The Institute for Positive Psychology & Education (IPPE) brings together the world’s leading researchers and theorists to conduct rigorous, multi-disciplinary research to:

  • address critical educational and psychosocial issues
  • translate theory and research into effective policy and practice, and
  • demonstrate how people can not just succeed — but flourish and thrive.


Submissions from 2013


Thoughts on the genesis of self-determination theory, Richard Michael Ryan


The reciprocal relations between self-concept, motivation and achievement: juxtaposing academic self-concept and achievement goal orientations for mathematics success, Marjorie Seaton, Philip Parker, Herbert W. Marsh, Rhonda G. Craven, and Alexander S. Yeung


Self-concepts and educational outcomes of indigenous Australian students in urban and rural school settings, Alexander Seeshing Yeung, Rhonda G. Craven, and Jinnat Ali


The role of self-concept in medical education, Alexander Seeshing Yeung, Bingyi Li, Ian Wilson, and Rhonda G. Craven

Submissions from 2012


Beyond quantitative decline: Conceptual shifts in adolescents' development of interest in mathematics, Anne C. Frenzel, Reinhard Pekrun, Anna-Lena Dicke, and Thomas Goetz


Students' emotions during homework: Structures, self-concept antecedents, and achievement outcomes, Thomas Goetz, Ulrike E. Nett, Sarah E. Martiny, Nathan C. Hall, Reinhard Pekrun, Swantje Dettmers, and Ulrich Trautwein


Decolonising sociology curriculum: Using an online immersive learning environment to deliver cross-cultural training, Deirdre Howard-Wagner, Cat Kutay, Lynette Riley, and Janet Mooney


Fertile green: Green facilitates creative performance, Stephanie Lichtenfeld, Andrew J. Elliot, Markus A. Maier, and Reinhard Pekrun


Measuring students' emotions in the early years: The Achievement Emotions Questionnaire-Elementary School (AEQ-ES), Stephanie Lichtenfeld, Reinhard Pekrun, Robert H. Stupnisky, Kristina Reiss, and Kou Murayama


Studying 'a thousand miles away': The motivational implications of cross-cultural transitions, Dennis McInerney and Ronnel B. King


Teaching methods for modelling problems and students' task-specific enjoyment, value, interest and self-efficacy expectations, Stanislaw Schukajlow, Dominik Leiss, Reinhard Pekrun, Werner Blum, Marcel Muller, and Rudolf Messner


Relations between students' approaches to learning, experienced emotions and outcomes of learning, Keith Trigwell, Robert A. Ellis, and FeiFei Han


Assessing the impact of a university teaching development programme, Keith Trigwell, Katia Caballero Rodriguez, and FeiFei Han


Mastery goal, value and self-concept: what do they predict?, Alexander S. Yeung, Rhonda G. Craven, and Gurvinder Kaur

Submissions from 2011


Students' emotions during homework in mathematics: Testing a theoretical model of antecedents and achievement outcomes, Swantje Dettmers, Ulrich Trautwein, Oliver Ludtke, Thomas Goetz, Anne C. Frenzel, and Reinhard Pekrun


A 3 × 2 achievement goal model, Andrew J. Elliot, Kou Murayama, and Reinhard Pekrun

A new approach to reducing disorder and improving well-being, Felicia Huppert

Evidence for the independence of positive and negative well-being, Felicia Huppert and Joyce E. Whittington


Always look on the broad side of life: Happiness increases the breadth of sensory memory, Christof Kuhbandner, Stephanie Lichtenfeld, and Reinhard Pekrun


Read-out of emotional information from iconic memory: The longevity of threatening stimuli, Christof Kuhbandner, Bernhard Spitzer, and Reinhard Pekrun


Teacher enthusiasm: Dimensionality and context specificity, Marieke Kunter, Anne C. Frenzel, Gabriel Nagy, Jurgen Baumert, and Reinhard Pekrun


Students' emotions and academic engagement: Introduction to the special issue, Lisa Linnenbrink-Garcia and Reinhard Pekrun


Measuring emotions in students' learning and performance: The Achievement Emotions Questionnaire (AEQ), Reinhard Pekrun, Thomas Goetz, Anne C. Frenzel, Petra Barchfeld, and Raymond P. Perry

Submissions from 2009

Promoting social intelligence using the experiential role-play method, Linda L. Bilich and Joseph Ciarrochi

Cohesiveness, coach's interpersonal style and psychological needs: Their effects on self-determination and athletes' subjective well-being, Celine M. Blanchard, Catherine E. Amiot, Stephane Perreault, Robert J. Vallerand, and Pierre Provencher

