael Tieland, Mark V. Boekschoten, Guido J. E. J. Hooiveld, John P. M. van Duynhoven, James A. Timmons, Lex B. Verdijk, Lisette C. P. G. M. de Groot, Luc Van Loon, and Michael Müller

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No effect of multivitamin supplementation on central blood pressure in healthy older people: A randomized controlled trial, Elizabeth Valentine Harris, Renee Rowsell, Andrew Pipingas, and Helen Macpherson

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Severity of renal impairment in patients with heart failure and atrial fibrillation: implications for non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant dose adjustment, Nathaniel M. Hawkins, Pardeep S. Jhund, Andrea Pozzi, Eileen O'Meara, Scott D. Solomon, Christopher B. Granger, Salim Yusuf, Marc A. Pfeffer, Karl Swedberg, Mark C. Petrie, Sean A. Virani, and John J. V. McMurray

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Metabolism: One step forward for exercise, John Alan Hawley and Anna Krook

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Is a reduction in albuminuria associated with renal and cardiovascular protection? A post hoc analysis of the ALTITUDE trial, Hiddo J. L. Heerspink, T. Ninomiya, Frederik Persson, Barry M. Brenner, Patrick Brunel, Nish Chaturvedi, A. S. Desai, S. M. Haffner, John J. V. McMurray, S. D. Solomon, M. A. Pfeffer, Hans-Henrik Parving, and D. de Zeeuw

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Renal outcomes with aliskiren in patients with type 2 diabetes: A prespecified secondary analysis of the ALTITUDE randomised controlled trial, Hiddo J. L. Heerspink, Frederik Persson, Barry M.D. Brenner, Nish Chaturvedi, Patrick Brunel, John McMurray, Akshay S. Desai, Scott D. Solomon, Marc A. Pfeffer, Hans-Henrik Henrik Parving, and Dick de Zeeuw

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The effect of motor control training on abdominal muscle contraction during simulated weight bearing in elite cricketers, Julie Anne Hides, Timothy John Endicott, Marianne Dilani Mendis, and Warren Robert Stanton

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Changes in multifidus and abdominal muscle size in to response microgravity: Possible implications for low back pain research, Julie Anne Hides, Gunda Lambrecht, Warren Robert Stanton, and Volker Damann

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Association between altered motor control of trunk muscles and head and neck injuries in elite footballers - An exploratory study, Julie Anne Hides, Marianne Dilani Mendis, Melinda M. Franettovich Smith, Tanja Miokovic, Andrew John Cooper, and Nancy Low Choy

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The effect of low back pain on trunk muscle size/ function and hip strength in elite football (soccer) players, Julie Anne Hides, Tim Oostenbroek, Melinda M. Franettovich Smith, and Marianne Dilani Mendis

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A global view of pulmonary hypertension, Marius Hoeper, Marc Humbert, Rogerio Souza, Majdy Idrees, Steven M. Kawut, Karen Sliwa-Hahnle, Zhi-Cheng Jing, and J. Simon Gibbs

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Physical activity performed in the evening increases the overnight muscle protein synthetic response to presleep protein ingestion in older men, Andrew M. Holwerda, Imre W. K. Kouw, Jorn Trommelen, Shona L. Halson, Will K. W. H. Wodzig, Lex B. Verdijk, and Luc J. C. van Loon

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Body position modulates gastric emptying and affects the post-prandial rise in plasma amino acid concentrations following protein ingestion in humans, Andrew M. Holwerda, Kaatje Lenaerts, Jörgen Bierau, and Luc J.C. van Loon

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Is cancer cachexia attributed to impairments in basal or postprandial muscle protein metabolism?, Astrid M.H. Horstman, Steven W. Olde Damink, Annemie M. W. J. Schols, and Luc J.C. Van Loon

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Associations of Low-and High-Intensity Light Activity with Cardiometabolic Biomarkers, Patrick Howard, Kylie Smith, Fabienne Else, and Ellie Crookes

