The Institute for Positive Psychology & Education (IPPE) brings together the world’s leading researchers and theorists to conduct rigorous, multi-disciplinary research to:

  • address critical educational and psychosocial issues
  • translate theory and research into effective policy and practice, and
  • demonstrate how people can not just succeed — but flourish and thrive.

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Submissions from 2016

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Math self-concept in preschool children: Structure, achievement relations, and generalizability across gender, A. Katrin Arens, Herbert Warren Marsh, Rhonda Gai Craven, Alexander Seeshing Yeung, Eva Randhawa, and Marcus Hasselhorn

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Examination of the structure and grade-related differentiation of multidimensional self-concept instruments for children using ESEM, A. Katrin Arens and Alexandre J. S. Morin

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Intervention to reduce recreational screen-time in adolescents: Outcomes and mediators from the 'Switch-Off 4 Healthy Minds' (S4HM) cluster randomized controlled trial, Mark J. Babic, Jordan J. Smith, Phillip J. Morgan, Christopher Sean Lonsdale, Ronald C. Plotnikoff, Narelle Eather, Geoff D. Skinner, Amanda L. Baker, Emma Pollock, and David R. Lubans

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Measuring self and rules in what people say: Exploring whether self-discrimination predicts long-term wellbeing, Paul William B. Bamkin and Robert G. Styles

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Controlling coaching behaviors and athlete burnout: Investigating the mediating roles of perfectionism and motivation, Kelly Barcza-Renner, Robert C. Eklund, Alexandre J. S. Morin, and Christine M. Habeeb

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Police officers who responded to 9/11: Comorbidity of PTSD, depression, and anxiety 10-11 years later, Rosemarie M. Bowler, Erica S. Komblith, Jiehui Li, Shane W. Adams, Vihra V. Gocheva, Ralf Schwarzer, and James E. Cone

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Mindfulness enhances episodic memory performance: Evidence from a multimethod investigation, Kirk Warren Brown, Robert J. Goodman, Richard Michael Ryan, and Bhikkhu Analayo

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Materialism, spending, and affect: An event-sampling study of marketplace behavior and its affective costs, Kirk Warren Brown, Tim Kasser, Richard M. Ryan, and James Konow

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Teacher ratings of the ADHD-RS IV in a community sample: Results from the ChiP-ARD Study, Herve M. Caci, Alexandre J. Morin, and Antoine Tran

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Editorial for positive computing: A new partnership between psychology, social sciences and technologists, Rafael A. Calvo, Dianne Vella-Brodrick, Pieter Desmet, and Richard Michael Ryan

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Stage-based computer-delivered interventions to increase condom use in young men, Telma Carvalho, Maria-Joao Alvarez, Cicero Pereira, and Ralf Schwarzer

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Contextualizing generic pedagogical knowledge through tension-focused reflection: A self-study, Zhu Chen

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Testing the factor structure and measurement invariance across gender of the big five inventory through exploratory structural equation modeling, Carlo Chiorri, Herbert Warren Marsh, Alessandro Ubbiali, and Deborah Donati

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The paradoxical role of perceived control in late life health behavior, Judith G. Chipperfield, Raymond P. Perry, Reinhard Pekrun, Petra Barchfeld, Frieder R. Lang, and Jeremy M. Hamm

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Contextual positive psychology: Policy recommendations for implementing positive psychology into schools, Joseph Ciarrochi, Paul W. Atkins, Louise L. Hayes, Baljinder Sahdra, and Phil Parker

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The development of compulsive internet use and mental health: A four-year study of adolescence, Joseph Ciarrochi, Phillip David Parker, Baljinder Kaur Sahdra, Sarah Louise Marshall, Chris Jackson, Andrew Gloster, and Patrick Charles Lionel Heaven

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Measures that make a difference: A functional contextualistic approach to optimizing psychological measurement in clinical research and practice, Joseph Ciarrochi, Robert D. Zettle, Robert Brockman, James Duguid, Phillip David Parker, Baljinder Kaur Sahdra, and Todd B. Kashdan

