The Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research aims to identify critical gaps within community and healthcare services, with an explicit goal to improve health outcomes (and a focus on vulnerable groups) via innovative individual, community and health service-focused programs.

Collaborating on projects nationally and internationally, The MacKillop invests in people and communities across Australia and beyond its borders.

Through research that responds to real needs, researchers are working to improve the well-being of people locally and globally so that they can lead full, healthy lives.

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Submissions from 2016

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Lifelong gender gap in risk of incident myocardial infarction: The Tromsø Study, Grethe Albrektsen, Ivar Heuch, Maja-Lisa Loechen, Dag S. Thelle, Tom Wilsgaard, Inger Njolstad, and Kaare Harald Bonaa

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The clinical course of health status and association with outcomes in patients hospitalized for heart failure: Insights from ASCEND-HF, Andrew P. Ambrosy, Adrian F. Hernandez, Paul W. Armstrong, Javed Butler, Allison Dunning, Justin A. Ezekowitz, G. Michael Felker, Stephen J. Greene, Padma Kaul, John J. V. McMurray, Marco Metra, Christopher M. O'Connor, Shelby D. Reed, Phillip J. Schulte, Randall C. Starling, W. H. Wilson Tang, Adriaan A. Voors, and Robert J. Mentz

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Traditional and new composite endpoints in heart failure clinical trials: Facilitating comprehensive efficacy assessments and improving trial efficiency, Stefan D. Anker, Stefan Schroeder, Dan Atar, Jeroen J. Bax, Claudio Ceconi, Martin R. Cowie, Adam Crisp, Fabienne Dominjon, Ian Ford, Hossein-Ardeschir Ghofrani, Savion Gropper, Gerhard Hindricks, Mark A. Hlatky, Richard Holcomb, Narimon Honarpour, J. Wouter Jukema, Albert M. Kim, Michael Kunz, Martin P. Lefkowitz, Chantal Le Floch, Ulf Landmesser, Theresa A. McDonagh, John J. V. McMurray, Bela Merkely, Milton Packer, Krishna Prasad, James Revkin, Giuseppe M. C. Rosano, Ransi Somaratne, Wendy Gattis Stough, Adriaan A. Voors, and Frank Ruschitzka

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Immortalized Parkinson's disease lymphocytes have enhanced mitochondrial respiratory activity, Sarah J. Annesley, Sui T. Lay, Shawn W. De Piazza, Oana Sanislav, Eleanor Hammersley, Claire Y. Allan, Lisa M. Francione, Minh Q. Bui, Zhi-Ping Chen, Kevin R. W. Ngoei, Flora Tassone, Bruce E. Kemp, Elsdon Storey, Andrew Evans, Danuta Z. Loesch, and Paul R. Fisher

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Overweight duration in older adults and cancer risk: a study of cohorts in Europe and the United States, Melina Arnold, Heinz Freisling, Rachael Stolzenberg-Solomon, Frank Kee, Mark George O'Doherty, José Manuel Ordóñez-Mena, Tom Wilsgaard, Anne Maria May, Hendrik Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Anne Tjønneland, Philippos Orfanos, Antonia Trichopoulou, Paolo Boffetta, Freddie Bray, Mazda Jenab, Isabelle Soerjomataram, Migle Baceviciene, Jolanda M. A. Boer, Wojciech Drygas, Sture Eriksson, Edith Feskens, Valeriy Gafarov, Julian Gardiner, Niclas Hakansson, Jan-Hakkan Jansson, Pekka Jousilahti, Ellen Kampman, Jukka Kontto, Ruzena Kubinova, Max Leenders, Allan Linneberg, Maja-Lisa Loechen, Roberto Lorbeer, Sofia Malyutina, Ellisiv Bøgeberg Mathiesen, Hakan Melhus, Karl Michaëlsson, Inger Njølstad, Nicola Orsini, Andrzej Pajak, Hynek Pikhart, Charlotta Pisinger, Veikko Salomaa, Maria-Jose Sanchez, Susana Sans, Barbara Schaan, Andrea Schneider, Galatios Siganos, Stefan Soderberg, Martinette Streppel, Abdonas Tamosiunas, Giovanni Veronesi, Eveline Waterham, and Patrik Wennberg

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Clinical and socio-demographic determinants of self-care behaviours in patients with heart failure and diabetes mellitus: A multicentre cross-sectional study, Davide Ausili, Paola Rebora, Stefania Di Mauro, Barbara Riegel, Maria Grazia Valsecchi, Marco Paturzo, Rosaria Alvaro, and Ercole Vellone

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Protein intake and lean body mass preservation during energy intake restriction in overweight older adults, E. M. P. Backx, Michael Tieland, Karin J. Borgonjen-Van Den Berg, P. R. Claessen, Lucas Van Loon, and Lisette C.P.G.M. de Groot