Do employees’ needs moderate their reaction to supervisor’s empowerment practices?, Jean-Sebastian Boudrias, Maryse Landry-Gagne, Luc Brunet, and Alexandre J.S. Morin

Employee empowerment: From managerial practices to employees' behavioral empowerment, Jean-Sebastien Boudrias, Patrick Gaudreau, Andre Savoie, and Alexandre Morin

Neuropathological correlates of dementia in over-80-year-old brain donors from the population-based Cambridge city over-75s cohort (CC75C) study, Carol Brayne, Kathryn Richardson, Fiona E. Matthews, Jane Fleming, Sally Hunter, John H. Xuereb, Eugene S. Paykel, Elizabeta B. Mukaetova-Ladinska, Felicia Huppert, Angela O'Sullivan, and Tom Dening

When what one has is enough: Mindfulness, financial desire discrepancy, and subjective well-being, Kirk Warren Brown, Tim Kasser, Richard Michael Ryan, P. Alex Linley, and Kevin Orzech

Patient motivation and adherence to postsurgery rehabilitation exercise recommendations: The influence of physiotherapists' autonomy-supportive behaviors, Derwin K. Chan, Christopher Sean Lonsdale, Po Y. Ho, Patrick S. Yung, and Kai M. Chan

A longitudinal study into the link between adolescent personality and peer-rated likeability and adjustment: Evidence of gender differences, Joseph Ciarrochi and Patrick Charles Lionel Heaven

A longitudinal study into the interplay between problem orientation and adolescent well-being, Joseph Ciarrochi, Peter Leeson, and Patrick Charles Lionel Heaven

The literature, Rhonda Gai Craven

When winning is everything: On passion, identity, and aggression in sport, Eric G. Donahue, Blanka Rip, and Robert J. Vallerand

Role stressors and burnout: Effects of social relationships, Philippe Dubreuil, Marie-Christine Laughrea, Alexandre Morin, François Courcy, and Olivier Loiselle

Addressing the challenges faced by early adolescents: A mixed-method evaluation of the benefits of peer support, Louise Anne Ellis, Herbert Warren Marsh, and Rhonda Gai Craven

Trajectories of affective states in adolescent hockey players: Turning point and motivational antecedents, Patrick Gaudreau, Catherine E. Amiot, and Robert J. Vallerand

Motivational clusters and performance in a real-life setting, Nicolas Gillet, Robert J. Vallerand, and Elisabeth Rosnet

Using postgraduate students' evaluations of research experience to benchmark departments and faculties: Issues and challenges, Paul Ginns, Herbert Warren Marsh, Masud Behnia, Jaqueline H.S. Cheng, and L. Francesca Scalas

Self-efficacy and planning predict dietary behaviors in Costa Rican and South Korean women: Two moderated mediation analyses, Benicio Gutierrez-Dona, Sonia Lippke, Britta Renner, Sunkyo Kwon, and Karl Ralf Schwarzer


Effects of stress and psychosocial resources on anxiety, depression, and somatisation in Costa Rican workers, Benicio Gutierrez-Dona, Aleksandra Luszczynska, and Karl Ralf Schwarzer

Athlete engagement in elite sport: An exploratory investigation of antecedents and consequences, Ken Hodge, Christopher Sean Lonsdale, and Susan A. Jackson

The elite athlete as a business traveller/tourist, Ken Hodge, Christopher Sean Lonsdale, and Anton Oliver

Selbstwirksamkeitserwartung, Cynthia Hohmann and Karl Ralf Schwarzer

Clarifying the role of social comparison in the Big-Fish-Little-Pond Effect (BFLPE): An integrative Study, Pascal E. Huguet, Florence Dumas, Herbert Warren Marsh, Isabelle Regner, Ladd S. Wheeler, Jerry M. Suls, Marjorie Seaton, and John Nezlek


A new approach to reducing disorder and improving well-being, Felicia Huppert

What percentage of people in Europe are flourishing and what characterises them?, Felicia A. Huppert

Measuring well-being across Europe: Description of the ESS Well-being Module and preliminary findings, Felicia A. Huppert, Nic Marks, Andrew Clark, Johannes Siegrist, Alois Stutzer, Joar Vitterso, and Morten Wahrendorf

Can self-determination theory explain what underlies the productive, satisfying learning experiences of collectivistically oriented Korean students?, Hyungshim Jang, Johnmarshall Reeve, Richard Michael Ryan, and Ahyoung Kim

Information communication technology as a means of enhancing the well-being of older people, Daniel Johnson and Felicia Huppert

Transmission of depressive symptoms: A study with couples undergoing assisted-reporduction treatment, Nina Knoll, Karl Ralf Schwarzer, Bettina Pfuller, and Rolf Kienle

