The Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research aims to identify critical gaps within community and healthcare services, with an explicit goal to improve health outcomes (and a focus on vulnerable groups) via innovative individual, community and health service-focused programs.

The Nursing Research Institute undertakes multidisciplinary clinical and health services research that is focused on improving patient outcomes and health systems with a particular emphasis on implementation science research, that is the study of how to implement evidence based care. This research spans systematic reviews, trials, surveys, mixed-methods and qualitative research which a focus on:

  • Acute & Chronic Care
  • Stroke Care
  • Pressure Injury Prevention
  • Models of care

The Institute for Health and Ageing (IHA) is a multidisciplinary, Melbourne-based research institute focussing on both the positive and problematic aspects of ageing.

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Submissions from 2016

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Mindful of the intersession break in family therapy: The time to think experiment, Cathy O'Brien and Elisa Yule

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The effect of weight loss on Indigenous Australians with diabetes: A study of feasibility, acceptability and effectiveness of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding, Paul E. O'Brien, Dawn E. DeWitt, Cheryl E. Laurie, Leah Brennan, John M. Wentworth, Margaret Anderson, Kerin O'Dea, Felicia Dean, Andrew Smith, and David P. Dalton

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A systematic review of evidence-based assessment practices by allied health practitioners for children with cerebral palsy, Bridget O'Connor, Claire Frances Kerr, Nora Shields, and Christine Imms

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Rate of community treatment orders and readmission orders following reconfiguration of community mental health services, B. O'Donoghue, Lisa Brophy, Nicholas Owens, Milana Rasic, Belinda McCullough, Beatrice Huang, Ruth Vine, and Brian McKenna

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The family life course and health: Partnership, fertility histories, and later-life physical health trajectories in Australia, Martin O'Flaherty, Janeen Baxter, Michele A. Haynes, and Gavin Turrell

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Effects of sacubitril/valsartan in the PARADIGM-HF trial (prospective comparison of ARNI with ACEI to determine impact on global mortality and morbidity in heart failure) according to background therapy, Naoki Okumura, Pardeep Jhund, Jianjian Gong, Martin P. Lefkowitz, Adel R. Rizkala, Jean L. Rouleau, Victor C. Shi, Karl Swedberg, Michael R. Zile, Scott Solomon, Milton Packer, and John McMurray

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Importance of clinical worsening of heart failure treated in the outpatient setting: Evidence from the prospective comparison of ARNI with ACEI to determine impact on global mortality and morbidity in heart failure trial (PARADIGM-HF), Naoki Okumura, Pardeep Jhund, Jianjian Gong, Martin P. Lefkowitz, Adel R. Rizkala, Jean L. Rouleau, Victor C. Shi, Karl Swedberg, Michael R. Zile, Scott Solomon, Milton Packer, and John McMurray

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Improving the quality of care for children with wheeze: The use of electronic asthma action plans and electronic pre-school wheeze action plans, Fenton O'Leary, Ioannis Pegiazoglou, Tracey Marshall, Deepali Thosar, Mitchell Deck, Jennifer Peat, Joanna Ging, and Hiran Selvadurai

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Standard instruction versus simulation: Educating registered nurses in the early recognition of patient deterioration in paediatric critical care, Jessica O'Leary, Robyn Nash, and Peter Andrew Lewis

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Changes in bone mineral density in the year after critical illness, Neil R. Orford, Steven E. Lane, Michael Bailey, Julie A. Pasco, Claire Cattigan, Tania Elderkin, Sharon L. Brennan-Olsen, Rinaldo Bellomo, David J. Cooper, and Mark A. Kotowicz

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Physical activity and school engagement in youth: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Katherine B. Owen, Philip D. Parker, Brooke Van Zanden, Freya MacMillan, T. Astell-Burt, and Christopher Sean Lonsdale

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NEWS for Africa: Adaptation and reliability of a built environment questionnaire for physical activity in seven African countries, Adewale L. Oyeyemi, Sandra S. Kasoma, Vincent O. Onywera, Felix Assah, Rufus A. Adedoyin, Terry L. Conway, Sarah J. Moss, Reginald Ocansey, Tracy L. Kolbe-Alexander, Kingsley K. Akinroye, Antonio Prista, Richard Larouche, Kavita A. Gavand, Kelli L. Cain, Estelle V. Lambert, Richmond Aryeetey, Clare Bartels, Mark S. Tremblay, and James F. Sallis

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Rationale for and design of the TRUE-AHF trial: The effects of ularitide on the short-term clinical course and long-term mortality of patients with acute heart failure, Milton Packer, Richard Holcomb, William T. Abraham, Stefan D. Anker, Kenneth Dickstein, Gerasimos S. Filippatos, Henry Krum, Aldo Pietro Maggioni, John J. V. McMurray, Alexandre Mebazaa, Christopher M. O'Connor, Frank Peacock, Piotr P. Ponikowski, Frank Ruschitzka, Dirk J. van Veldhuisen, and Johannes Holzmeister