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The impact of 1-year vitamin D supplementation on vitamin D status in athletes: A dose-response study, E. M. P. Backx, Michael Tieland, K. Maase, A. K. Kies, M. Mensink, Luc Van Loon, and Lisette C. P. G. M. de Groot

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Effect of linagliptin on vascular function: A randomized, placebo-controlled study, Dimitrios Baltzis, Jody R. Dushay, Jordan Loader, Jim Wu, Robert L. Greenman, Matthieu Roustit, and Aristidis Veves

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Current management of patients with severe acute peripartum cardiomyopathy: Practical guidance from the Heart Failure Association of the European Society of Cardiology Study Group on peripartum cardiomyopathy, Johann Bauersachs, Mattia Arrigo, Denise Hilfiker-Kleiner, Christian Veltmann, Andrew J. S. Coats, Maria G. Crespo-Leiro, Rudolf A. de Boer, Peter van der Meer, Christoph Maack, Frederic Mouquet, Mark C. Petrie, Massimo F. Piepoli, Vera Regitz-Zagrosek, Maria Schaufelberger, Petar Seferovic, Luigi Tavazzi, Frank Ruschitzka, Alexandre Mebazaa, and Karen Sliwa-Hahnle

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Metformin prevents nigrostriatal dopamine degeneration independent of AMPK activation in dopamine neurons, Jacqueline A. Bayliss, Moyra B. Lemus, Vanessa Santos, Minh Deo, Jeffrey S. Davies, Bruce Ernest Kemp, John D. Elsworth, and Zane B. Andrews

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Ghrelin-AMPK signaling mediates the neuroprotective effects of calorie restriction in Parkinson's Disease, Jacqueline A. Bayliss, Moyra B. Lemus, Romana Stark, Vanessa V. Santos, Aiysha Thompson, Daniel J. Rees, Sandra Galic, John D. Elsworth, Bruce Ernest Kemp, Jeffrey S. Davies, and Zane B. Andrews

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Physical Therapist-Delivered Pain Coping Skills Training and Exercise for Knee Osteoarthritis: Randomized Controlled Trial, Kim L. Bennell, Yasmin Ahamed, Gwendolen J. Jull, Christina Bryant, Michael A. Hunt, Andrew B. Forbes, Jessica Kasza, Muhammed Akram, Ben R. Metcalf, Anthony Harris, T. Egerton, Justin A. Kenardy, Michael K. Nicholas, and Francis J. Keefe

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Doping in sport and exercise: Anabolic, ergogenic, health and clinical issues, Stephen R. Bird, Catrin Goebel, Louise Mary Burke, and Ronda F. Greaves

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Update on the effects of physical activity on insulin sensitivity in humans, Stephen R. Bird and John Hawley

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Recruitment for a hospital-based pragmatic clinical trial using volunteer nurses and students, Audrey L. Blewer, Jiaqi Li, Daniel J. Ikeda, Marion Leary, David G. Buckler, Barbara Riegel, Sunita Desai, Peter W. Groeneveld, Mary E. Putt, and Benjamin S. Abella

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Video-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation education for high-risk families before hospital discharge: A multicenter pragmatic trial, Audrey L. Blewer, Mary E. Putt, Lance B. Becker, Barbara Riegel, Jiaqi Li, Marion Leary, Judy A. Shea, James N. Kirkpatrick, Robert A. Berg, Vinay M. Nadkarni, Peter W. Groeneveld, and Benjamin S. Abella

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The Stroke and Carer Optimal Health Program (SCOHP) to enhance psychosocial health: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial, Catherine Brasier, Chantal F. Ski, David Robert Thompson, Janette Dorothy Cameron, Casey L. O'Brien, Nicola T. Lautenschlager, Graeme Gonzales, Ya-seng Arthur Hsueh, Gaye Moore, Simon R. Knowles, Susan L. Rossell, Rachel Haselden, and David J. Castle

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Challenges in personalised management of chronic diseases-heart failure as prominent example to advance the care process, Hans Peter Brunner-La, Lutz Fleischhacker, Olga Golubnitschaja, Frank Heemskerk, Thomas Helms, Thom Hoedemakers, Sandra Huygen Allianses, Tiny Jaarsma, Judita Kinkorova, Jan Ramaekers, Peter Ruff, Ivana Schnur, Emilio Vanoli, Jose Verdu, and Bettina Zippel-Schultz

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Sexual counselling for sexual problems in patients with cardiovascular disease, Molly Byrne, Sally Doherty, Bengt G. A. Fridlund, Jan Mårtensson, Elaine E. Steinke, Tiny Jaarsma, and Declan Devane

