The Institute for Positive Psychology & Education (IPPE) brings together the world’s leading researchers and theorists to conduct rigorous, multi-disciplinary research to:

  • address critical educational and psychosocial issues
  • translate theory and research into effective policy and practice, and
  • demonstrate how people can not just succeed — but flourish and thrive.

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Submissions from 2015

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Validity and reliability of field-based measures for assessing movement skill competency in lifelong physical activities: A systematic review, Ryan M. Hulteen, Natalie J. Lander, Philip J. Morgan, Lisa M. Barnett, Samuel J. Robertson, and David R. Lubans

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Supervised walking in comparison with fitness training for chronic back pain in physiotherapy : Results of the SWIFT single-blinded randomized controlled trial (ISRCTN17592092), Deirdre Hurley, Mark Tully, Chris Lonsdale, Colin Boreham, Willem van Mechelen, Leslie Daly, Aodan Tynan, and Suzanne McDonough

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Contrast and assimilation effects of dimensional comparisons in five subjects : An extension of the I/E Model, Malte Jansen, Ulrich Schroeders, Oliver Ludtke, and Herbert Marsh

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Socioeconomic inequality in access to high-status colleges: A cross-country comparison, John Jerrim, Anna K. Chmielewski, and Phil Parker

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Dorian Gray without his portrait: Psychological, social, and physical health costs associated with the Dark Triad, Peter Jonason, Holly Baughman, Gregory Carter, and Philip Parker

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Pathology, pseudopathology, and the Dark Triad of personality, Peter Jonason, Jasper Duineveld, and James Middleton

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Development and validation of the Australian Aboriginal racial identity and self-esteem survey for 8-12 year old children (IRISE_C), Cheryl Kickett-Tucker, Daniel Christensen, David Lawrence, Stephen Zubrick, Deborah Johnson, and Fiona Stanley

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Positive affect catalyzes academic engagement: Cross-sectional, longitudinal, and experimental evidence, Ronnel B. King, Dennis M. McInerney, Fraide A. Ganotice, and Jonalyn B. Villarosa

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Academic self-concept and achievement, Hau Kit-Tai and Herbert Warren Marsh

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Testing the multidimensionality of the inventory of school motivation in a Dutch student sample, Hanke Korpershoek, Kun Xu, Magdalena Mo Ching Mok, Dennis M. McInerney, and Greetje van der Werf

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Differential binding of colors to objects in memory: Red and yellow stick better than blue and green, Christof Kuhbandner, Bernhard Spitzer, Stephanie Lichtenfeld, and Reinhard Pekrun

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Social Physique Anxiety and Disturbed Eating Attitudes and Behaviors in Adolescents: Moderating Effects of Sport, Sport-Related Characteristics, and Gender, Marie-Christine Lanfranchi, Christophe Maiano, Alexandre J. S. Morin, and Pierre Therme

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Testing the effects of a self-determination theory-based intervention with youth Gaelic football coaches on athlete motivation and burnout, Edel Langan, John Toner, Catherine Blake, and Christopher Lonsdale

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A framework for cellecting inclusive design data for the UK population, Pat Langdon, Daniel Johnson, Felicia Huppert, and John Clarkson

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The interplay of intention, autonomy, and sex with dietary planning : A conditional process model to predict fruit and vegetable intake, Daniela Lange, Jana Corbett, Sonia Lippke, Nina Knoll, and Ralf Schwarzer

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Teacher perceptions of factors for successful inclusive early childhood education in Hong Kong, Frances Lai Mui Lee, Alexander Seeshing Yeung, Katrina Barker, Danielle Tracey, and Jesmond Fan

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Inclusion of children with special needs in early childhood education : What teacher characteristics matter, Frances Lai Mui Lee, Alexander Yeung, Danielle Tracey, and Katrina Barker

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Validity of social, moral and emotional facets of Self-Description Questionnaire II, Kim Leung, Herbert Marsh, Alexander Yeung, and Adel Abduljabbar