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Development and Validation of Research Scales for the Leadership Multi-rater Assessment of Personality (LMAP), Brian S. Connelly, Ronald A. Warren, Hyunji Kim, and Stefano Di Domenico

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Toward a positive psychology of indigenous thriving and reciprocal research partnership model, Rhonda Gai Craven, Richard Michael Ryan, Janet Mooney, Robert J. Vallerand, Anthony William Oswald Dillon, Fabri Blacklock, and Natasha R. Magson

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Nussbaum's capabilities and self-determination theory's basic psychological needs: Relating some fundamentals of human wellness, Cody R. DeHaan, Tadashi Hirai, and Richard Michael Ryan

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Impact of misspecifications of the latent variance-covariance and residual matrices on the class enumeration accuracy of growth mixture models, Thierno M. O. Diallo, Alexandre J. S. Morin, and HuiZhong Lu

Double reality shock' when becoming a teacher? The development and potential influencing factors of emotional exhaustion during teacher induction time, and after having worked as fully licensed teacher, Theresa Dicke, Doris Holzberger, Olga Kunina-Habenicht, Christina Linninger, Franziska Schulze-Stocker, Tina Seidel, Ewald Terhart, Detlev Leutner, and M. Kunter

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"Double reality shock" when becoming a teacher? The development and potential influencing factors of emotional exhaustion during teacher induction time, and after having worked as fully licensed teacher, Theresa Dicke, Doris Holzberger, Olga Kunina-Habenicht, Christina Linninger, Franziska Schulze-Stocker, Tina Seidel, Ewald Terhart, Detlev Leutner, and Mareike Kunter

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Basic psychological needs and neurophysiological responsiveness to decisional conflict: An event-related potential study of integrative self processes, Stefano I. Di Domenico, Ada Le, Yichuan Liu, Hasan Ayaz, and Marc A. Fournier

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Mindfulness and Coping with Stress: A Multi-Method Examination, James N. Donald

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Changes in return to work among patients in vocational rehabilitation: a self-determination theory perspective, Anders Farholm, Hallgeir Halvari, Christopher P. Niemiec, Geoffrey C. Willia, and Edward L. Deci

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How Regulatory Responses to Negative Emotion Are Related to Adolescent Mental Health: A Longitudinal Investigation, Loch Forsyth

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Measuring teachers' enjoyment, anger, and anxiety: The Teacher Emotions Scales (TES), Anne C. Frenzel, Reinhard Pekrun, Thomas Goetz, Lia M. Daniels, Tracy L. Durksen, Betty Becker-Kurz, and Robert M. Klassen

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A reciprocal effects model of children's body fat self-concept: Relations with physical self-concept and physical activity, Alex C. Garn, Alexandre J. S. Morin, Jeffrey Martin, Erin Centeio, Bo Shen, Noel Kulik, Cheryl Somers, and Nate McCaughtry

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Lung cancer treatment and mortality for Aboriginal people in New South Wales, Australia: Results from a population-based record linkage study and medical record audit, Alison Gibberd, Rajah Supramaniam, Anthony William Oswald Dillon, Bruce K. Armstrong, and Dianne L. O'Connell

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Interventions for improving medical students' interpersonal communication in medical consultations, Conor Gilligan, Erica L. James, Pamela Snow, Sue Outram, Bernadette M. Ward, Martine Powell, Chris Lonsdale, Anne M. Cushing, Jonathan Silverman, Tim Regan, Pam Harvey, and Marita C. Lynagh

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Intraindividual relations between achievement goals and discrete achievement emotions: An experience sampling approach, Thomas Goetz, Fabio Sticca, Reinhard Pekrun, Kou Murayama, and Andrew J. Elliot

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Fear of childbirth among nulliparous women: Relations with pain during delivery, post-traumatic stress symptoms, and postpartum depressive symptoms, P. Gosselin, K. Chabot, M. Beland, L. Goulet Gervais, and Alexandre Morin