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Burden of diarrhea in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990-2013: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013, Khalil Ibrahim, Danny V. Colombara, Mohammad Hossein Forouzanfar, Christopher Troeger, Farah Daoud, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Puja C. Rao, Ashkan Afshin, Raghid Charara, Kalkidan Hassen Abate, Mohammed Magdy Abd El Razek, Foad Abd-Allah, Remon Abu-Elyazeed, Aliasghar Ahmad Kiadaliri, Ali Shafqat Akanda, Nadia Akseer, Khurshid Alam, Deena Alasfoor, Raghib Ali, Mohammad A. Al Mazroa, Mahmoud A. Alomari, Rajaa Mohammad Salem Al-Raddadi, Ubai Alsharif, Shirina Alsowaidi, Khalid A. Altirkawi, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Walid Ammar, Carl Abelardo T. Antonio, Hamid Asayesh, Rana Jawad Asghar, Suleman Atique, Ashish Awasthi, Umar Bacha, Alaa Badawi, Aleksandra Barac, Neeraj Bedi, Tolesa Bekele, Isabela M. Bensenor, Balem Demtsu Betsu, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Aref A. Bin Abdulhak, Zahid A. Butt, Hadi Danawi, Manisha Dubey, Aman Yesuf Endries, Imad D. A. Faghmous, Talha Farid, Maryam S. Farvid, Farshad Farzadfar, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Florian Fischer, Joseph Robert Anderson Fitchett, Katherine B. Gibney, Ibrahim Abdelmageem Mohamed Ginawi, Melkamu Dedefo Gishu, Harish Chander Gugnani, Rahul Gupta, Gessessew Bugssa Hailu, Randah Ribhi Hamadeh, Samer Hamidi, Hilda L. Harb, Mohammad T. Hedayati, Mohamed Hsairi, Abdullatif Husseini, Nader Jahanmehr, Mehdi Javanbakht, Tariku Jibat, Jost B. Jonas, Amir Kasaeian, Yousef Saleh Khader, Abdur Rahman Khan, Ejaz Ahmad Khan, Gulfaraz Khan, Tawfik Ahmed Muthafer Khoja, Yohannes Kinfu, Niranjan Kissoon, Ai Koyanagi, Aparna Lal, Asma Abdul Abdul Latif, Raimundas Lunevicius, Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek, Azeem Majeed, Reza Malekzadeh, Alem Mehari, Alemayehu B. Mekonnen, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Ziad A. Memish, Walter Mendoza, Awoke Misganaw, Layla Abdalla Ibrahim Mohamed, Jean B. Nachega, Quyen Le Nguyen, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Emmanuel Kwame Peprah, James A. Platts-Mills, Farshad Pourmalek, Mostafa Qorbani, Anwar Rafay, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Sajjad Ur Rahman, Rajesh Kumar Rai, Saleem M. Rana, Chhabi L. Ranabhat, Sowmya R. Rao, Amany H. Refaat, Mark Riddle, Gholamreza Roshandel, George Mugambage Ruhago, Muhammad Muhammad Saleh, Juan R. Sanabria, Monika Sawhney, Sadaf G. Sepanlou, Tesfaye Setegn, Karen Sliwa, Chandrashekhar T. Sreeramareddy, Bryan L. Sykes, Mohammad Tavakkoli, Bemnet Amare Tedla, Abdullah S. Terkawi, Kingsley Ukwaja, Olalekan A. Uthman, Ronny Westerman, Mamo Wubshet, Muluken A. Yenesew, Naohiro Yonemoto, Mustafa Z. Younis, Zoubida Zaidi, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Abdullah A. Al Rabeeah, Haidong Wang, Mohsen Naghavi, Theo Vos, Alan D. Lopez, Christopher J. L. Murray, and Ali H. Mokdad

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Perceptions about traditional and novel methods to learn about postoperative pain management: A qualitative study, Brynja Ingadottir, Katrin Blondal, Tiny Jaarsma, and Ingela Thylen

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Undiagnosed hypertension in a rural district in Bangladesh: The Bangladesh Population-based Diabetes and Eye Study (BPDES), Fakir M.A. Islam, A. Bhuiyan, R. Chakrabarti, Muhammad Aziz Rahman, Y. Kanagasingam, and Janet Esther Hiller

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The incremental prognostic and clinical value of multiple novel biomarkers in heart failure, Colette E. Jackson, Caroline Haig, Paul Welsh, Jonathan R. Dalzell, Ioannis K. Tsorlalis, Alex McConnachie, David Preiss, Stefan D. Anker, Naveed Sattar, Mark C. Petrie, Roy S. Gardner, and John J. V. McMurray

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Fluid restriction in patients with heart failure: How should we think?, Peter Johansson, Martje H. L. van der Wal, Anna Stromberg, Nana Waldreus, and Tiny Jaarsma

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Self-management interventions: Proposal and validation of a new operational definition, Nini H. Jonkman, Marieke J. Schuurmans, Tiny Jaarsma, Lillie M. Shortridge-Baggett, Arno W. Hoes, and Jaap C. A. Trappenburg

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What are effective program characteristics of self-management interventions in patientswith heart failure? An individual patient data meta-analysis, Nini H. Jonkman, Heleen Westland, Rolf H. H. Groenwold, Susanna Agren, Manuel Anguita, Lynda Blue, Pieta W. Bruggink-Andre de la Porte, Darren A. DeWalt, Paul L. Hebert, Michele Heisler, Tiny Jaarsma, Gertrudis I. J. M. Kempen, Marcia E. Leventhal, Dirk J. A. Lok, Jan Martensson, Javier Muniz, Haruka Otsu, Frank Peters-Klimm, Michael W. Rich, Barbara Riegel, Anna Stromberg, Ross T. Tsuyuki, Jaap C. A. Trappenburg, Marieke J. Schuurmans, and Arno W. Hoes

