The Institute for Positive Psychology & Education (IPPE) brings together the world’s leading researchers and theorists to conduct rigorous, multi-disciplinary research to:

  • address critical educational and psychosocial issues
  • translate theory and research into effective policy and practice, and
  • demonstrate how people can not just succeed — but flourish and thrive.

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Submissions from 2015

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A framework for cellecting inclusive design data for the UK population, Pat Langdon, Daniel Johnson, Felicia Huppert, and John Clarkson

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The interplay of intention, autonomy, and sex with dietary planning : A conditional process model to predict fruit and vegetable intake, Daniela Lange, Jana Corbett, Sonia Lippke, Nina Knoll, and Ralf Schwarzer

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Teacher perceptions of factors for successful inclusive early childhood education in Hong Kong, Frances Lai Mui Lee, Alexander Seeshing Yeung, Katrina Barker, Danielle Tracey, and Jesmond Fan

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Inclusion of children with special needs in early childhood education : What teacher characteristics matter, Frances Lai Mui Lee, Alexander Yeung, Danielle Tracey, and Katrina Barker

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Validity of social, moral and emotional facets of Self-Description Questionnaire II, Kim Leung, Herbert Marsh, Alexander Yeung, and Adel Abduljabbar

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Comparing a motivational and a self-regulatory intervention to adopt an oral self-care regimen : A two-sequential randomized crossover trial, Pempa Lhakhang, Maryam Gholami, Nina Knoll, and Ralf Schwarzer

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Evaluating brief motivational and self-regulatory hand hygiene interventions : A cross-over longitudinal design, Pempa Lhakhang, Sonia Lippke, Nina Knoll, and Ralf Schwarzer

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Assessing teachers' educational knowledge: Construct specification and validation using mixed methods, Christina Linninger, Olga Kunina-Habenicht, Simone Emmenlauer, Theresa Dicke, Franziska Schulze-Stocker, Detlev Leutner, Tina Seidel, Ewald Terhart, and Mareike Kunter

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Dropout intentions in PhD studies : A comprehensive model based on interpersonal relationships and motivational resources, David Litalien and Frederic Guay

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Teachers' knowledge about psychology: Development and validation of a test measuring theoretical foundations for teaching and its relation to instructional behavior, Hendrik Lohse-Bossenz, Olga Kunina-Habenicht, Theresa Dicke, Detlev Leutner, and Mareike Kunter

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Social cognitive theory, Aleksandra Luszczynska and Ralf Karl Schwarzer

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Body-related sport and exercise motives and disturbed eating attitudes and behaviours in adolescents, Christophe Maiano, Alexandre Morin, Marie-Christine Lanfranchi, and Pierre Therme

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Psychometric properties of the short form of the Physical Self-Description Questionnaire in a French adolescent sample, Christophe Maiano, Alexandre Morin, and Nicolas Mascret

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Cross-linguistic validity of the French and Dutch versions of the Very Short form of the Physical Self-Inventory among adolescents, Christophe Maiano, Alexandre Morin, and Michel Probst

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Cross-linguistic validity of the French and Dutch versions of the very short form of the physical self-inventory among adolescents, Christophe Maiano, Alexandre Morin, and Michel Probst

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Diminished neural responses predict enhanced intrinsic motivation and sensitivity to external incentive, Karen Marsden, Weiji Ma, Edward Deci, Richard Ryan, and Pearl Chiu

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Dimensional Comparison Theory : Paradoxical relations between self-beliefs and achievements in multiple domains, Herbert Marsh, Oliver Ludtke, Benjamin Nagengast, Ulrich Trautwein, Adel Abduljabbar, Faisal Abdelfattah, and Malte Jansen

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Physical self-concept changes in a selective sport high school: A longitudinal cohort-sequence analysis of the Big-Fish-Little-Pond effect, Herbert Marsh, Alexandre Morin, and Philip D. Parker

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The Internal/External Frame of Reference Model of Self-Concept and Achievement Relations : Age-Cohort and Cross-Cultural Differences, Herbert W. Marsh, Adel Abduljabbar, Philip D. Parker, Alexandre Morin, Faisal Abdelfattah, Benjamin Nagengast, Jens Moller, and Maher Abu-Hilal

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The Big-Fish-Little-Pond Effect: Generalizability of social comparison processes over two age cohorts from Western, Asian, and Middle Eastern Islamic countries, Herbert W. Marsh, Adel Salah Abduljabbar, Alexandre Morin, Philip Parker, Faisal Abdelfattah, Benjamin Nagengast, and Maher Abu-Hilal

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The internal/external frame of reference model of self-concept and achievement relations: Age-cohort and cross-cultural differences, Herbert W. Marsh, Adel Salah Abduljabbar, Philip D. Parker, Alexandre Morin, Faisal Abdelfattah, Benjamin Nagengast, Jens Moller, and Maher Abu-Hilal