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Comparing a motivational and a self-regulatory intervention to adopt an oral self-care regimen : A two-sequential randomized crossover trial, Pempa Lhakhang, Maryam Gholami, Nina Knoll, and Ralf Schwarzer

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Evaluating brief motivational and self-regulatory hand hygiene interventions : A cross-over longitudinal design, Pempa Lhakhang, Sonia Lippke, Nina Knoll, and Ralf Schwarzer

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Assessing teachers' educational knowledge: Construct specification and validation using mixed methods, Christina Linninger, Olga Kunina-Habenicht, Simone Emmenlauer, Theresa Dicke, Franziska Schulze-Stocker, Detlev Leutner, Tina Seidel, Ewald Terhart, and Mareike Kunter

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Dropout intentions in PhD studies : A comprehensive model based on interpersonal relationships and motivational resources, David Litalien and Frederic Guay

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Teachers' knowledge about psychology: Development and validation of a test measuring theoretical foundations for teaching and its relation to instructional behavior, Hendrik Lohse-Bossenz, Olga Kunina-Habenicht, Theresa Dicke, Detlev Leutner, and Mareike Kunter

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Social cognitive theory, Aleksandra Luszczynska and Ralf Karl Schwarzer

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Body-related sport and exercise motives and disturbed eating attitudes and behaviours in adolescents, Christophe Maiano, Alexandre Morin, Marie-Christine Lanfranchi, and Pierre Therme

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Psychometric properties of the short form of the Physical Self-Description Questionnaire in a French adolescent sample, Christophe Maiano, Alexandre Morin, and Nicolas Mascret

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Cross-linguistic validity of the French and Dutch versions of the Very Short form of the Physical Self-Inventory among adolescents, Christophe Maiano, Alexandre Morin, and Michel Probst

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Cross-linguistic validity of the French and Dutch versions of the very short form of the physical self-inventory among adolescents, Christophe Maiano, Alexandre Morin, and Michel Probst

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Diminished neural responses predict enhanced intrinsic motivation and sensitivity to external incentive, Karen Marsden, Weiji Ma, Edward Deci, Richard Ryan, and Pearl Chiu

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Dimensional Comparison Theory : Paradoxical relations between self-beliefs and achievements in multiple domains, Herbert Marsh, Oliver Ludtke, Benjamin Nagengast, Ulrich Trautwein, Adel Abduljabbar, Faisal Abdelfattah, and Malte Jansen

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Physical self-concept changes in a selective sport high school: A longitudinal cohort-sequence analysis of the Big-Fish-Little-Pond effect, Herbert Marsh, Alexandre Morin, and Philip D. Parker

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The Internal/External Frame of Reference Model of Self-Concept and Achievement Relations : Age-Cohort and Cross-Cultural Differences, Herbert W. Marsh, Adel Abduljabbar, Philip D. Parker, Alexandre Morin, Faisal Abdelfattah, Benjamin Nagengast, Jens Moller, and Maher Abu-Hilal

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The Big-Fish-Little-Pond Effect: Generalizability of social comparison processes over two age cohorts from Western, Asian, and Middle Eastern Islamic countries, Herbert W. Marsh, Adel Salah Abduljabbar, Alexandre Morin, Philip Parker, Faisal Abdelfattah, Benjamin Nagengast, and Maher Abu-Hilal

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The internal/external frame of reference model of self-concept and achievement relations: Age-cohort and cross-cultural differences, Herbert W. Marsh, Adel Salah Abduljabbar, Philip D. Parker, Alexandre Morin, Faisal Abdelfattah, Benjamin Nagengast, Jens Moller, and Maher Abu-Hilal

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The Big-Fish-Little-Pond Effect, competence self-perceptions, and relativity: Substantive advances and methodological innovation, Herbert Warren Marsh and Marjorie Seaton

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Internal/external frame of reference model, Herbert W. Marsh, Jens Möller, Philip Parker, Man K. Xu, Benjamin Nagengast, and Reinhard Pekrun