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Nitrate-rich vegetables increase plasma nitrate and nitrite concentrations and lower blood pressure in healthy adults, Kristin L. Jonvik, Jean Nyakayiru, Philippe J. M. Pinckaers, Joan M. G. Senden, Luc J. C. van Loon, and Lex B. Verdijk

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Habitual Dietary Nitrate Intake in Highly Trained Athletes, Kristin L. Jonvik, Jean Nyakayiru, Jan Willem van Dijk, Floris C. Wardenaar, Lucas Van Loon, and Lex B. Verdijk

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Global, regional, and national levels of maternal mortality, 1990-2015: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015, Nicholas J. Kassebaum

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How effective is an in-hospital heart failure self-care program in a Japanese setting? Lessons from a randomized controlled pilot study, Naoko P. Kato, Koichiro Kinugawa, Miho Sano, Asuka Kogure, Fumika Sakuragi, Kihoko Kobukata, Hiroshi Ohtsu, Sanae Wakita, Tiny Jaarsma, and Keiko Kazuma

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Integrity of the human faecal microbiota following long-term sample storage, Elahe Kia, Brett Wagner Mackenzie, Danielle Middleton, Anna Lau, David W. Waite, Gillian Lewis, Yih Kai Chan, Marta Silvestre, Garth J. S. Cooper, Sally D. Poppitt, and Michael W. Taylor

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The Science Committee of the Council of Cardiovascular Nursing and Allied Professions: Moving forward, Barbro Kjellstrom, Geraldine Lee, Rani Khatib, Romy Mahrer-Imhof, Philip Moons, Samar Noureddine, Sharon O'Donnell, Anna Stromberg, Margret H. Svavarsdottir, and Tiny Jaarsma

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mTORC2 and AMPK differentially regulate muscle triglyceride content via Perilipin 3, Maximilian Kleinert, Benjamin L. Parker, Rima Chaudhuri, Daniel J. Fazakerley, Annette Serup, Kristen C. Thomas, James R. Krycer, Lykke Sylow, Andreas M. Fritzen, Nolan John Hoffman, Jacob Jeppesen, Peter Schjerling, Markus A. Ruegg, Bente Kiens, David E. James, and Erik A. Richter

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Cardiac Troponin T and i Release after a 30-km Run, Lieke J. J. Klinkenberg, Peter Luyten, Noreen Van Der Linden, Kim Urgel, Daniëlle P. C. Snijders, Christian Knackstedt, Robert Dennert, Bastiaan L. J. H. Kietselaer, Alma M. A. Mingels, Eline P. M. Cardinaels, Frederique E. C. M. Peeters, Jeroen D. E. Van Suijlen, Joop Ten Kate, Elke Marsch, Thomas L. Theelen, Judith C. Sluimer, Kristiaan Wouters, Otto Bekers, Sebastiaan C. A. M. Bekkers, Luc Van Loon, Marja P. Van Dieijen-Visser, and Steven J. R. Meex

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Diurnal rhythm of cardiac troponin: Consequences for the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction, Lieke J. J. Klinkenberg, Karin Wildi, Noreen Van Der Linden, Imre W. K. Kouw, Marijke Niens, Raphael Twerenbold, Maria Rubini Gimenez, Christian Puelacher, Jean Daniel Neuhaus, Petra Hillinger, Thomas Nestelberger, Jasper Boeddinghaus, Karin Grimm, Zaid Sabti, Judith A. P. Bons, Jeroen D. E. Van Suijlen, Frans E. S. Tan, Joop Ten Kate, Otto Bekers, Luc Van Loon, Marja P. Van Dieijen-Visser, Christian Mueller, and Steven J. R. Meex

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Sexual counseling in patients with heart failure: A silent phenomenon: Results from a convergent parallel mixed method study, Nina Kolbe, Christiane Kugler, Wilfried Schnepp, and Tiny Jaarsma

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Sexual counseling in patients with heart failure: A silent phenomenon: Results from a convergent parallel mixed method study, Nina Kolbe, Christiane Kugler, Wilfried Schnepp, and Tiny Jaarsma

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Sodium nitrate co-ingestion with protein does not augment postprandial muscle protein synthesis rates in older, type 2 diabetes patients, Imre W. K. Kouw, Naomi M. Cermak, Nicholas A. Burd, Tyler A. Churchward-Venne, Joan M. Senden, Annemie P. Gijsen, and Luc J. C. van Loon

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The value of telemonitoring and ICT-guided disease management in heart failure: Results from the IN TOUCH study, I. H. Kraai, Arjen E. de Vries, Karin Vermeulen, Vincent M. van Deursen, Martje H. L. van der Wal, Richard M. de Jong, Rene van Dijk, Tiny Jaarsma, Hans L. Hillege, and Ivonne Lesman

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The value of telemonitoring and ICT-guided disease management in heart failure: Results from the IN TOUCH study, I. H. Kraai, Arjen E. de Vries, Karin Vermeulen, Vincent M. van Deursen, Martje H. L. van der Wal, Richard M. de Jong, Rene van Dijk, Trijntje Jaarsma, Hans L. Hillege, and Ivonne Lesman

