Danilovich, H. & Croucher, R. (2011). Labour management in Belarus: Transcendent retrogression. Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics,27(2), 241-262. United Kingdom: Frank Cass Publishers. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/13523279.2011.564095
Labour management practices at enterprise level in Belarus are more negative for workers than those under the Soviet system. Welfare has largely disappeared, as has Soviet-style informal bargaining; wage payment may be in kind; training is minimal; job insecurity is extreme and trade unions perform a corporatist role. Thus, as Burawoy argued, ‘involutionary retrogression’ has indeed taken place, but in what may be denominated a ‘transcendent’ form.
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