La theorie de l'autodetermination et le modele hierarchique de la motivation intrinseque et extrinseque: Perspectives integratives, Marc-Andre K. Lafreniere, Robert J. Vallerand, and Noemie Carbonneau

On the costs and benefits of gaming: The role of passion, Marc-Andre K. Lafreniere, Robert J. Vallerand, Eric G. Donahue, and Genevieve L. Lavigne

Cognitive health among older adults in the United States and in England, Kenneth M. Langa, David J. Llewellyn, Iain A. Lang, David R. Weir, Robert B. Wallace, Mohammed U. Kabeto, and Felicia A. Huppert

On the dynamic relationships between contextual (or general) and situational (or state) motivation toward exercise and physical activity: A longitudinal test of the top-down and bottom-up hypothesis, Genevieve L. Lavigne, Nicolas Hauw, Robert J. Vallerand, Philippe Brunel, Celine Blanchard, Isabelle Cadorette, and Christophe Angot

Substance abusers report being more alexithymic than others but do not show emotional processing deficits on a performance measure of alexithymia, Julie Lindsay and Joseph Ciarrochi

Self-efficacy moderates the mediation of intentions into behavior via plans, Sonia Lippke, Amelie U. Wiedemann, Jochen P. Ziegelmann, Tabea Reuter, and Karl Ralf Schwarzer

Validity of stage assessment in the adoption and maintenance of physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption, Sonia Lippke, Jochen P. Ziegelmann, Karl Ralf Schwarzer, and Wayne F. Velicer

Athlete burnout in elite sport: A self-determination perspective, Christopher Sean Lonsdale, Ken Hodge, and Elaine A. Rose

Self-determined motivation and students' physical activity during structured physical education lessons and free choice periods, Christopher Sean Lonsdale, Catherine M. Sabiston, Thomas D. Raedeke, Amy S.C. Ha, and Raymond K.W. Sum

On being yourself in different cultures: Ideal and actual self-concept, autonomy support, and well-being in China, Russia, and the United States, Martin F. Lynch, Jennifer G. La Guardia, and Richard Michael Ryan

On the development of harmonious and obsessive passion: The role of autonomy support, activity specialization, and identification with the activity, Genevieve A. Mageau, Robert J. Vallerand, Julie Charest, Sarah-Jeanne Salvy, Nathalie Lacaille, Therese Bouffard, and Richard Koestner

Assessment of physical self-concept in adolescents with intellectual disability: Content and factor validity of the very short form of the physical self-inventory, Christophe Maiano, Jerome Begarie, Alexandre Morin, and Gregory Ninot

The body image avoidance questionnaire: Assessment of its construct validity in a community sample of french adolescents, Christophe Maiano, Alexandre J.S. Morin, Johana Monthuy-Blanc, and Jean-Marie Garbarino

Eating disorders inventory: Assessment of its construct validity in a nonclinical French sample of adolescents, Christophe Maiano, Alexandre Morin, Johana Monthuy-Blanc, Jean-Marie Garbarino, and Yannick Stephan

Mental health consumers' perceptions of receiving recovery-focused services, Sarah Louise Marshall, Lindsay G. Oades, and Trevor P. Crowe

Doubly-latent models of school contextual effects: Integrating multilevel and structural equation approaches to control measurement and sampling error, Herbert Warren Marsh, Oliver Ludtke, Alexander Robitzsch, Ulrich Trautwein, Tihomir Asparouhov, Bengt Muthen, and Benjamin Nagengast

Classical latent profile analysis of academic self-concept dimensions: Synergy of person- and variable-centered approaches to theoretical models of self-concept, Herbert Warren Marsh, Oliver Ludtke, Ulrich Trautwein, and Alexandre Morin

Exploratory structural equation modeling, integrating CFA and EFA: Application to students' evaluations of university teaching, Herbert Warren Marsh, Bengt Muthen, Tihomir Asparouhov, Oliver Ludtke, Alexander Robitzsch, Alexandre Morin, and Ulrich Trautwein

Academic resilience and academic buoyancy: Multidimensional and hierarchical conceptual framing of causes, correlates and cognate constructs, Andrew J. Martin and Herbert Warren Marsh

A meta-analytic path analysis of the internal/ external frame of reference model of academic achievement and academic self-concept, Jens Moller, Britta Pohlmann, Olaf Koller, and Herbert Warren Marsh

Multiple targets of workplace affective commitment: Factor structure and measurement invariance of the Workplace Affective Commitment Multidimensional Questionnaire, Alexandre Morin, Isabelle Madore, Julien Morizot, Jean-Sebastien Boudrias, and Michel Tremblay