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Perception of impairments by patients with heart failure, I. H. Kraai, Karin M. Vermeulen, Hans L. Hillege, and Trijntje Jaarsma

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Both basal and post-prandial muscle protein synthesis rates, following the ingestion of a leucine-enriched whey protein supplement, are not impaired in sarcopenic older males, Irene Fleur Kramer, Lex B. Verdijk, Henrike M. Hamer, Sjors Verlaan, Yvette C. Luiking, Imre W. K. Kouw, Joan M. Senden, Janneau van Kranenburg, Annemarie P. Gijsen, Jörgen Bierau, Martijn Poeze, and Luc J. C. van Loon

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Geographic variations in the PARADIGM-HF heart failure trial, Søren L. Kristensen, Felipe Martinez, Pardeep S. Jhund, Juan Luis Arango, Jan Bĕlohlávek, Sergey Boytsov, Walter Cabrera, Efrain Gomez, Albert Alain Hagege, Jun Huang, Songsak Kiatchoosakun, Kee-Sik Kim, Iván Mendoza, Michele Senni, Iain B. Squire, Dragos Vinereanu, Raymond Chiew-Chiew Wong, Jianjian Gong, Martin P. Lefkowitz, Adel R. Rizkala, Jean L. Rouleau, Victor C. Shi, Scott D. Solomon, Karl Swedberg, Michael R. Zile, Milton Packer, and John J. V. McMurray

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Risk related to pre-diabetes mellitus and diabetes mellitus in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction: Insights from prospective comparison of ARNI with ACEI to determine impact on global mortality and morbidity in heart failure trial, Søren L. Kristensen, David Preiss, Pardeep Jhund, Iain Squire, Jose Silva Cardoso, Bela Merkely, Felipe Martinez, Randall C. Starling, Akshay S. Desai, Martin Lefkowitz, Adel R. Rizkala, Jean L. Rouleau, Victor C. Shi, S. D. Solomon, Karl Swedberg, Michael R. Zile, John McMurray, and Milton Packer

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Short message service (SMS) as an educational tool during pregnancy: A literature review, Kim Lamont, Karen Sliwa, Simon Stewart, Melinda Jane Carrington, Sandra Pretorius, Elena Libhaber, Charles S. Wiysonge, Esther F. Adebayo, and Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch

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Structural basis of allosteric and synergistic activation of AMPK by furan-2-phosphonic derivative C2 binding, Christopher G. Langendorf, Kevin R. W. Ngoei, John W. Scott, Naomi X. Y. Ling, Sam M. A. Issa, Michael A. Gorman, Michael W. Parker, Kei Sakamoto, Jonathan S. Oakhill, and Bruce Ernest Kemp

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Altering fatty acid availability does not impair prolonged, continuous running to fatigue: Evidence for carbohydrate dependence, Jill Leckey, Louise Mary Burke, James P. Morton, and John Alan Hawley

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Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase contributes to the regulation of glucose uptake in skeletal muscle, Robert S. Lee-Young, Nolan John Hoffman, Kate T. Murphy, Darren C. Henstridge, Dorit Samocha-Bonet, Andrew L. Siebel, Peter Iliades, Borivoj Zivanovic, Yet H. Hong, Timothy D. Colgan, Michael J. Kraakman, Clinton R. Bruce, Paul Gregorevic, Glenn K. McConell, Gordon S. Lynch, Grant R. Drummond, Bronwyn A. Kingwell, Jerry R. Greenfield, and Mark A. Febbraio

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A single dose of prednisolone as a modulator of undercarboxylated osteocalcin and insulin sensitivity post-exercise in healthy young men: A study protocol, Itamar Levinger, Tara C. Brennan-Speranza, Nigel K. Stepto, George Jerums, Lewan Parker, Glenn K. McConell, Mitchell Anderson, Andrew Garnham, David L. Hare, Peter R. Ebeling, and Ego Seeman

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Predicting outcomes over time in patients with heart failure, left ventricular systolic dysfunction, or both following acute myocardial infarction, Renato D. Lopes, Karen S. Pieper, Susanna R. Stevens, Scott D. Solomon, John J.V. McMurray, Marc A. Pfeffer, Jeffrey D. Leimberger, and Eric J. Velazquez

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The effect of guided web-based cognitive behavioral therapy on patients with depressive symptoms and heart failure: A pilot randomized controlled trial, Johan Gustav Lundgren, Orjan Dahlstrom, Gerhard Andersson, Tiny Jaarsma, Anita Karner Kohler, and Peter Johansson

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Jejunal feeding is followed by a greater rise in plasma cholecystokinin, peptide YY, glucagon-like peptide 1, and glucagon-like peptide 2 concentrations compared with gastric feeding in vivo in humans: a randomized trial, Joanna Luttikhold, Klaske van Norren, Herman Rijna, Nikki Buijs, Marjolein Ankersmit, Annemieke C. Heijboer, Jeannette Gootjes, Bolette Hartmann, Jens J. Holst, Lucas J. C. Van Loon, and Paul A. M. van Leeuwen