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The Big-Fish-Little-Pond Effect, competence self-perceptions, and relativity: Substantive advances and methodological innovation, Herbert Warren Marsh and Marjorie Seaton

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Internal/external frame of reference model, Herbert W. Marsh, Jens Möller, Philip Parker, Man K. Xu, Benjamin Nagengast, and Reinhard Pekrun

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A brief report on the development of a theoretically-grounded intervention to promote patient autonomy and self-management of physiotherapy patients: Face validity and feasibility of implementation, Karen-Leigh Matthews, Mark Cook, and Jo-Ann Giandinoto

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Flourishing, languishing and moderate mental health: Prevalence and change in mental health during recovery from drug and alcohol problems, Breanna Joy McGaffin, Frank P. Deane, Peter J. Kelly, and Joseph Ciarrochi

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Exploring commitment and turnover intentions among teachers : What we can learn from Hong Kong teachers, Dennis Mclnerney, Fraide Ganotice, Ronnel King, Herbert Marsh, and Alexandre Morin

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Dual commitment to organization and supervisor: A person-centered approach, John Meyer, Alexandre Morin, and Christian Vandenberghe

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The bidirectional relationship between quality of life and eating disorder symptoms: A 9-year community-based study of Australian women, Deborah Mitchison, Alexandre Morin, Jonathan Mond, and Shameran Slewa-Younan

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Growth trajectories of mathematics achievement : Longitudinal tracking of student academic progress, Magdalena Mok, Dennis McInerney, Jinxin Zhu, and Anthony Or

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Disentangling shape from level effects in person-centered analyses : An illustration based on university teachers' multidimensional profiles of effectiveness, Alexandre Morin and Herbert Marsh

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Profiles of dual commitment to the occupation and organization : Relations to well-being and turnover intentions, Alexandre Morin, John Meyer, Dennis McInerney, Herbert Marsh, and Fraide Ganotice Jr

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Tracking the elusive actual-ideal discrepancy model within latent subpopulations, Alexandre Morin, L. Francesca Scalas, and Herbert W. Marsh

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The curious case of climate change: Testing a theoretical model of epistemic beliefs, epistemic emotions, and complex learning, Krista R. Muis, Reinhard Pekrun, Gale M. Sinatra, Roger Azevedo, Gregory Trevors, Elisabeth Meier, Benjamin C. Heddy, and Benjamin

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How self-determined choice facilitates performance : A key role of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, Kou Murayama, Madoka Matsumoto, Keise Izuma, Ayaka Sugiura, Richard Ryan, Edward Deci, and Kenji Matsumoto

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Effect of a Self-Determination Theory-based communication skills training program on physiotherapists' psychological support for their patients with chronic low back pain : A randomized controlled trial, Aileen Murray, Amanda Hall, Geoffrey Williams, Suzanne McDonough, Nikolaos Ntoumanis, Ian Taylor, Ben Jackson, James Matthews, Deirdre Hurley, and Chris Lonsdale

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Cognitive load in algebra : Element interactivity in solving equations, Bing Ngu, Siu Chung, and See Yeung

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The importance of autonomy support and the mediating role of work motivation for well-being: Testing self-determination theory in a Chinese work organization, Youyan Nie, Bee Leng Chua, Alexander Seeshing Yeung, Richard M. Ryan, and Wai Yen Chan

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Will closing the achievement gap solve the problem? An analysis of primary and secondary effects for indigenous university entry, Philip D. Parker, Gawaian Bodkin-Andrews, Herbert Marsh, John Jerrim, and Ingrid Schoon

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I wish I had (not) taken a gap-year? The psychological and attainment outcomes of different post-school pathways, Philip D. Parker, Felix Thoemmes, Jasper Johannes Maria Duineveld, and Karariina Salmela-Aro

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The Achievement Emotions Questionnaire : Validation for pre-adolescent students, Francisco Peixoto, Lourdes Mata, Vera Monteiro, Cristina Sanches, and Reinhard Pekrun

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Introduction to mindfulness in organizations: Foundations, research, and applications, Jochen Reb and Paul William Bamkin Atkins

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Conditions of academic success for Aboriginal students in school, Lynette Riley

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Intensive meditation training influences emotional responses to suffering, Erika Rosenberg, Anthony Zanesco, Brandon King, Stephen Aichele, Tonya Jacobs, David Bridwell, Katherine MacLean, Philip Shaver, Emilio Ferrer, Baljinder Sahdra, Shiri Lavy, Alan Wallace, and Clifford Saron

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Did the Buddha have a self?, Richard Ryan and C Scott Rigby