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Psychometric evaluation of disordered eating measures in bariatric surgery patients, Katrina Parker, Sarah Mitchell, Paul O'Brien, and Leah Brennan

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What effect did the global financial crisis have upon youth wellbeing? Evidence from four Australian cohorts, Philip D. Parker, John Jerrim, and Jake Anders

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A psychometric evaluation of the Gender Bias in Medical Education Scale, Rhiannon B. Parker, Philip D. Parker, Theresa Larkin, and Jon Cockburn

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Diacerein: Benefits, risks and place in the management of osteoarthritis. An opinion-based report from the ESCEO, Karel Pavelka, Olivier Bruyère, Cyrus Cooper, John A. Kanis, Burkhard F. Leeb, Emmanuel Maheu, Johanne Martel-Pelletier, Jordi Monfort, Jean-Pierre Pelletier, Rene Rizzoli, and Jean-Yves Reginster

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Smoking on the margins: A comprehensive analysis of a municipal outdoor smoke-free policy, Ann Pederson, C. T. Okoli, N. Hemsing, Renée O'Leary, Amanda Wiggins, Wendy Rice, Joan Bottorff, and L. Greaves

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An evaluation of staff transitioning from a combined adult/child emergency department to a new paediatric emergency department: A qualitative study, Alison Peeler, Paul Richard Fulbrook, Karen-Leigh Edward, and Frances B. Kinnear

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Increased mortality with elevated plasma endothelin-1 in acute heart failure: An ASCEND-HF biomarker substudy, Antonio L. Perez, Justin L. Grodin, Yuping Wu, Adrian F. Hernandez, Javed Butler, Marco Metra, G. Michael Felker, Adriaan A. Voors, John J. V. McMurray, Paul W. Armstrong, Randall C. Starling, Christopher M. O'Connor, and W. H. Wilson Tang

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Muscle atrophy in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Roles of inflammatory pathways, physical activity and exercise, Ben D. Perry, Marissa K. Caldow, Tara C. Brennan-Speranza, Melissa Sbaraglia, George Jerums, Andrew Garnham, Chiew Wong, Pazit Levinger, Muhammad Asrar ul Haq, David L. Hare, S. Russ Price, and Itamar Levinger

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Places where children are active: A longitudinal examination of children's physical activity, Cynthia K. Perry, Elizabeth Ackert, James F. Sallis, Karen Glanz, and Brian Saelens

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Further evidence for a parent-of-origin effect at the NOP9 locus on language-related phenotypes, Kerry A. Pettigrew, Emily Frinton, Ron Nudel, May T. M. Chan, Paul A. Thompson, Marianna E. Hayiou-Thomas, Joel B. Talcott, John Stein, Anthony P. Monaco, Charles Hulme, Margaret J. Snowling, Dianne F. Newbury, and Silvia Paracchini

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Reverse engineering a 'responsible drinking' campaign to assess strategic intent, Simone Pettigrew, Nicole Biagioni, Mike Daube, Julia Stafford, Sandra Carol Jones, and Tanya Chikritzhs

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Factors influencing young people's use of alcohol mixed with energy drinks, Simone Pettigrew, Nicole Biagioni, Sandra Carol Jones, Julia Stafford, Tanya Chikritzhs, and Michael Daube

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Lessons in uncertainty and humility - Clinical trials involving hypertension, Marc A. Pfeffer and John J. V. McMurray

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A review of current practices to increase chlamydia screening in the community: A consumer-centred social marketing perspective, Lyn Phillipson, Ross Gordon, Joanne Telenta, Christopher A. Magee, and Marty Janssen

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2016 European Guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice: The Sixth Joint Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and Other Societies on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Clinical Practice (constituted by represe, Massimo F. Piepoli, Arno W. Hoes, Stefan Agewall, Christian Albus, Carlos Brotons, Alberico L. Catapano, Marie Therese Cooney, Ugo Corra, Bernard Cosyns, Christi Deaton, Ian Graham, Michael Stephen Hall, F. D. Richard Hobbs, Maja-Lisa Loechen, Herbert Löllgen, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Joep Perk, Eva Prescott, Josep Redon, Dimitrios J. Richter, Naveed Sattar, Yvo Smulders, Monica Tiberi, H. Bart van der Worp, Ineke van Dis, and W. M. Monique Verschuren