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Changing needs of heart failure patients and their families during the illness trajectory: a challenge for health care, Marie-Louise Luttik, Trijntje Jaarsma, and Anna Stromberg

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Unique correlates of heart failure and cancer caregiver satisfaction with hospice care, Meredith A. Mackenzie, Harleah G. Buck, Salimah H. Meghani, and Barbara Riegel

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Trends in modifiable risk factors are associated with declining incidence of hospitalized and nonhospitalized acute coronary heart disease in a population, Jan Mannsverk, Tom Wilsgaard, Ellisiv Bøgeberg Mathiesen, Maja-Lisa Løchen, Knut Rasmussen, Dag S. Thelle, Inger Njølstad, Laila Arnesdatter Hopstock, and Kaare Harald Bønaa

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Enhanced endurance performance by periodization of CHO intake: "Sleep Low" strategy, Laurie-Anne Marquet, Jeanick Brisswalter, Julien Louis, Eve Tiollier, Louise Mary Burke, John Alan Hawley, and Christophe Hausswirth

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Periodization of carbohydrate intake: Short-term effect on performance, Laurie-Anne Marquet, Christophe Hausswirth, Odeline Molle, John A. Hawley, Louise M. Burke, Eve Tiollier, and Jeanick Brisswalter

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Practical approach on frail older patients attended for acute heart failure, Francisco J. Martín-Sánchez, Michael Christ, Òscar Miró, W. Frank Peacock, John J. McMurray, Héctor Bueno, Alan S. Maisel, Louise Cullen, Martin R. Cowie, Salvatore Di Somma, Elke Platz, Joseph Masip, Uwe Zeymer, Christiaan Vrints, Susanna Price, and Christian Mueller

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Determinants of behavioral alertness in adults with heart failure, Ruth Masterson Creber, Victoria M. Pak, Miranda Varrasse, David F. Dinges, Joyce Wald, and Barbara Riegel

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Motivational interviewing to improve self-care for patients with chronic heart failure: MITI-HF randomized controlled trial, Ruth Masterson Creber, Megan Patey, C. Lee, Amy Kuan, Corrine Y. Jurgens, and Barbara Riegel

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C-Reactive Protein and Risk of ESRD: Results From the Trial to Reduce Cardiovascular Events With Aranesp Therapy (TREAT), Finnian R. McCausland, Brian L. Claggett, Emmanuel A. Burdmann, Kai Uwe Eckardt, Reshma Kewalramani, Andrew S. Levey, John McMurray, Patrick Parfrey, Guiseppe Remuzzi, Ajay K. Singh, Scott Solomon, Robert D. Toto, and Marc A. Pfeffer

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Aliskiren, enalapril, or aliskiren and enalapril in heart failure, John J. V. McMurray, Henry Krum, William T. Abraham, Kenneth Dickstein, Lars V. Kober, Akshay S. Desai, Scott D. Solomon, Nicola Greenlaw, M. Atif Ali, Yanntong Chiang, Qing Shao, Georgia Tarnesby, and Barry M. Massie

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Patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction and low levels of natriuretic peptides, Wouter C. Meijers, Tialda Hoekstra, Trijntje Jaarsma, Dirk J. van Veldhuisen, and Rudolf A. de Boer

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Effect of motor control training on hip muscles in elite football players with and without low back pain, Marianne Dilani Mendis and Julie Anne Hides

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Effect of motor control training on hip muscles in elite football players with and without low back pain, Marianne Dilani Mendis and Julie Anne Hides

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Geographic Differences in Patients in a Global Acute Heart Failure Clinical Trial (from the ASCEND-HF Trial), Marco Metra, Robert J. Mentz, Adrian F. Hernandez, Gretchen M. Heizer, P. W. Armstrong, Nadine Clausell, Ramon Corbalan, Maria Rosa Costanzo, Kenneth Dickstein, Mark E. Dunlap, Justin A. Ezekowitz, Jonathan G. Howlett, Michel Komajda, Henry Krum, Carlo Lombardi, Gregg C. Fonarow, John J. V. McMurray, Markku S. Nieminen, Karl Swedberg, Adriaan A. Voors, Randall C. Starling, John R. Teerlink, and Christopher M. O'Connor

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Recruitment of older adults with type 2 diabetes into a community-based exercise and nutrition randomised controlled trial, Eliza G. Miller, Caryl A. Nowson, David Wayne Dunstan, Deborah A. Kerr, Vicky Solah, David Menzies, and Robin M. Daly

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Medical disease as a cause of maternal mortality: The pre-imminence of cardiovascular pathology, A. O. Mocumbi, K. Sliwa, and P. Soma-Pillay