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High-frequency heart rate variability linked to affiliation with a new group, Baljinder Sahdra, Joseph Ciarrochi, and Philip D. Parker

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Greener neighbourhoods, slimmer children? Evidence from 4423 participants aged 6 to 13 years in the Longitudinal Study of Australian children, Taren Sanders, Xiaoqi Feng, Paul Fahey, Chris Lonsdale, and Thomas Astell-Burt

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Green space and child weight status : Does outcome measurement matter? Evidence from an Australian longitudinal study, Taren Sanders, Xiaoqi Feng, Paul Fahey, Chris Lonsdale, and Thomas Astell-Burt

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The influence of neighbourhood green space on children's physical activity and screen time : Findings from the longitudinal study of Australian children, Taren Sanders, Xiaoqi Feng, Paul Fahey, Chris Lonsdale, and Thomas Astell-Burt

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The "why", "what", and "how" of healthy self-regulation: Mindfulness and well-being from a self-determination theory perspective, Patricia P. Schultz and Richard Michael Ryan

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Mindfulness, work climate, and psychological need satisfaction in employee well-being, Patricia Schultz, Richard Ryan, Christopher Niemiec, Nicole Legate, and Geoffrey Williams

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A brief intervention changing oral self-care, self-efficacy, and self-monitoring, Amutha Schwarzer, Carina Chan, Brian Oldenburg, Zanariah Hussien, and Kia Quek

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Health self-regulation, motivational and volitional aspects of, Ralf Karl Schwarzer

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Health action process approach, Ralf Karl Schwarzer and Aleksandra Luszczynska

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Self-beliefs and self-regulation in health behavior change, Ralf Karl Schwarzer and Aleksandra Luszczynska

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The reciprocal effects model revisited: Extending its reach to gifted students attending academically selective schools, Marjorie Seaton, Herbert W. Marsh, Philip D. Parker, Rhonda G. Craven, and Alexander S. Yeung

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Getting connected : High school physical education teacher behaviors that facilitate students relatedness support perceptions, Cassandra Sparks, James Dimmock, Peter Whipp, Chris Lonsdale, and Ben Jackson

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Four GLOBE dimensions of perceived social norms in 33 countries, Lazar Stankov

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Social axioms in 33 countries : Good replicability at the individual but less so at the country level, Lazar Stankov and Gerard Saucier

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A successful creative process: The role of passion and emotions, Ariane C. St-Louis and Robert J. Vallerand

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Phantom effects in school composition research : Consequences of failure to control biases due to measurement error in traditional multilevel models, Ioulia Televantou, Herbert Marsh, Leonidas Kyriakides, Benjamin Nagengast, John Fletcher, and Lars-Erik Malmberg

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Individual differences in cognitive biases: Evidence against one-factor theory of rationality, Predrag Teovanovic, Goran Knezevic, and Lazar Stankov

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The psychology of passion: A dualistic model, Robert Vallerand

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Self-concept: From unidimensional to multidimensional and beyond, Brooke Van Zanden, Herbert Warren Marsh, Marjorie Seaton, and Philip Parker

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Components of sleep quality as mediators of the relation between mindfulness and subjective vitality among older adults, Preston Visser, Jameson Hirsch, Kirk Brown, Richard Ryan, and Jan Moynihan

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Resilience in youth sport: A qualitative investigation of gymnastics coach and athlete perceptions, Rhiannon L. White and Andrew Bennie

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Validating measures of psychological flexibility in a population with acquired brain injury, Diane L. Whiting, Frank P. Deane, Joseph Ciarrochi, Hamish J. McLeod, and Grahame Simpson

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On the validation of the passion scale in Chinese, Yaxi Zhao, Ariane St-Louis, and Robert Vallerand

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The role of action control and action planning on fruit and vegetable consumption, Guangyu Zhou, Yiqun Gan, Miao Miao, Kyra Hamilton, Nina Knoll, and Ralf Schwarzer

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Improving hand hygiene behaviour among adolescents by a planning intervention, Guangyu Zhou, Tingting Jiang, Nina Knoll, and Ralf Schwarzer

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Facilitating sunscreen use among chinese young adults : Less-motivated persons benefit from a planning intervention, Guangyu Zhou, Liang Zhang, Nina Knoll, and Ralf Schwarzer

Submissions from 2014

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Using control-value theory to understand achievement emotions in medical education, Anthony R. Artino and Reinhard Pekrun

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Bubalamai Bawa Gumada (Healing the Wounds of the Heart) :The search for resiliency against racism for Aboriginal Australian students, Gawaian Bodkin-Andrews and Rhonda G. Craven

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Directionality of the associations between psychological empowerment and behavioural involvement : A longitudinal autoregressive cross-lagged analysis, Jean-Sébastien Boudrias, Alexandre J. S. Morin, and Denis Lajoie