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A brief report on the development of a theoretically-grounded intervention to promote patient autonomy and self-management of physiotherapy patients: Face validity and feasibility of implementation, Karen-Leigh Matthews, Mark Cook, and Jo-Ann Giandinoto

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Flourishing, languishing and moderate mental health: Prevalence and change in mental health during recovery from drug and alcohol problems, Breanna Joy McGaffin, Frank P. Deane, Peter J. Kelly, and Joseph Ciarrochi

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Exploring commitment and turnover intentions among teachers : What we can learn from Hong Kong teachers, Dennis Mclnerney, Fraide Ganotice, Ronnel King, Herbert Marsh, and Alexandre Morin

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Dual commitment to organization and supervisor: A person-centered approach, John Meyer, Alexandre Morin, and Christian Vandenberghe

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The bidirectional relationship between quality of life and eating disorder symptoms: A 9-year community-based study of Australian women, Deborah Mitchison, Alexandre Morin, Jonathan Mond, and Shameran Slewa-Younan

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Growth trajectories of mathematics achievement : Longitudinal tracking of student academic progress, Magdalena Mok, Dennis McInerney, Jinxin Zhu, and Anthony Or

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Longitudinal associations between employees' beliefs about the quality of the change management process, affective commitment to change and psychological empowerment, Alexandre J. S. Morin, John P. Meyer, Émilie Bélanger, Jean Sebastien Boudrias, Marylène Gagné, and Phillip David Parker

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Disentangling shape from level effects in person-centered analyses : An illustration based on university teachers' multidimensional profiles of effectiveness, Alexandre Morin and Herbert Marsh

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Profiles of dual commitment to the occupation and organization : Relations to well-being and turnover intentions, Alexandre Morin, John Meyer, Dennis McInerney, Herbert Marsh, and Fraide Ganotice Jr

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Tracking the elusive actual-ideal discrepancy model within latent subpopulations, Alexandre Morin, L. Francesca Scalas, and Herbert W. Marsh

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The curious case of climate change: Testing a theoretical model of epistemic beliefs, epistemic emotions, and complex learning, Krista R. Muis, Reinhard Pekrun, Gale M. Sinatra, Roger Azevedo, Gregory Trevors, Elisabeth Meier, Benjamin C. Heddy, and Benjamin

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How self-determined choice facilitates performance : A key role of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, Kou Murayama, Madoka Matsumoto, Keise Izuma, Ayaka Sugiura, Richard Ryan, Edward Deci, and Kenji Matsumoto

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Effect of a Self-Determination Theory-based communication skills training program on physiotherapists' psychological support for their patients with chronic low back pain : A randomized controlled trial, Aileen Murray, Amanda Hall, Geoffrey Williams, Suzanne McDonough, Nikolaos Ntoumanis, Ian Taylor, Ben Jackson, James Matthews, Deirdre Hurley, and Chris Lonsdale

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Cognitive load in algebra : Element interactivity in solving equations, Bing Ngu, Siu Chung, and See Yeung

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The importance of autonomy support and the mediating role of work motivation for well-being: Testing self-determination theory in a Chinese work organization, Youyan Nie, Bee Leng Chua, Alexander Seeshing Yeung, Richard M. Ryan, and Wai Yen Chan

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Will closing the achievement gap solve the problem? An analysis of primary and secondary effects for indigenous university entry, Philip D. Parker, Gawaian Bodkin-Andrews, Herbert Marsh, John Jerrim, and Ingrid Schoon

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I wish I had (not) taken a gap-year? The psychological and attainment outcomes of different post-school pathways, Philip D. Parker, Felix Thoemmes, Jasper Johannes Maria Duineveld, and Karariina Salmela-Aro

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The Achievement Emotions Questionnaire : Validation for pre-adolescent students, Francisco Peixoto, Lourdes Mata, Vera Monteiro, Cristina Sanches, and Reinhard Pekrun

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Introduction to mindfulness in organizations: Foundations, research, and applications, Jochen Reb and Paul William Bamkin Atkins

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Conditions of academic success for Aboriginal students in school, Lynette Riley