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2016 European guidelines on Cardiovascular Diseases prevention in clinical practice the Sixth Joint Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and Other Societies on Cardiovascular Diseases Prevention in Clinical Practice (constituted by representatives of 10 societies and invited experts), Massimo F. Piepoli, Arno W. Hoes, Stefan Agewall, Christian Albus, Carlos Brotons, Alberico L. Catapano, Marie-Therese Cooney, Ugo Corra, Bernard Cosyns, Christi Deaton, Ian Graham, Michael Stephen Hall, F. D. Richard Hobbs, Maja-Lisa Loechen, Herbert Löllgen, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Joep Perk, Eva Prescott, Josep Redon, Dimitrios J. Richter, Naveed Sattar, Yvo Smulders, Monica Tiberi, H. Bart van der Worp, Ineke van Dis, W. M. Monique Verschuren, Guy De Backer, Marco Roffi, Victor Aboyans, Norbert Bachl, Héctor Bueno, Scipione Carerj, Leslie Cho, John Cox, Johan De Sutter, Günther Egidi, Miles Fisher, Donna Fitzsimmons, Oscar H. Franco, Maxime Guenoun, Catriona Jennings, Borut Jug, Paulus Kirchhof, Kornelia Kotseva, Gregory Y.H. Lip, Francois Mach, Giuseppe Mancia, Franz Martin Bermudo, Alessandro Mezzani, Alexander Niessner, Piotr Ponikowski, Bernhard Rauch, Lars Ryden, Adrienne Stauder, Guillaume Turc, Olov Wiklund, Stephan Windecker, and Jose Luis Zamorano

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Structural brain connectivity and the sit-to-stand-to-sit performance in individuals with nonspecific low back pain: A diffusion magnetic resonance imaging-based network analysis, Madelon Pijnenburg, S. M. Hadi Hosseini, Simon Brumagne, Lotte Janssens, Nina Goossens, and Karen Caeyenberghs

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Developing a conceptual framework for student learning during international community engagement, Matthew Pink, Youssef Taouk, Stephen Edward Guinea, Katie Maree Bunch, Karen Flowers, and Karen Nightingale

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Telerehabilitation in heart failure patients: The evidence and the pitfalls, Ewa Piotrowicz, Massimo F. Piepoli, Tiny Jaarsma, Ekaterini Lambrinou, Andrew J. S. Coats, Jean-Paul Schmid, Ugo Corra, Piergiuseppe Agostoni, Kenneth Dickstein, Petar M. Seferovic, Stamatis Adamopoulos, and Piotr P. Ponikowski

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2016 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure: The Task Force for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute and Chronic Heart Gailure of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), Piotr Ponikowski, Adriaan A. Voors, Stefan D. Anker, Héctor Bueno, John G. F. Cleland, Andrew J. S. Coats, Volkmar Falk, José Ramón González-Juanatey, Veli-Pekka Harjola, Ewa A. Jankowska, Mariell Jessup, Cecilia Linde, Petros Nihoyannopoulos, John T. Parissis, Burkert Pieske, Jillian P. Riley, Giuseppe M. C. Rosano, Luis Miguel Ruilope, Frank Ruschitzka, Frans H. Rutten, Peter van der Meer, Gerasimos S. Filippatos, John. J. V. McMurray, Victor Aboyans, Stephan Achenbach, Stefan Agewall, Nawwar Al-Attar, John J. Atherton, Johann Bauersachs, A. John Camm, Scipione Carerj, Claudio Ceconi, Antonio Coca, Perry Elliott, Çetin Erol, Justin A. Ezekowitz, Covadonga Fernández-Golfín, Donna Fitzsimmons, Marco Guazzi, Maxime Guenoun, Gerd Hasenfuss, Gerhard Hindricks, Arno W. Hoes, Bernard Iung, Tiny Jaarsma, Paulus Kirchhof, Juhani Knuuti, Philippe Kolh, Stavros Konstantinides, Mitja Lainscak, Patrizio Lancellotti, Gregory Y. H. Lip, Francesco Maisano, Christian Mueller, Mark C. Petrie, Massimo F. Piepoli, Silvia G. Priori, Adam Torbicki, Hiroyuki Tsutsui, Dirk J. van Veldhuisen, Stephan Windecker, Clyde Yancy, and Jose Luis Zamorano

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Platelet hyperaggregability in patients with atrial fibrillation, Nathan Procter, Jocasta Ball, Doan Ngo, Yuliy Chirkov, Jeffrey Isenberg, Elaine Hylek, Simon Stewart, and John Horowitz

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New-onset atrial fibrillation and thromboembolic risk: Cardiovascular syzygy?, Nathan Procter, Simon Stewart, and John Horowitz

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Population prevalence of personality disorder and associations with physical health comorbidities and health care service utlization: A Review, Shae E. Quirk, Michael Berk, Andrew M. Chanen, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen, Sharon L. Brennan-Olsen, Julie A. Pasco, and Lana J. Williams