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Caregiving immediately after stroke: A study of uncertainty in caregivers of older adults, Eeeseung Byun, Barbara Riegel, Marilyn S. Sommers, Nancy C. Tkacs, and Lois Evans

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Exercise-induced skeletal muscle signaling pathways and human athletic performance, Donny Michael Camera, William J. Smiles, and John Alan Hawley

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Sensitivity and specificity of a five-minute cognitive screening test in patients with heart failure, Janette Dorothy Cameron, Robyn Gallagher, Susan J. Pressler, Skye Nadine McLennan, Chantal F. Ski, Geoffrey H. Tofler, and David Robert Thompson

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Carers views on patient self-care in chronic heart failure, Janette Dorothy Cameron, Kerryn Louise Rhodes, Chantal Ski, and David Robert Thompson

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Clinical outcomes according to QRS duration and morphology in the Irbesartan in Patients with Heart Failure and Preserved Systolic Function (I-PRESERVE) trial, Jane A. Cannon, Li Shen, Pardeep S. Jhund, Inder S. Anand, Michel Komajda, Robert S. McKelvie, Michael R. Zile, Peter E. Carson, and John J. V. McMurray

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Continuous-time semi-Markov models in health economic decision making: An illustrative example in heart failure disease management, Qi Cao, Erik Buskens, Talitha Feenstra, Tiny Jaarsma, Hans L. Hillege, and Douwe Postmus

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Temporal trends in incidence and case fatality of intracerebral hemorrhage: The Tromsø Study 1995-2012, Maria Carlsson, Tom Wilsgaard, Stein Harald Johnsen, Anne Merete Vangen-Lønne, Maja-Lisa Løchen, Inger Njølstad, and Ellisiv Bøgeberg Mathiesen

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The spectrum of heart disease in urban Africans: The Heart of Soweto Study, Melinda Jane Carrington, Karen Sliwa, and Simon Stewart

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Current and projected burden of heart failure in the Australian adult population: A substantive but still ill-defined major health issue, Yih-Kai Chan, Camilla Tuttle, Jocasta Clare Ball, Tiew-Hwa Katherine Teng, Yasmin Ahamed, Melinda Jane Carrington, and Simon Stewart

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New onset atrial fibrillation is associated with elevated galectin-3 levels, D. Chen, Nathan Procter, Vincent Goh, Saifei Liu, S. J. Chua, B Assadi-Khansari, Simon Stewart, John Horowitz, A. L. Sverdlov, and Doan Ngo

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A randomized controlled trial of clinician-supported problem-solving bibliotherapy for family caregivers of people with first-episode psychosis, Wai Tong Chien, David Robert Thompson, Dan I. Lubman, and Terence V. McCann

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Aspirin does not reduce the clinical benefits of the mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist eplerenone in patients with systolic heart failure and mild symptoms: An analysis of the EMPHASIS-HF study, Ken Lee Chin, Timothy J. Collier, Bertram Pitt, John J. V. McMurray, Karl Swedberg, Dirk J. van Veldhuisen, Stuart J. Pocock, John Vincent, Eva Turgonyi, Faiez Zannad, and Henry Krum

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What is the optimal amount of protein to support post-exercise skeletal muscle reconditioning in the older adult?, Tyler A. Churchward-Venne, Andrew M. Holwerda, Stuart M. Phillips, and Lucas J. C. Van Loon

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Thoracic and lumbar posture behaviour in sitting tasks and standing: Progressing the biomechanics from observations to measurements, Andrew P. Claus, Julie Anne Hides, G. Lorimer Moseley, and Paul W. Hodges

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Attenuated PGC-1a isoforms following endurance exercise with blood flow restriction, Miguel Soares Conceição, Mara Patricia Traina Chacon-Mikahil, Guilherme Defante Telles, Cleiton Augusto Libardi, Edson Manoel Mendes Junior, Felipe Cassaro Vechin, André Luis Lugani de Andrade, Arthur Fernandes Gáspari, Patricia Chakur Brum, Cláudia Regina Cavaglieri, Sara Serag, Bruce M. Spiegelman, John Alan Hawley, and Donny Michael Camera

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Impact of an 8-month trial using height-adjustable desks on children's classroom sitting patterns and markers of cardio-metabolic and musculoskeletal health, Ana María Contardo, Jo Salmon, Anna Timperio, Bronwyn Sudholz, Nicola D. Ridgers, Parneet Sethi, and David Dunstan

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Accuracy of anxiety and depression screening tools in heart transplant recipients, Aaron William Conway, Judith Sheridan, Joanne Maddicks-Law, Paul Richard Fulbrook, Chantal Ski, David Robert Thompson, and Lynn V. Doering