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Intensive meditation training influences emotional responses to suffering, Erika Rosenberg, Anthony Zanesco, Brandon King, Stephen Aichele, Tonya Jacobs, David Bridwell, Katherine MacLean, Philip Shaver, Emilio Ferrer, Baljinder Sahdra, Shiri Lavy, Alan Wallace, and Clifford Saron

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Did the Buddha have a self?, Richard Ryan and C Scott Rigby

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High-frequency heart rate variability linked to affiliation with a new group, Baljinder Sahdra, Joseph Ciarrochi, and Philip D. Parker

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Greener neighbourhoods, slimmer children? Evidence from 4423 participants aged 6 to 13 years in the Longitudinal Study of Australian children, Taren Sanders, Xiaoqi Feng, Paul Fahey, Chris Lonsdale, and Thomas Astell-Burt

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Green space and child weight status : Does outcome measurement matter? Evidence from an Australian longitudinal study, Taren Sanders, Xiaoqi Feng, Paul Fahey, Chris Lonsdale, and Thomas Astell-Burt

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The influence of neighbourhood green space on children's physical activity and screen time : Findings from the longitudinal study of Australian children, Taren Sanders, Xiaoqi Feng, Paul Fahey, Chris Lonsdale, and Thomas Astell-Burt

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The "why", "what", and "how" of healthy self-regulation: Mindfulness and well-being from a self-determination theory perspective, Patricia P. Schultz and Richard Michael Ryan

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Mindfulness, work climate, and psychological need satisfaction in employee well-being, Patricia Schultz, Richard Ryan, Christopher Niemiec, Nicole Legate, and Geoffrey Williams

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A brief intervention changing oral self-care, self-efficacy, and self-monitoring, Amutha Schwarzer, Carina Chan, Brian Oldenburg, Zanariah Hussien, and Kia Quek

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Health self-regulation, motivational and volitional aspects of, Ralf Karl Schwarzer

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Health action process approach, Ralf Karl Schwarzer and Aleksandra Luszczynska

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Self-beliefs and self-regulation in health behavior change, Ralf Karl Schwarzer and Aleksandra Luszczynska

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The reciprocal effects model revisited: Extending its reach to gifted students attending academically selective schools, Marjorie Seaton, Herbert W. Marsh, Philip D. Parker, Rhonda G. Craven, and Alexander S. Yeung

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Getting connected : High school physical education teacher behaviors that facilitate students relatedness support perceptions, Cassandra Sparks, James Dimmock, Peter Whipp, Chris Lonsdale, and Ben Jackson

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Four GLOBE dimensions of perceived social norms in 33 countries, Lazar Stankov

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Social axioms in 33 countries : Good replicability at the individual but less so at the country level, Lazar Stankov and Gerard Saucier

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A successful creative process: The role of passion and emotions, Ariane C. St-Louis and Robert J. Vallerand

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Interdisciplinary lifestyle intervention for weight management in a community population (HealthTrack study): Study design and baseline sample characteristics, Linda C. Tapsell, Maureen Lonergan, Allison Martin, Marijka J. Batterham, Elizabeth P. Neale, Joseph Ciarrochi, Frank Deane, Gregory Peoples, David Steel, Joanna Russell, Rebecca Thorne, Yasmine Probst, Anne McMahon, Kate Battocchio, Karen Charlton, Rhoda Ndanuko, Cinthya Wibisono, Stacey Fuller, and Krystal Sattler

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Phantom effects in school composition research : Consequences of failure to control biases due to measurement error in traditional multilevel models, Ioulia Televantou, Herbert Marsh, Leonidas Kyriakides, Benjamin Nagengast, John Fletcher, and Lars-Erik Malmberg

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Individual differences in cognitive biases: Evidence against one-factor theory of rationality, Predrag Teovanovic, Goran Knezevic, and Lazar Stankov

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The next frontier - advancing quality of life and self-determination by explicating the self-concepts of children with mild intellectual disabilities, Danielle Tracey, Rhonda G. Craven, and Herb Marsh