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A heart and a mind: Self-distancing facilitates the association between heart rate variability, Igor Grossmann, Baljinder Kaur Sahdra, and Joseph Ciarrochi

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How does the economic crisis influence adolescents' happiness? Population-based surveys in Iceland in 2000-2010, Dora G. Gudmundsdóttir, Bryndís Björk Ásgeirsdóttir, Felicia Huppert, Inga D. Sigfúsdóttir, Unnur A. Valdimarsdóttir, and Arna Hauksdóttir

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The Relations Among Academic Motivation, Self-Concept, Aspirations and Choices: Integrating Expectancy-Value and Academic Self-Concept Theory, Jiesi Guo

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Probing the unique contributions of self-concept, task values, and their interactions using multiple value facets and multiple academic outcomes, Jiesi Guo, Benjamin Nagengast, Herbert Warren Marsh, Augustin Kelava, Hanna Gaspard, Holger Brandt, Jenna Cambria, Barbara Flunger, Anna-Lena Dicke, Isabelle Häfner, Brigitte Brisson, and Ulrich Trautwein

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The effect of resistance training on markers of immune function and inflammation in previously sedentary women recovering from breast cancer: A randomized controlled, Amanda D. Hagstrom, Paul W. M. Marshall, Chris Lonsdale, Shona Papalia, Birinder S. Cheema, Catherine Toben, Bernhard T. Baune, Maria A. Fiatarone Singh, and Simon Green

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Resistance training improves fatigue and quality of life in previously sedentary breast cancer survivors: a randomised controlled trial, Amanda Hagstrom, P. W. Marshall, Christopher Sean Lonsdale, B. S. Cheema, Maria Fiatarone Singh, and Simon Green

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Using intervention mapping to develop a theory-driven, group-based complex intervention to support self-management of osteoarthritis and low back pain (SOLAS), D. A. Hurley, Laura Currie Murphy, David Hayes, A. M. Hall, E. Toomey, S. M. McDonough, Christopher Sean Lonsdale, Nicola Walsh, S. Guerin, and James Matthews

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Theory-driven group-based complex intervention to support self-management of osteoarthritis and low back pain in primary care physiotherapy: Protocol for a cluster randomised controlled feasibility trial (SOLAS), Deidre A. Hurley, Amanda M. Hall, Laura Currie-Murphy, Tamar Pincus, Steve J. Kamper, Chris Maher, Suzanne M. McDonough, Chris Lonsdale, Nicola E. Walsh, Suzanne Guerin, Ricardo Segurado, and James Matthews

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Is belief in God Related to differences in adolescents' psychological functioning?, Lee M. Huuskes, Patrick Charles Lionel Heaven, Joseph Ciarrochi, Phillip David Parker, and Nerina Caltabiano

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Decision pattern analysis as a general framework for studying individual differences in decision making, Simon A. Jackson, Sabina Kleitman, Lazar Stankov, and Pauline Howie

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Private schooling, educational transitions, and early labour market outcomes: Evidence from three Anglophone countries, John Jerrim, Phillip D. Parker, Anna K. Chmielewski, and Jake Anders

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Effectiveness of a school-based mindfulness program for transdiagnostic prevention in young adolescents, Catherine Johnson, Christine Burke, Sally Brinkman, and Tracey Wade

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Does playing a sports active video game improve young children's ball skill competence?, Tara M. Johnson, Nicola D. Ridgers, Ryan M. Hulteen, Robin R. Mellecker, and Lisa M. Barnett

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Are commitment profiles stable and predictable? A latent transition analysis, Chester Kam, Alexandre J. S. Morin, John P. Meyer, and Laryssa Topolnytsky

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Culturalizing motivation research in educational psychology, Ronnel B. King and Dennis M. McInerney

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Do goals lead to outcomes or can it be the other way around?: Causal ordering of mastery goals, metacognitive strategies, and achievement, Ronnel B. King and Dennis M. McInerney