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Predictors and associations with outcomes of length of hospital stay in patients with acute heart failure: Results from VERITAS, Gad Cotter, Beth A. Davison, Olga Milo, Robert C. Bourge, John G. F. Cleland, Guillaume Jondeau, Henry Krum, Christopher M. O'Connor, Marco Metra, John D. Parker, Guillermo Torre-Amione, Dirk J. van Veldhuisen, Isaac Kobrin, Maurizio Rainisio, Stefanie Senger, Christopher Edwards, John J. V. McMurray, and John R. Teerlink

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Loop diuretics, renal function and clinical outcome in patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction, Kevin Damman, John Kjekshus, John Wikstrand, John G. F. Cleland, Michel Komajda, Hans Wedel, Finn Waagstein, and John J. V. McMurray

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Worsening renal function and outcome in heart failure patients with reduced and preserved ejection fraction and the impact of angiotensin receptor blocker treatment: data from the CHARM-study programme, Kevin Damman, Scott D. Solomon, Marc A. Pfeffer, Karl Swedberg, Salim Yusuf, James B. Young, Jean L. Rouleau, Christopher B. Granger, and John J. V. McMurray

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A new diagnosis of asthma or COPD is linked to smoking cessation - The Tromsø study, Signe Elise Danielsen, Maja-Lisa Løchen, Astri Medbø, Monica Linea Vold, and Hasse Melbye

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Congruence of the medical record and subject interview on time of symptom onset in patients diagnosed with acute coronary syndrome, Leslie L. Davis, Thomas P. McCoy, Barbara Riegel, Sharon McKinley, Lynn Doering, Kathleen Dracup, and Debra K. Moser

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Sitting less and moving more: Improved glycaemic control for type 2 diabetes prevention and management, Paddy C. Dempsey, Neville Owen, Thomas E. Yates, Bronwyn A. Kingwell, and David Wayne Dunstan

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Influence of Sacubitril/Valsartan (LCZ696) on 30-Day Readmission After Heart Failure Hospitalization, Akshay S. Desai, Brian L. Claggett, Milton Packer, Michael R. Zile, Jean L. Rouleau, Karl Sweberg, Victor Shi, Martin Lefkowitz, Randall Starling, John Teerlink, John J.V. McMurray, and Scott D. Solomon

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Factors associated with noncompletion during the run-in period before randomization and influence on the estimated benefit of LCZ696 in the PARADIGM-HF trial, Akshay S. Desai, Scott Solomon, Brian L. Claggett, John McMurray, Jean L. Rouleau, Karl Swedberg, Michael Zile, Martin P. Lefkowitz, Victor C. Shi, and Milton Packer

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Prevalence, incidence, risk factors and treatment of atrial fibrillation in Australia: The Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle (AusDiab) longitudinal, population cohort study, Ibrahima Diouf, Dianna J. Magliano, Melinda Jane Carrington, Simon Stewart, and Jonathan E. Shaw

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May bed rest cause greater muscle loss than limb immobilization? [accepted manuscript], Marlou L. Dirks, E. M. P. Backx, Benjamin T. Wall, Lex B. Verdijk, and Luc van Loon

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May bed rest cause greater muscle loss than limb immobilization?, Marlou L. Dirks, E. M. P. Backx, Benjamin T. Wall, Lex B. Verdijk, and Lucas Van Loon

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A single session of neuromuscular electrical stimulation does not augment postprandial muscle protein accretion [accepted manuscript], Marlou L. Dirks, Benjamin T. Wall, Irene Fleur Kramer, Antoine H. Zorenc, Joey P. B. Goessens, Annemie P. Gijsen, and Luc J. C. van Loon

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A single session of neuromuscular electrical stimulation does not augment postprandial muscle protein accretion, Marlou L. Dirks, Benjamin T. Wall, Irene Fleur Kramer, Antoine H. Zorenc, Joy P. B. Goessens, Annemie P. Gijsen, and Luc J. C. Van Loon

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One week of bed rest leads to substantial muscle atrophy and induces whole-body insulin resistance in the absence of skeletal muscle lipid accumulation, Marlou L. Dirks, Benjamin T. Wall, Bas van de Valk, Tanya M. Holloway, Graham P. Holloway, Adrian Chabowski, Gijs H. Goossens, and Luc J. C. van Loon

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Symptom trajectory and symptom burden in older people with multimorbidity, secondary outcome from the RCT AGe-FIT study, Jeanette Eckerblad, Kersti Theander, Anne W. Ekdahl, and Tiny Jaarsma

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SnapShot: Exercise metabolism, Brendan Egan, John Alan Hawley, and Juleen R. Zierath

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Long-Term Evaluation of the Ambulatory Geriatric Assessment: A Frailty Intervention Trial (AGe-FIT): Clinical Outcomes and Total Costs After 36 Months, Anne W. Ekdahl, Jenny Alwin, Jeanette Eckerblad, Magnus Husberg, Tiny Jaarsma, Amelie Lindh Mazya, Anna Milberg, Barbro Krevers, Mitra Unosson, Rolf Wiklund, and Per Carlsson