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The Indigenous Australian Malnutrition Project: The burden and impact of malnutrition in Aboriginal Australian and Torres Strait Islander hospital inpatients, and validation of a malnutrition screening tool for use in hospitals, Natasha F. Morris, Simon Stewart, Malcolm D. Riley, and Graeme P. Maguire

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Physical activity, resting heart rate, and atrial fibrillation: The Tromsø Study, Bente Morseth, Sidsel Graff-Iversen, Bjarne K. Jacobsen, Lone Jorgensen, Audhild Nyrnes, Dag S. Thelle, Peter Vestergaard, and Maja-Lisa Loechen

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Depressive symptoms, cardiac anxiety, and fear of body sensations in patients with non-cardiac chest pain, and their relation to healthcare-seeking behavior: A cross-sectional study, Ghassan Mourad, Anna Stromberg, Peter Johansson, and Tiny Jaarsma

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Guided Internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy in patients with non-cardiac chest pain - A pilot randomized controlled study, Ghassan Mourad, Anna Stromberg, Egil Jonsbu, Mikael Gustafsson, Peter Johansson, and Tiny Jaarsma

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Sexual counselling for patients with cardiovascular disease: Protocol for a pilot study of the CHARMS sexual counselling intervention, Patrick J. Murphy, Jenny McSharry, Dympna Casey, Sally Doherty, Paddy Gillespie, Tiny Jaarsma, Andrew W. Murphy, John Newell, Martin O'Donnell, Elaine E. Steinke, Elaine Toomey, and Molly Byrne

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Importance of standardized DXA protocol for assessing physique changes in athletes, Alisa Nana, Gary J. Slater, Will Hopkins, Shona Halson, D. T. Martin, N. P. West, and Louise Mary Burke

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Topic reviews need to be robust, Ntobeko B. A. Ntusi, Sarah Kraus, Gboyega Ogunbanjo, and Karen Sliwa-Hahnle

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Effects of sacubitril/valsartan in the PARADIGM-HF trial (prospective comparison of ARNI with ACEI to determine impact on global mortality and morbidity in heart failure) according to background therapy, Naoki Okumura, Pardeep Jhund, Jianjian Gong, Martin P. Lefkowitz, Adel R. Rizkala, Jean L. Rouleau, Victor C. Shi, Karl Swedberg, Michael R. Zile, Scott Solomon, Milton Packer, and John McMurray

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Importance of clinical worsening of heart failure treated in the outpatient setting: Evidence from the prospective comparison of ARNI with ACEI to determine impact on global mortality and morbidity in heart failure trial (PARADIGM-HF), Naoki Okumura, Pardeep Jhund, Jianjian Gong, Martin P. Lefkowitz, Adel R. Rizkala, Jean L. Rouleau, Victor C. Shi, Karl Swedberg, Michael R. Zile, Scott Solomon, Milton Packer, and John McMurray

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Rationale for and design of the TRUE-AHF trial: The effects of ularitide on the short-term clinical course and long-term mortality of patients with acute heart failure, Milton Packer, Richard Holcomb, William T. Abraham, Stefan D. Anker, Kenneth Dickstein, Gerasimos S. Filippatos, Henry Krum, Aldo Pietro Maggioni, John J. V. McMurray, Alexandre Mebazaa, Christopher M. O'Connor, Frank Peacock, Piotr P. Ponikowski, Frank Ruschitzka, Dirk J. van Veldhuisen, and Johannes Holzmeister

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A randomized trial of high-dairy-protein, variable-carbohydrate diets and exercise on body composition in adults with obesity, Evelyn B. Parr, Vernon Glenn Coffey, Louise E. Cato, Stuart M. Phillips, Louise Mary Burke, and John Alan Hawley

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Increased mortality with elevated plasma endothelin-1 in acute heart failure: An ASCEND-HF biomarker substudy, Antonio L. Perez, Justin L. Grodin, Yuping Wu, Adrian F. Hernandez, Javed Butler, Marco Metra, G. Michael Felker, Adriaan A. Voors, John J. V. McMurray, Paul W. Armstrong, Randall C. Starling, Christopher M. O'Connor, and W. H. Wilson Tang

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Lessons in uncertainty and humility - Clinical trials involving hypertension, Marc A. Pfeffer and John J. V. McMurray

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Exceptional body composition changes attributed to collagen peptide supplementation and resistance training in older sarcopenic men, Stuart M. Philips, Kevin D. Tipton, Luc J. C. Van Loon, Lex B. Verdijk, Douglas Paddon-Jones, and Graeme L. Close

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2016 European Guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice, Massimo F. Piepoli, Arno W. Hoes, Stefan Agewall, Christian Albus, Carlos Brotons, Alberico L. Catapano, Marie-Therese Cooney, Ugo Corra, Bernanrd Cosyns, Christi Deaton, Ian Graham, Michael Stephen Hall, F. D. Richards Hobbs, Maja-Lisa Loechen, Herbert Lollgen, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Joep Perk, Eva Prescott, Josep Redon, Dimitrios J. Richter, Naveed Sattar, Yvo Smulders, Monica Tiberi, Henk Van der Worp, Ineke van Dis, W. M. Monique Verschuren, Simone Binno, Guy De Backer, Marco Roffi, Victor Aboyans, Norbert Bachl, Scipione Carerj, and Leslie Cho