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The influence of controlled motivation alongside autonomous motivation: Maladaptive, buffering, or additive effects?, Edel Langan, Ken Hodge, Siobhan McGowan, Shane Carney, Valerie Saunders, and Christopher Sean Lonsdale

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Use of computer technology for English language learning: Do learning styles, gender, and age matter?, Cynthia Lee, Alexander Seeshing Yeung, and Tiffany Ip

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Measurement Invariance of the Self-Description Questionnaire II in a Chinese sample, Kim Chau Leung, Herbert Warren Marsh, Rhonda Gai Craven, and Adel S. Abduljabbar

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A randomized controlled trial of mentoring interventions for underrepresented minorities, Vivian Lewis, Camille A. Martina, Michael P. McDermott, Paula M. Trief, Steven R. Goodman, Gene D. Morse, Jennifer G. LaGuardia, Daryl Sharp, and Richard Michael Ryan

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Combining self-management cues with incentives to promote interdental cleaning among Indian periodontal disease outpatients, Pempa Lhakhang, Kyra Hamilton, Nayantara Sud, Shonali Sud, Jeroen Kroon, Nina Knoll, and Ralf Schwarzer

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Combining self-management cues with incentives to promote interdental cleaning among Indian periodontal disease outpatients, Pempa Lhakhang, Kyra Hamilton, Nayantara Sud, Shonali Sud, Jeroen Kroon, Nina Knoll, and Ralf Schwarzer

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Adaptive motivation and emotion in education: Research and principles for instructional design, Lisa Linnenbrink-Garcia, Erika A. Patall, and Reinhard Pekrun

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Intervention engagement moderates the dose-response relationships in a dietary intervention, Sonia Lippke, Jana M. Corbet, Daniela Lange, Linda Parschau, and Ralf Schwarzer

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An internet-supported physical activity intervention delivered in secondary schools located in low socio-economic status communities: Study protocol for the Activity and Motivation in Physical Education (AMPED) cluster randomized controlled trial, Chris Lonsdale, Aidan Lester, Katherine B. Owens, Rhiannon L. White, Ian Moyes, Louisa R. Peralta, Morwenna Kirwan, Anthony Maeder, Andrew Bennie, Freya MacMillan, Gregory S. Kolt, Nikos Ntoumanis, Jennifer M. Gore, Ester Cerin, Thierno M. O. Diallo, Dylan P. Cliff, and David R. Lubans

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Scaling-up an efficacious school-based physical activity intervention: Study protocol for the 'Internet-based Professional Learning to help teachers support Activity in Youth' (iPLAY) cluster randomized controlled trial and scale-up implementation ev, Christopher Sean Lonsdale, Taren Grant Sanders, Kristen E. Cohen, Philip Parker, Michael Noetel, Timothy Bryan Hartwig, Diego Vasconcellos, Morwenna Kirwan, Philip Morgan, Jo Salmon, Marj Moodie, Heather A. McKay, Andrew Bennie, Ron C. Plotnikoff, Renata Cinelli, David Anthony Greene, Louisa R. Peralta, Dylan Cliff, Gregory S. Kolt, Jennifer Gore, Lan Gao, and David Lubans

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Mediators of psychological well-being in adolescent boys, David R. Lubans, Jordan J. Smith, Philip J. Morgan, Mark R. Beauchamp, Andrew Miller, Christopher Sean Lonsdale, Phillip David Parker, and Kerry Dally

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A school-based intervention incorporating smartphone technology to improve health-related fitness among adolescents: Rationale and study protocol for the NEAT and ATLAS 2.0 cluster randomised controlled trial and dissemination study, David R. Lubans, Jordan J. Smith, Louisa R. Peralta, Ronald C. Plotnikoff, Anthony D. Okely, Jo Salmon, Narelle Eather, Deborah L. Dewar, Sarah Kennedy, Chris Lonsdale, Toni A. Hilland, Paul Estabrooks, Tara L. Finn, Emma Pollock, and Philip J. Morgan