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Variation in hospital performance for heart failure management in the National Heart Failure Audit for England and Wales, Connor A. Emdin, Nathalie Conrad, Amit Kiran, Gholamreza Salimi-Khorshidi, Mark Woodward, Simon G. Anderson, Hamid Mohseni, Henry J. Dargie, Suzanna M. C. Hardman, Theresa McDonagh, John J. V. McMurray, John G. F. Cleland, and Kazem Rahimi

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Constipation in specialized palliative care: Factors related to constipation when applying different definitions, Eva Erichsen, Anna Milberg, Tiny Jaarsma, and Maria J. Friedrichsen

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The Muscle Metabolome Differs between Healthy and Frail Older Adults, Parastoo Fazelzadeh, Roland W. J. Hangelbroek, Michael Tieland, Lisette C. P. G. M. de Groot, Lex B. Verdijk, Luc J.C. Van Loon, Age K. Smilde, Rodrigo D. A. M. Alves, Jacques Vervoort, Michael Müller, John P. M. van Duynhoven, and Mark V. Boekschoten

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Renal function estimation and Cockroft-Gault formulas for predicting cardiovascular mortality in population-based, cardiovascular risk, heart failure and post-myocardial infarction cohorts: The Heart 'OMics' in AGEing (HOMAGE) and the high-risk myocardial infarction database initiatives, João Pedro Ferreira, Nicolas Girerd, Pierpaolo Pellicori, Kevin Duarte, Sophie Girerd, Marc A. Pfeffer, John J. V. McMurray, Bertram Pitt, Kenneth Dickstein, Lotte Jacobs, Jan A. Staessen, Javed Butler, Roberto Latini, Serge Masson, Alexandre Mebazaa, Hans Peter Brunner-La Rocca, Christian Delles, Stephane Heymans, Naveed Sattar, J. Wouter Jukema, John G. Cleland, Faiez Zannad, and Patrick Rossignol

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Sucrose ingestion after exhaustive exercise accelerates liver, but not muscle glycogen repletion compared with glucose ingestion in trained athletes, Cas J. Fuchs, Javier T. Gonzalez, Milou Beelen, Naomi M. Cermak, Fiona E. Smith, Pete E. Thelwall, Roy Taylor, Michael I. Trenell, Emma J. Stevenson, and Luc J. C. van Loon

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Associations of sedentary time patterns and TV viewing time with inflammatory and endothelial function biomarkers in children, Leigh Gabel, Nicola D. Ridgers, P. A. Della Gatta, Lauren Arundell, Ester Cerin, Sally Robinson, Rob Daly, David Wayne Dunstan, and Jo Salmon

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Liver glycogen metabolism during and after prolonged endurance-type exercise, Javier T. Gonzalez, Cas J. Fuchs, James A. Betts, and Luc J. C. Van Loon

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High-grade carotid artery stenosis: A forgotten area in cardiovascular risk management, Elin Good, Toste Länne, Elisabeth Wilhelm, Joep Perk, Tiny Jaarsma, and Ebo De Muinck

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Ingestion of wheat protein increases in vivo muscle protein synthesis rates in healthy older men in a randomized trial, Stefan H. M. Gorissen, Astrid M. H. Horstman, Rinske Franssen, Julie J. R. Crombag, Henning Langer, Jörgen Bierau, Frederique Respondek, and Luc J.C. Van Loon

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Low-volume intense exercise elicits post-exercise hypotension and subsequent hypervolemia, irrespective of which limbs are exercised, Matthew J. Graham, Samuel J. E. Lucas, Monique E. Francois, Stasinos Stavrianeas, Evelyn B. Parr, Kate N. Thomas, and James D. Cotter

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Increasing insulin availability does not augment postprandial muscle protein synthesis rates in healthy young and older men, Bart B. L. Groen, Astrid M. H. Horstman, Henrike M. Hamer, Michiel de Haan, Janneau van Kranenburg, Jörgen Bierau, Martijn Poeze, Will K. W. H. Wodzig, Blake B. Rasmussen, and Luc J. C. van Loon

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Exercise, physical activity, and sedentary behavior in the treatment of depression: Broadening the scientific perspectives and clinical opportunities, Mats A. Hallgren, Matthew P. Herring, Neville Owen, David Wayne Dunstan, Örjan Ekblom, Björg Helgadottir, Olivia Aya Nakitanda, and Yvonne Forsell