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Psychological flexibility is not a single dimension: The distinctive flexibility profiles of underweight, overweight, and obese people, Joseph Ciarrochi, Baljinder Sahdra, Sarah Marshall, Philip Parker, and Caroline Horwath

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Gender Differences in Psychosocial Determinants of University Students' Intentions to Buy Fair Trade Products, A. de Leeuw, Pierre Valois, Alexandre Morin, and Peter Schmidt

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Statistical power of latent growth curve models to detect quadratic growth, Thierno Diallo, Alexandre Morin, and Philip D. Parker

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Socioeconomic status, income inequality, and health complaints: A basic psychological needs perspective, Stefano I. Di Domenico and Marc A. Fournier

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Confusion can be beneficial for learning, Sidney D'Mello, Blair Lehman, Reinhard Pekrun, and Art Graesser

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Types of boredom: An experience sampling approach, Thomas Goetz, Anne C. Frenzel, Nathan C. Hall, Ulrike E. Nett, Reinhard Pekrun, and Anastasiya A. Lipnevich

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Overcoming fixed mindsets: The role of affect, Julia S. Haager, Christof Kuhbandner, and Reinhard Pekrun

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On passion and heavy work investment : Personal and organizational outcomes, Nathalie Houlfort, Frederick Philippe, Robert Vallerand, and Julie Ménard

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The state of wellbeing science: Concepts, measures, interventions, and policies, Felicia Huppert

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Prevalence and sport-related predictors of disturbed eating attitudes and behaviors : Moderating effects of sex and age, Marie-Christine Lanfranchi, Christophe Maiano, Alexandre Morin, and Pierre Therme

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Social Physique Anxiety and Disturbed Eating Attitudes and Behaviors in Adolescents : Moderating Effects of Sport,Sport-Related Characteristics, and Gender, Marie-Christine Lanfranchi, Christophe Maiano, Alexandre Morin, and Pierre Therme

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A computerized lifestyle application to promote multiple health behaviors at the workplace: Testing its behavioral and psychological effects, Yuka Lippke, Kumiyo Inoue, Patrick Crookes, and Allison Shorten

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Prevalence and Correlates of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in adults from a French Community Sample, Alexandre Morin, Herve Caci, and Antoine Tran

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Investigating aboriginal perceptions of literacy needs: elucidating innovative approaches to engage aboriginal youth and adults in literacy learning, Anne Ndaba

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Enhancing emotional literacy: a critical case study of multiple stakeholders' perspectives and effects of a whole-school approach, Michelle A. Nemec

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If one goes up the other must come down: Examining ipsative relationships between math and English self-concept trajectories across high school, Philip D. Parker, Herbert Marsh, Alexandre Morin, Marjorie Seaton, and Brooke Van Zanden

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Memory suppression can help people "unlearn" behavioral responses-but only for nonemotional memories, Michiko Sakaki, Christof Kuhbandner, Mara Mather, and Reinhard Pekrun

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Measuring adolescent boys' physical activity : Bout length and the influence of accelerometer epoch length, Taren Sanders, Dylan Cliff, and Christopher Lonsdale

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Evaluating model fit with ordered categorical data within a measurement invariance framework : A comparison of estimators, Daniel Sass, Thomas Schmitt, and Herbert Marsh

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Importance models of the physical self: Improved methodology supports a normative-cultural importance model but not the individual importance model, L. Francesca Scalas, Alexandre Morin, Herbert Marsh, and Benjamin Nagengast

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Negative affect improves the quality of memories: Trading capacity for precision in sensory and working memory, Philipp Spachtholz, Christof Kuhbandner, and Reinhard Pekrun

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Intentionality, anger, coping and ego-defensiveness in reactive aggressive driving, Evelyne Vallieres, Robert Vallerand, Jacques Bergeron, and Pierre McDuff

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Teachers' self-concept and valuing of learning: Relations with teaching approaches and beliefs about students, Alexander Seeshing Yeung, Rhonda G. Craven, and Gurvinder Kaur

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Influences of mastery goal and perceived competence on educational outcomes, Alexander Seeshing Yeung, Rhonda Craven, and Gurvinder Kaur

Submissions from 2013

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A Brief Self-Regulatory Intervention Increases Dental Flossing in Adolescent Girls, Tim Gholami, Patrick Crookes, and Janette Curtis

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Do girls really experience more anxiety in mathematics?, Thomas Goetz, Madeleine Bieg, Oliver Ludtke, Reinhard Pekrun, and Nathan C. Hall

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Affective state influences retrieval-induced forgetting for integrated knowledge, Christof Kuhbandner and Reinhard Pekrun