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It is risky business: Can social capital reduce risk-taking behaviours among disadvantaged youth?, Natasha R. Magson, Rhonda Gai Craven, Geoff Munns, and Alexander Seeshing Yeung

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Development and validity of a very short form of the Eating Disorder Inventory, Christophe Maiano, Alexandre Morin, J. Monthuy-Blanc, J. M. Garbarino, and G. Ninot

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Prevalence of school bullying among youth with autism spectrum disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Christophe Maiano, Claude L. Normand, Marie Claude Salvas, Gregory Moullec, and Annie Aime

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Cross-cultural generalizability of year in school effects: Negative effects of acceleration and positive effects of retention on academic self-concept, Herbert Warren Marsh

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Temporal ordering effects of adolescent depression, relational aggression, and victimization over six waves: Fully latent reciprocal effects models, Herbert Warren Marsh, Rhonda G. Craven, Phil D. Parker, Roberto H. Parada, Jiesi Guo, Theresa Dicke, and Adel S. Abduljabbar

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Long-term positive effects of repeating a year in school: Six-year longitudinal study of self-beliefs, anxiety, social relations, school grades, and test scores, Herbert Warren Marsh, Phillip David Parker, Jiesi Guo, Theresa Dicke, Reinhard Pekrun, K. Murayama, and Stephanie Lichtenfeld

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Breaking the double-edged sword of effort/trying hard: Developmental equilibrium and longitudinal relations among effort, achievement, and academic self-concept, Herbert Warren Marsh, Reinhard Pekrun, Stephanie Lichtenfeld, Jiesi Guo, A. Katrin Arens, and Kou Murayama

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The benefits of benevolence: Basic psychological needs, beneficence, and the enhancement of well-being, Frank Martela and Richard M. Ryan

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Prosocial behavior increases well-being and vitality even without contact with the beneficiary: Causal and behavioral evidence, Frank Martela and Richard Michael Ryan

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Personal best (PB) goal structure, individual PB goals, engagement, and achievement: A study of Chinese- and English-speaking background students in Australian schools, Andrew J. Martin, Rebecca J. Collie, Magdalena M. C. Mok, and Dennis M. McInerney

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A person-centered approach to commitment research: Theory, research, and methodology, John P. Meyer and Alexandre J. S. Morin

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Cultural perspectives on Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian students' school motivation and engagement, Janet Mooney, Marjorie Seaton, Gurvinder Kaur, Herb Marsh, and Alex Yeung

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Further reflections on disentangling shape and level effects in person-centered analyses: An illustration exploring the dimensionality of psychological health, Alexandre Morin, Jean-Sebastien Boudrias, Herbert Warren Marsh, Isabelle Madore, and Pascale Desrumaux

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A bifactor exploratory structural equation modeling framework for the identification of distinct sources of construct-relevant psychometric multidimensionality, Alexandre J. S. Morin, A. Katrin Arens, and Herbert W. Marsh

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Exploring sources of construct-relevant multidimensionality in psychiatric measurement: A tutorial and illustration using the Composite Scale of Morningness, Alexandre J. S. Morin, A. Katrin Arens, Antoine Tran, and Herve Caci

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English validation of the short form of the Physical Self-Inventory (PSI-S), Alexandre J. S. Morin, Christophe Maiano, Rhiannon Lee White, Katherine B. Owen, Danielle Tracey, Nicolas Mascret, and Chris Lonsdale

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The music self-perception inventory: Development of a short form, Alexandre J. S. Morin, L. Francesca Scalas, Walter Vispoel, Herbert Warren Marsh, and Zhonglin Wen

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Don't aim too high for your kids: Parental overaspiration undermines students' learning in mathematics, Kou Murayama, Reinhard Pekrun Reinhard.Pekrun@acu.edu.au, Masayuki Suzuki, Herbert Warren Marsh, and Stephanie Lichtenfeld