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Expression of protocadherin gamma in skeletal muscle tissue is associated with age and muscle weakness, Roland W. J. Hangelbroek, Parastoo Fazelzadeh, Michael Tieland, Mark V. Boekschoten, Guido J. E. J. Hooiveld, John P. M. van Duynhoven, James A. Timmons, Lex B. Verdijk, Lisette C. P. G. M. de Groot, Luc Van Loon, and Michael Müller

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No effect of multivitamin supplementation on central blood pressure in healthy older people: A randomized controlled trial, Elizabeth Valentine Harris, Renee Rowsell, Andrew Pipingas, and Helen Macpherson

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Severity of renal impairment in patients with heart failure and atrial fibrillation: implications for non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant dose adjustment, Nathaniel M. Hawkins, Pardeep S. Jhund, Andrea Pozzi, Eileen O'Meara, Scott D. Solomon, Christopher B. Granger, Salim Yusuf, Marc A. Pfeffer, Karl Swedberg, Mark C. Petrie, Sean A. Virani, and John J. V. McMurray

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Metabolism: One step forward for exercise, John Alan Hawley and Anna Krook

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Is a reduction in albuminuria associated with renal and cardiovascular protection? A post hoc analysis of the ALTITUDE trial, Hiddo J. L. Heerspink, T. Ninomiya, Frederik Persson, Barry M. Brenner, Patrick Brunel, Nish Chaturvedi, A. S. Desai, S. M. Haffner, John J. V. McMurray, S. D. Solomon, M. A. Pfeffer, Hans-Henrik Parving, and D. de Zeeuw

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Renal outcomes with aliskiren in patients with type 2 diabetes: A prespecified secondary analysis of the ALTITUDE randomised controlled trial, Hiddo J. L. Heerspink, Frederik Persson, Barry M.D. Brenner, Nish Chaturvedi, Patrick Brunel, John McMurray, Akshay S. Desai, Scott D. Solomon, Marc A. Pfeffer, Hans-Henrik Henrik Parving, and Dick de Zeeuw

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The effect of motor control training on abdominal muscle contraction during simulated weight bearing in elite cricketers, Julie Anne Hides, Timothy John Endicott, Marianne Dilani Mendis, and Warren Robert Stanton

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Changes in multifidus and abdominal muscle size in to response microgravity: Possible implications for low back pain research, Julie Anne Hides, Gunda Lambrecht, Warren Robert Stanton, and Volker Damann

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Association between altered motor control of trunk muscles and head and neck injuries in elite footballers - An exploratory study, Julie Anne Hides, Marianne Dilani Mendis, Melinda M. Franettovich Smith, Tanja Miokovic, Andrew John Cooper, and Nancy Low Choy

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The effect of low back pain on trunk muscle size/ function and hip strength in elite football (soccer) players, Julie Anne Hides, Tim Oostenbroek, Melinda M. Franettovich Smith, and Marianne Dilani Mendis

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A global view of pulmonary hypertension, Marius Hoeper, Marc Humbert, Rogerio Souza, Majdy Idrees, Steven M. Kawut, Karen Sliwa-Hahnle, Zhi-Cheng Jing, and J. Simon Gibbs

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Physical activity performed in the evening increases the overnight muscle protein synthetic response to presleep protein ingestion in older men, Andrew M. Holwerda, Imre W. K. Kouw, Jorn Trommelen, Shona L. Halson, Will K. W. H. Wodzig, Lex B. Verdijk, and Luc J. C. van Loon

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Body position modulates gastric emptying and affects the post-prandial rise in plasma amino acid concentrations following protein ingestion in humans, Andrew M. Holwerda, Kaatje Lenaerts, Jörgen Bierau, and Luc J.C. van Loon

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Is cancer cachexia attributed to impairments in basal or postprandial muscle protein metabolism?, Astrid M.H. Horstman, Steven W. Olde Damink, Annemie M. W. J. Schols, and Luc J.C. Van Loon

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Associations of Low-and High-Intensity Light Activity with Cardiometabolic Biomarkers, Patrick Howard, Kylie Smith, Fabienne Else, and Ellie Crookes