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2016 European Guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice: The Sixth Joint Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and Other Societies on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Clinical Practice (constituted by represe, Massimo F. Piepoli, Arno W. Hoes, Stefan Agewall, Christian Albus, Carlos Brotons, Alberico L. Catapano, Marie Therese Cooney, Ugo Corra, Bernard Cosyns, Christi Deaton, Ian Graham, Michael Stephen Hall, F. D. Richard Hobbs, Maja-Lisa Loechen, Herbert Löllgen, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Joep Perk, Eva Prescott, Josep Redon, Dimitrios J. Richter, Naveed Sattar, Yvo Smulders, Monica Tiberi, H. Bart van der Worp, Ineke van Dis, and W. M. Monique Verschuren

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2016 European guidelines on Cardiovascular Diseases prevention in clinical practice the Sixth Joint Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and Other Societies on Cardiovascular Diseases Prevention in Clinical Practice (constituted by representatives of 10 societies and invited experts), Massimo F. Piepoli, Arno W. Hoes, Stefan Agewall, Christian Albus, Carlos Brotons, Alberico L. Catapano, Marie-Therese Cooney, Ugo Corra, Bernard Cosyns, Christi Deaton, Ian Graham, Michael Stephen Hall, F. D. Richard Hobbs, Maja-Lisa Loechen, Herbert Löllgen, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Joep Perk, Eva Prescott, Josep Redon, Dimitrios J. Richter, Naveed Sattar, Yvo Smulders, Monica Tiberi, H. Bart van der Worp, Ineke van Dis, W. M. Monique Verschuren, Guy De Backer, Marco Roffi, Victor Aboyans, Norbert Bachl, Héctor Bueno, Scipione Carerj, Leslie Cho, John Cox, Johan De Sutter, Günther Egidi, Miles Fisher, Donna Fitzsimmons, Oscar H. Franco, Maxime Guenoun, Catriona Jennings, Borut Jug, Paulus Kirchhof, Kornelia Kotseva, Gregory Y.H. Lip, Francois Mach, Giuseppe Mancia, Franz Martin Bermudo, Alessandro Mezzani, Alexander Niessner, Piotr Ponikowski, Bernhard Rauch, Lars Ryden, Adrienne Stauder, Guillaume Turc, Olov Wiklund, Stephan Windecker, and Jose Luis Zamorano

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Telerehabilitation in heart failure patients: The evidence and the pitfalls, Ewa Piotrowicz, Massimo F. Piepoli, Tiny Jaarsma, Ekaterini Lambrinou, Andrew J. S. Coats, Jean-Paul Schmid, Ugo Corra, Piergiuseppe Agostoni, Kenneth Dickstein, Petar M. Seferovic, Stamatis Adamopoulos, and Piotr P. Ponikowski

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2016 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure: The Task Force for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute and Chronic Heart Gailure of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), Piotr Ponikowski, Adriaan A. Voors, Stefan D. Anker, Héctor Bueno, John G. F. Cleland, Andrew J. S. Coats, Volkmar Falk, José Ramón González-Juanatey, Veli-Pekka Harjola, Ewa A. Jankowska, Mariell Jessup, Cecilia Linde, Petros Nihoyannopoulos, John T. Parissis, Burkert Pieske, Jillian P. Riley, Giuseppe M. C. Rosano, Luis Miguel Ruilope, Frank Ruschitzka, Frans H. Rutten, Peter van der Meer, Gerasimos S. Filippatos, John. J. V. McMurray, Victor Aboyans, Stephan Achenbach, Stefan Agewall, Nawwar Al-Attar, John J. Atherton, Johann Bauersachs, A. John Camm, Scipione Carerj, Claudio Ceconi, Antonio Coca, Perry Elliott, Çetin Erol, Justin A. Ezekowitz, Covadonga Fernández-Golfín, Donna Fitzsimmons, Marco Guazzi, Maxime Guenoun, Gerd Hasenfuss, Gerhard Hindricks, Arno W. Hoes, Bernard Iung, Tiny Jaarsma, Paulus Kirchhof, Juhani Knuuti, Philippe Kolh, Stavros Konstantinides, Mitja Lainscak, Patrizio Lancellotti, Gregory Y. H. Lip, Francesco Maisano, Christian Mueller, Mark C. Petrie, Massimo F. Piepoli, Silvia G. Priori, Adam Torbicki, Hiroyuki Tsutsui, Dirk J. van Veldhuisen, Stephan Windecker, Clyde Yancy, and Jose Luis Zamorano

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Gender and tachycardia: independent modulation of platelet reactivity in patients with atrial fibrillation, Nathan Procter, Jocasta Clare Ball, Doan Ngo, Jeffrey Isenberg, Elaine Hylek, Yuliy Chirkov, Simon Stewart, and John Horowitz