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Developing a tool to identify therapeutic alliance in a health coaching weight-loss intervention program, A. Nagy, Anne T. McMahon, D. Arenson, Frank P. Deane, Joseph Ciarrochi, and Linda C. Tapsell

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Can it be good to set the bar high? The role of motivational regulation in moderating the link from high standards to academic well-being, Thuy-vy T. Nguyen and Edward Lewis Deci

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The relationship between physical activity and educational outcomes in adolescents, Katherine Owen

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Physical activity and school engagement in youth: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Katherine B. Owen, Philip D. Parker, Brooke Van Zanden, Freya MacMillan, T. Astell-Burt, and Christopher Sean Lonsdale

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What effect did the global financial crisis have upon youth wellbeing? Evidence from four Australian cohorts, Philip D. Parker, John Jerrim, and Jake Anders

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Does living closer to a university increase educational attainment? A longitudinal study of aspirations, university entry, and elite university enrolment of Australian youth, Phillip David Parker, John Jerrim, Jake Anders, and Thomas Astell-Burt

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A multination study of socioeconomic inequality in expectations for progression to higher education: The role of between-school tracking and ability stratification, Phillip D. Parker, John Jerrim, Ingrid Schoon, and Herbert W. Marsh

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A psychometric evaluation of the Gender Bias in Medical Education Scale, Rhiannon B. Parker, Philip D. Parker, Theresa Larkin, and Jon Cockburn

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What kind of future do we want for our children? Principal Health and Wellbeing Survey reveals a disturbing picture, Philip John Riley

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Linking trait-based phenotypes to prefrontal cortex activation during inhibitory control, Achala H. Rodrigo, Stefano I. Di Domenico, Bryanna Graves, Jaeger Lam, Hasan Ayaz, R. Michael Bagby, and Anthony C. Ruocco

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Emotion identification skill and social support during adolescence: A three-year longitudinal study, H. C. Rowsell, Joseph Ciarrochi, Frank P. Deane, and Patrick Charles Lionel Heaven

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Naturally good?: Basic psychological needs and the proximal and evolutionary bases of human benevolence, Richard Michael Ryan and Patricia Hawley

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Nonattachment and mindfulness: Related but distinct constructs, Baljinder Kaur Sahdra, Joseph Ciarrochi, and Phillip David Parker

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The quest for comparability: Studying the invariance of the teachers' sense of self-efficacy (TSES) measure across countries, Ronny Scherer, Malte Jansen, Trude Nilsen, Shaljan Areepattamannil, and Herbert Warren Marsh

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A PTSD symptoms trajectory mediates between exposure levels and emotional support in police responders to 9/11: A growth curve analysis, Karl Ralf Schwarzer, James E. Cone, Jiehui Li, and Rosemarie M. Bowler

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A PTSD symptoms trajectory mediates between exposure levels and emotional support in police responders to 9/11: a growth curve analysis, Ralf Schwarzer, James E. Cone, Jiehui Li, and Rosemarie M. Bowler

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Enhancing physical function in HIV-infected older adults: A randomized controlled clinical trial, Krupa N. Shah, Zahraa Majeed, Yilmaz B. Yoruk, Hongmei Yang, Tiffany N. Hilton, James M. McMahon, William J. Hall, Donna Walck, Amneris E. Luque, and Richard Michael Ryan

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Modeling indicators and outcomes of students' perceived teacher relatedness support in high school physical education, Cassandra Sparks, James A. Dimmock, Christopher Sean Lonsdale, and Ben Jackson

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Family partner intervention influences self-care confidence and treatment self-regulation in patients with heart failure, Kelly D. Stamp, Sandra B. Dunbar, Patricia C. Clark, Carolyn M. Reilly, Rebecca A. Gary, Melinda Higgins, and Richard Michael Ryan

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Toward a psychological atlas of the world with mixture modeling, Lazar Stankov and Jihyun Lee

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New faculty members' emotions: A mixed-method study, Robert H. Stupnisky, Reinhard Pekrun, and Stephanie Lichtenfeld