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Burden of diarrhea in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990-2013: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013, Khalil Ibrahim, Danny V. Colombara, Mohammad Hossein Forouzanfar, Christopher Troeger, Farah Daoud, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Puja C. Rao, Ashkan Afshin, Raghid Charara, Kalkidan Hassen Abate, Mohammed Magdy Abd El Razek, Foad Abd-Allah, Remon Abu-Elyazeed, Aliasghar Ahmad Kiadaliri, Ali Shafqat Akanda, Nadia Akseer, Khurshid Alam, Deena Alasfoor, Raghib Ali, Mohammad A. Al Mazroa, Mahmoud A. Alomari, Rajaa Mohammad Salem Al-Raddadi, Ubai Alsharif, Shirina Alsowaidi, Khalid A. Altirkawi, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Walid Ammar, Carl Abelardo T. Antonio, Hamid Asayesh, Rana Jawad Asghar, Suleman Atique, Ashish Awasthi, Umar Bacha, Alaa Badawi, Aleksandra Barac, Neeraj Bedi, Tolesa Bekele, Isabela M. Bensenor, Balem Demtsu Betsu, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Aref A. Bin Abdulhak, Zahid A. Butt, Hadi Danawi, Manisha Dubey, Aman Yesuf Endries, Imad D. A. Faghmous, Talha Farid, Maryam S. Farvid, Farshad Farzadfar, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Florian Fischer, Joseph Robert Anderson Fitchett, Katherine B. Gibney, Ibrahim Abdelmageem Mohamed Ginawi, Melkamu Dedefo Gishu, Harish Chander Gugnani, Rahul Gupta, Gessessew Bugssa Hailu, Randah Ribhi Hamadeh, Samer Hamidi, Hilda L. Harb, Mohammad T. Hedayati, Mohamed Hsairi, Abdullatif Husseini, Nader Jahanmehr, Mehdi Javanbakht, Tariku Jibat, Jost B. Jonas, Amir Kasaeian, Yousef Saleh Khader, Abdur Rahman Khan, Ejaz Ahmad Khan, Gulfaraz Khan, Tawfik Ahmed Muthafer Khoja, Yohannes Kinfu, Niranjan Kissoon, Ai Koyanagi, Aparna Lal, Asma Abdul Abdul Latif, Raimundas Lunevicius, Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek, Azeem Majeed, Reza Malekzadeh, Alem Mehari, Alemayehu B. Mekonnen, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Ziad A. Memish, Walter Mendoza, Awoke Misganaw, Layla Abdalla Ibrahim Mohamed, Jean B. Nachega, Quyen Le Nguyen, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Emmanuel Kwame Peprah, James A. Platts-Mills, Farshad Pourmalek, Mostafa Qorbani, Anwar Rafay, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Sajjad Ur Rahman, Rajesh Kumar Rai, Saleem M. Rana, Chhabi L. Ranabhat, Sowmya R. Rao, Amany H. Refaat, Mark Riddle, Gholamreza Roshandel, George Mugambage Ruhago, Muhammad Muhammad Saleh, Juan R. Sanabria, Monika Sawhney, Sadaf G. Sepanlou, Tesfaye Setegn, Karen Sliwa, Chandrashekhar T. Sreeramareddy, Bryan L. Sykes, Mohammad Tavakkoli, Bemnet Amare Tedla, Abdullah S. Terkawi, Kingsley Ukwaja, Olalekan A. Uthman, Ronny Westerman, Mamo Wubshet, Muluken A. Yenesew, Naohiro Yonemoto, Mustafa Z. Younis, Zoubida Zaidi, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Abdullah A. Al Rabeeah, Haidong Wang, Mohsen Naghavi, Theo Vos, Alan D. Lopez, Christopher J. L. Murray, and Ali H. Mokdad

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Perceptions about traditional and novel methods to learn about postoperative pain management: A qualitative study, Brynja Ingadottir, Katrin Blondal, Tiny Jaarsma, and Ingela Thylen

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Undiagnosed hypertension in a rural district in Bangladesh: The Bangladesh Population-based Diabetes and Eye Study (BPDES), Fakir M.A. Islam, A. Bhuiyan, R. Chakrabarti, Muhammad Aziz Rahman, Y. Kanagasingam, and Janet Esther Hiller

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The incremental prognostic and clinical value of multiple novel biomarkers in heart failure, Colette E. Jackson, Caroline Haig, Paul Welsh, Jonathan R. Dalzell, Ioannis K. Tsorlalis, Alex McConnachie, David Preiss, Stefan D. Anker, Naveed Sattar, Mark C. Petrie, Roy S. Gardner, and John J. V. McMurray

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Fluid restriction in patients with heart failure: How should we think?, Peter Johansson, Martje H. L. van der Wal, Anna Stromberg, Nana Waldreus, and Tiny Jaarsma

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Self-management interventions: Proposal and validation of a new operational definition, Nini H. Jonkman, Marieke J. Schuurmans, Tiny Jaarsma, Lillie M. Shortridge-Baggett, Arno W. Hoes, and Jaap C. A. Trappenburg

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What are effective program characteristics of self-management interventions in patientswith heart failure? An individual patient data meta-analysis, Nini H. Jonkman, Heleen Westland, Rolf H. H. Groenwold, Susanna Agren, Manuel Anguita, Lynda Blue, Pieta W. Bruggink-Andre de la Porte, Darren A. DeWalt, Paul L. Hebert, Michele Heisler, Tiny Jaarsma, Gertrudis I. J. M. Kempen, Marcia E. Leventhal, Dirk J. A. Lok, Jan Martensson, Javier Muniz, Haruka Otsu, Frank Peters-Klimm, Michael W. Rich, Barbara Riegel, Anna Stromberg, Ross T. Tsuyuki, Jaap C. A. Trappenburg, Marieke J. Schuurmans, and Arno W. Hoes