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Platelet hyperaggregability in patients with atrial fibrillation, Nathan Procter, Jocasta Ball, Doan Ngo, Yuliy Chirkov, Jeffrey Isenberg, Elaine Hylek, Simon Stewart, and John Horowitz

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New-onset atrial fibrillation and thromboembolic risk: Cardiovascular syzygy?, Nathan Procter, Simon Stewart, and John Horowitz

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Is there any gender difference for smoking persistence or relapse following diagnosis or hospitalization for coronary heart disease? Evidence from a systematic review and meta-analysis, Muhammad Aziz Rahman, Karen-Leigh Edward, Laura Montgomery, Samantha Marie McEvedy, Andrew Wilson, and Linda Worrall-Carter

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Recommendations for the conduct of clinical trials for drugs to treat or prevent sarcopenia, Jean Yves Reginster, Cyrus Cooper, Rene Rizzoli, John A. Kanis, Geoff Appelboom, Ivan Bautmans, Heike A. Bischoff-Ferrari, Maarten Boers, Maria Luisa Brandi, Olivier Bruyère, Antonio Cherubini, Bruno Flamion, Roger A. Fielding, Andrea Ildiko Gasparik, Lucas Van Loon, Eugene McCloskey, Bruce Mitlak, Alberto Pilotto, Suzanne Reiter-Niesert, Yves Rolland, Yannis Tsouderos, Marjolein Visser, and Alfonso J. Cruz-Jentoft

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Effectiveness of motivational interviewing in decreasing hospital readmission in adults with heart failure and multimorbidity, Barbara Riegel, Ruth Masterson Creber, Julia Hill, Jesse Chittams, and Linda Hoke

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A qualitative secondary data analysis of intentional and unintentional medication nonadherence in adults with chronic heart failure, Barbara Riegel and Victoria Vaughan Dickson

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Impact of incident myocardial infarction on the risk of venous thromboembolism: The Tromsø Study, L. B. Rinde, C. Lind, B. Smabrekke, I. Njølstad, E. B. Mathiesen, T. Wilsgaard, Maja-Lisa Løchen, E. M. Hald, A. Vik, Sigrid K. Braekkan, and J.-B. Hansen

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A systematic review and meta-analysis of primary prevention programmes to improve cardio-metabolic risk in non-urban communities, Andre L. Rodrigues, Jocasta Clare Ball, Chantal Ski, Simon Stewart, and Melinda Jane Carrington

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Return to the workforce after first hospitalization for heart failure: A Danish nationwide cohort study, Rasmus Rørth, Chih Wong, Kristian Kragholm, Emil L. Fosbøl, Ulrik M. Mogensen, Morten Lamberts, Mark C. Petrie, Pardeep Jhund, Thomas A. Gerds, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Gunnar H. Gislason, John McMurray, Lars Kober, and Søren L. Kristensen

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Endothelial dysfunction as a link between cardiovascular risk factors and peripheral neuropathy in diabetes, Matthieu Roustit, Jordan Loader, Carly Deusenbery, Dimitrios Baltzis, and Aristidis Veves

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Hyperoxia increases arterial oxygen pressure during exercise in type 2 diabetes patients: A feasibility study, Robert Rozenberg, Robert T. Mankowski, Luc van Loon, Janneke G. Langendonk, Eric J. G. Sijbrands, Anton H. van den Meiracker, Henk J. Stam, and Stephan F. E. Praet

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Impact of diet composition on blood glucose regulation, Wendy R. Russell, Athanasia Baka, Inger Bjorck, Nathalie Delzenne, Dan Gao, Helen R. Griffiths, Ellie Hadjilucas, Kristiina Juvonen, Sampo Lahtinen, Mirian Lansink, Luc van Loon, Hannu Mykkanen, Elin Ostman, Gabrielle Riccardi, Sophie Vinoy, and Martin O. Weickert

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Coronary artery disease is a predictor of progression to dialysis in patients with chronic kidney disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and anemia: An analysis of the trial to reduce cardiovascular events with aranesp therapy (TREAT), Marwa A. Sabe, Brian Claggett, Emmanuel A. Burdmann, Akshay S. Desai, Peter Ivanovich, Reshma Kewalramani, Eldrin F. Lewis, John J.V. McMurray, Kurt A. Olson, Patrick Parfrey, Scott D. Solomon, and Marc A. Pfeffer

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Liver function tests in patients with acute heart failure and associated outcomes: Insights from ASCEND-HF, Marc D. Samsky, Allison Dunning, Adam D. DeVore, Phillip J. Schulte, Randall C. Starling, W. H. Wilson Tang, Paul W. Armstrong, Justin A. Ezekowitz, Javed Butler, John J. V. McMurray, John R. Teerlink, Adriaan A. Voors, Marco Metra, Robert J. Mentz, Christopher M. O'Connor, Chetan B. Patel, and Adrian F. Hernandez