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The psychology of passion: A dualistic model, Robert Vallerand

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Self-concept: From unidimensional to multidimensional and beyond, Brooke Van Zanden, Herbert Warren Marsh, Marjorie Seaton, and Philip Parker

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Components of sleep quality as mediators of the relation between mindfulness and subjective vitality among older adults, Preston Visser, Jameson Hirsch, Kirk Brown, Richard Ryan, and Jan Moynihan

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Resilience in youth sport: A qualitative investigation of gymnastics coach and athlete perceptions, Rhiannon L. White and Andrew Bennie

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Validating measures of psychological flexibility in a population with acquired brain injury, Diane L. Whiting, Frank P. Deane, Joseph Ciarrochi, Hamish J. McLeod, and Grahame Simpson

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On the validation of the passion scale in Chinese, Yaxi Zhao, Ariane St-Louis, and Robert Vallerand

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The role of action control and action planning on fruit and vegetable consumption, Guangyu Zhou, Yiqun Gan, Miao Miao, Kyra Hamilton, Nina Knoll, and Ralf Schwarzer

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Improving hand hygiene behaviour among adolescents by a planning intervention, Guangyu Zhou, Tingting Jiang, Nina Knoll, and Ralf Schwarzer

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Facilitating sunscreen use among chinese young adults : Less-motivated persons benefit from a planning intervention, Guangyu Zhou, Liang Zhang, Nina Knoll, and Ralf Schwarzer

Submissions from 2014

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Using control-value theory to understand achievement emotions in medical education, Anthony R. Artino and Reinhard Pekrun

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Intrinsic motivations and open-ended development in animals, humans, and robots: An overview, G. T. Baldassarre, T. Stafford, M. Mirolli, P. Redgrave, Richard Michael Ryan, and A. Barto

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Bubalamai Bawa Gumada (Healing the Wounds of the Heart) :The search for resiliency against racism for Aboriginal Australian students, Gawaian Bodkin-Andrews and Rhonda G. Craven

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Directionality of the associations between psychological empowerment and behavioural involvement : A longitudinal autoregressive cross-lagged analysis, Jean-Sébastien Boudrias, Alexandre J. S. Morin, and Denis Lajoie

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Psychological flexibility is not a single dimension: The distinctive flexibility profiles of underweight, overweight, and obese people, Joseph Ciarrochi, Baljinder Sahdra, Sarah Marshall, Philip Parker, and Caroline Horwath

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Gender Differences in Psychosocial Determinants of University Students' Intentions to Buy Fair Trade Products, A. de Leeuw, Pierre Valois, Alexandre Morin, and Peter Schmidt

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Statistical power of latent growth curve models to detect quadratic growth, Thierno Diallo, Alexandre Morin, and Philip D. Parker

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Self-efficacy in classroom management, classroom disturbances, and emotional exhaustion: A moderated mediation analysis of teacher candidates, Theresa Dicke, Phillip David Parker, Herbert Warren Marsh, Mareike Kunter, Annett Schmeck, and Detlev Leutner

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Hierarchy formation and self-determination: A multi-method field study in university dormitories, Stefano I. Di Domenico and Marc A. Fournier

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Socioeconomic status, income inequality, and health complaints: A basic psychological needs perspective, Stefano I. Di Domenico and Marc A. Fournier

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Confusion can be beneficial for learning, Sidney D'Mello, Blair Lehman, Reinhard Pekrun, and Art Graesser

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Fired up with passion: Investigating how job autonomy and passion predict burnout at career start in teachers, Claude Fernet, Genevieve L. Lavigne, Robert J. Vallerand, and Stephanie Austin

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Relationship between passion and motivation for gaming in players of massively multiplayer online role-playing games, Hector Fuster, Andres Chamarro, Xavier Carbonell, and Robert J. Vallerand

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Types of boredom: An experience sampling approach, Thomas Goetz, Anne C. Frenzel, Nathan C. Hall, Ulrike E. Nett, Reinhard Pekrun, and Anastasiya A. Lipnevich