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Nitrate-rich vegetables increase plasma nitrate and nitrite concentrations and lower blood pressure in healthy adults, Kristin L. Jonvik, Jean Nyakayiru, Philippe J. M. Pinckaers, Joan M. G. Senden, Luc J. C. van Loon, and Lex B. Verdijk

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Habitual Dietary Nitrate Intake in Highly Trained Athletes, Kristin L. Jonvik, Jean Nyakayiru, Jan Willem van Dijk, Floris C. Wardenaar, Lucas Van Loon, and Lex B. Verdijk

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Global, regional, and national levels of maternal mortality, 1990-2015: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015, Nicholas J. Kassebaum

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How effective is an in-hospital heart failure self-care program in a Japanese setting? Lessons from a randomized controlled pilot study, Naoko P. Kato, Koichiro Kinugawa, Miho Sano, Asuka Kogure, Fumika Sakuragi, Kihoko Kobukata, Hiroshi Ohtsu, Sanae Wakita, Tiny Jaarsma, and Keiko Kazuma

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Integrity of the human faecal microbiota following long-term sample storage, Elahe Kia, Brett Wagner Mackenzie, Danielle Middleton, Anna Lau, David W. Waite, Gillian Lewis, Yih Kai Chan, Marta Silvestre, Garth J. S. Cooper, Sally D. Poppitt, and Michael W. Taylor

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The Science Committee of the Council of Cardiovascular Nursing and Allied Professions: Moving forward, Barbro Kjellstrom, Geraldine Lee, Rani Khatib, Romy Mahrer-Imhof, Philip Moons, Samar Noureddine, Sharon O'Donnell, Anna Stromberg, Margret H. Svavarsdottir, and Tiny Jaarsma

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mTORC2 and AMPK differentially regulate muscle triglyceride content via Perilipin 3, Maximilian Kleinert, Benjamin L. Parker, Rima Chaudhuri, Daniel J. Fazakerley, Annette Serup, Kristen C. Thomas, James R. Krycer, Lykke Sylow, Andreas M. Fritzen, Nolan John Hoffman, Jacob Jeppesen, Peter Schjerling, Markus A. Ruegg, Bente Kiens, David E. James, and Erik A. Richter

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Cardiac Troponin T and i Release after a 30-km Run, Lieke J. J. Klinkenberg, Peter Luyten, Noreen Van Der Linden, Kim Urgel, Daniëlle P. C. Snijders, Christian Knackstedt, Robert Dennert, Bastiaan L. J. H. Kietselaer, Alma M. A. Mingels, Eline P. M. Cardinaels, Frederique E. C. M. Peeters, Jeroen D. E. Van Suijlen, Joop Ten Kate, Elke Marsch, Thomas L. Theelen, Judith C. Sluimer, Kristiaan Wouters, Otto Bekers, Sebastiaan C. A. M. Bekkers, Luc Van Loon, Marja P. Van Dieijen-Visser, and Steven J. R. Meex

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Diurnal rhythm of cardiac troponin: Consequences for the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction, Lieke J. J. Klinkenberg, Karin Wildi, Noreen Van Der Linden, Imre W. K. Kouw, Marijke Niens, Raphael Twerenbold, Maria Rubini Gimenez, Christian Puelacher, Jean Daniel Neuhaus, Petra Hillinger, Thomas Nestelberger, Jasper Boeddinghaus, Karin Grimm, Zaid Sabti, Judith A. P. Bons, Jeroen D. E. Van Suijlen, Frans E. S. Tan, Joop Ten Kate, Otto Bekers, Luc Van Loon, Marja P. Van Dieijen-Visser, Christian Mueller, and Steven J. R. Meex

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Sexual counseling in patients with heart failure: A silent phenomenon: Results from a convergent parallel mixed method study, Nina Kolbe, Christiane Kugler, Wilfried Schnepp, and Tiny Jaarsma

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Sexual counseling in patients with heart failure: A silent phenomenon: Results from a convergent parallel mixed method study, Nina Kolbe, Christiane Kugler, Wilfried Schnepp, and Tiny Jaarsma

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Sodium nitrate co-ingestion with protein does not augment postprandial muscle protein synthesis rates in older, type 2 diabetes patients, Imre W. K. Kouw, Naomi M. Cermak, Nicholas A. Burd, Tyler A. Churchward-Venne, Joan M. Senden, Annemie P. Gijsen, and Luc J. C. van Loon