Education and trajectories of cognitive decline over 9 years in very old people: Methods and risk analysis, Graciela Muniz-Terrera, Fiona E. Matthews, Tom Dening, Felicia A. Huppert, and Carol Brayne

Autonomy, competence, and relatedness in the classroom: Applying self-determination theory to educational practice, Christopher P. Niemiec and Richard Michael Ryan

The path taken: Consequences of attaining intrinsic and extrinsic aspirations in post-college life, Christopher P. Niemiec, Richard Michael Ryan, and Edward L. Deci

Aspiring to physical health: The role of aspirations for physical health in facilitating long-term tobacco abstinence, Christopher P. Niemiec, Richard Michael Ryan, Edward L. Deci, and Geoffrey C. Williams


Coping and buoyancy in the workplace: Understanding their effects on teachers' work-related well-being and engagement, Philip D. Parker and Andrew J. Martin

Passion in referees: Examining their affective and cognitive experiences in sport situations, Frederick L. Philippe, Robert J. Vallerand, Joeline Andrianarisoa, and Philippe Brunel

Passion does make a difference in people's lives: A look at well-being in passionate and non-passionate individuals, Frederick L. Philippe, Robert J. Vallerand, and Genevieve L. Lavigne

Passion for driving and aggressive driving behavior: A look at their relationship, Frederick L. Philippe, Robert J. Vallerand, Isabelle Richer, Evelyne Vallieres, and Jacques Bergeron

The motivating role of violence in video games, Andrew K. Przybylski, Richard Michael Ryan, and C. Scott Rigby

Having to versus wanting to play: Background and consequences of harmonious versus obsessive engagement in video games, Andrew K. Przybylski, Netta Weinstein, Richard Michael Ryan, and C. Scott Rigby

A brief self-administered psychological intervention to improve well-being in patients with cancer: Results from a feasibility study, Pranathi Ramachandra, Sara Booth, Thirza Pieters, Kalliopi Vrotsou, and Felicia Huppert

The development and validation of the pictorial motivation scale in physical activity, Greg Reid, Robert J. Vallerand, Carole Poulin, and Peter Crocker

Long-term relations between intentions, planning, and exercise: A 3-year longitudinal study after orthopedic rehabilitation, Tabea Reuter, Jochen P. Ziegelmann, Sonia Lippke, and Karl Ralf Schwarzer

Verhalten und gesundheit, T. Reuter and Karl Ralf Schwarzer

The emotional and academic consequences of parental conditional regard: Comparing conditional positive regard, conditional negative regard, and autonomy support as parenting practices, Guy Roth, Avi Assor, Christopher P. Niemiec, Richard Michael Ryan, and Edward L. Deci


Promoting self-determined school engagement: Motivation, learning and well-being, Richard Michael Ryan and Edward L. Deci

Wellness as healthy functioning or wellness as happiness: The importance of eudaimonic thinking (response to the Kashdan et al. and Waterman discussion), Richard Michael Ryan and Veronika Huta

Self-determination theory in schools of education: Can an empirically supported framework also be critical and liberating?, Richard Michael Ryan and Christopher P. Niemiec

Undermining quality teaching and learning: A self-determination theory perspective on high-stakes testing, Richard Michael Ryan and Netta Weinstein


Self-determination theory and physical activity: The dynamics of motivation in development and wellness, Richard Michael Ryan, Geoffrey C. Williams, Heather Patrick, and Edward L. Deci

Planning and self-efficacy of participants in an online intervention for cessation motivated smokers [Forskningsetik i forskning som involverar barn: Etik som riskhantering och etik som Forskningspraktik], Lars Satow, Sonia Lippke, and Karl Ralf Schwarzer

Patterns of thinking in militant extremism, Gerard Saucier, Laura Geuy Akers, Seraphine Shen-Miller, Goran Knezevic, and Lazar Stankov

Predicting transitions from preintentional, intentional and actional stages of change, Benjamin Schuz, Falko F. Sniehotta, Natalie Mallach, Amelie U. Wiedemann, and Karl Ralf Schwarzer

Earning its place as a pan-human theory: Universality of the Big-Fish-Little-Pond Effect across 41 culturally and economically diverse countries, Marjorie Seaton, Herbert Warren Marsh, and Rhonda Gai Craven

Conservatism and cognitive ability, Lazar Stankov

Large-scale cross-cultural studies of cognitive and noncognitive constructs, Lazar Stankov

Realism of confidence judgments, Lazar Stankov, Jihyun Lee, and Insu Paek

Dimensions of cultural differences: Pancultural, ETiC/EMiC, and ecological approaches, Lazar Stankov and Joohyung Lee