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Physical health comorbidities in women with personality disorder: Data from the Geelong Osteoporosis Study, Shae Quirk, Amanda L. Stuart, Sharon Brennan-Olsen, Julie Pasco, Michael Berk, Andrew Chanen, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen, Mark Kotowicz, P. S. Lukkala, and Lana J. Williams

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School-based youth physical activity promotion: Thoughts and beliefs of pre-service physical education teachers, Jerome Nikolaos Rachele, Thomas F. Cuddihy, Tracy L. Washington, and Steven M. McPhail

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Neighbourhood disadvantage and self-reported type 2 diabetes, heart disease and comorbidity: A cross-sectional multilevel study, Jerome Nikolaos Rachele, Billie Giles-Corti, and Gavin Turrell

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Associations between physical activity and the neighbourhood social environment: Baseline results from the HABITAT multilevel study, Jerome Nikolaos Rachele, Fatima Ghani Gonzalo, Venurs Hui Yee Loh, Wendy J. Brown, and Gavin Turrell

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Neighbourhood disadvantage and smoking: Examining the role of neighbourhood-level psychosocial characteristics, Jerome Nikolaos Rachele, Lisa Wood, Andrea Grace Nathan, Katrina Giskes, and Gavin Turrell

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Is there any gender difference for smoking persistence or relapse following diagnosis or hospitalization for coronary heart disease? Evidence from a systematic review and meta-analysis, Muhammad Aziz Rahman, Karen-Leigh Edward, Laura Montgomery, Samantha Marie McEvedy, Andrew Wilson, and Linda Worrall-Carter

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Recurrence of bilateral atypical femoral fractures associated with the sequential use of teriparatide and denosumab: A case report, S. K. Ramchand, C. Y. Chiang, R. M. Zebaze, and Ego Seeman

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Regain in body mass after weigh-in is linked to success in real life judo competition, Reid Reale, Gregory R. Cox, Gary Slater, and Louise Burke

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Does changing the plane of abduction influence shoulder muscle recruitment patterns in healthy individuals?, Darren Reed, Ian Richard Cathers, Mark Halaki, and Karen A. Ginn

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Does load influence shoulder muscle recruitment patterns during scapular plane abduction?, Darren Reed, Ian Richard Cathers, Mark Halaki, and Karen A. Ginn

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White matter microstructure and cognitive function in young women with polycystic ovary syndrome, D. Aled Rees, Maneesh Udiawar, Rok Berlot, Derek Kenton Jones, and Michael J. O'Sullivan

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Recommendations for the conduct of clinical trials for drugs to treat or prevent sarcopenia, Jean Yves Reginster, Cyrus Cooper, Rene Rizzoli, John A. Kanis, Geoff Appelboom, Ivan Bautmans, Heike A. Bischoff-Ferrari, Maarten Boers, Maria Luisa Brandi, Olivier Bruyère, Antonio Cherubini, Bruno Flamion, Roger A. Fielding, Andrea Ildiko Gasparik, Lucas Van Loon, Eugene McCloskey, Bruce Mitlak, Alberto Pilotto, Suzanne Reiter-Niesert, Yves Rolland, Yannis Tsouderos, Marjolein Visser, and Alfonso J. Cruz-Jentoft

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Moderated online social therapy for depression relapse prevention in young people: Pilot study of a 'next generation' online intervention, Simon Rice, John Gleeson, Christopher G. Davey, Sarah Hetrick, Alexandra Parker, Reeva Lederman, Greg Wadley, Greg Murray, Helen Herrman, Richard Chambers, Penni Russon, Christopher Miles, Simon D'Alfonso, Melissa Thurley, Gina Chinnery, Tamsyn Gilbertson, Dina Eleftheriadis, Emma Barlow, Daniella Cagliarini, Jia-Wern Toh, Stuart Mcalpine, Peter Koval, Sarah Bendall, Jens Einar Jansen, Matthew Hamilton, Patrick McGorry, and Mario Alvarez-Jimenez

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Conformity to masculine norms and the mediating roles of internalised shame on men's depression: Findings from an Australian community sample, Simon M. Rice, Helen M. Aucote, Anne Maria Moller-Leimkuhler, Alexandra G. Parker, Ryan A. Kaplan, Zac E. Seidler, Haryana M. Dhillon, and G. Paul Amminger

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Effectiveness of motivational interviewing in decreasing hospital readmission in adults with heart failure and multimorbidity, Barbara Riegel, Ruth Masterson Creber, Julia Hill, Jesse Chittams, and Linda Hoke

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A qualitative secondary data analysis of intentional and unintentional medication nonadherence in adults with chronic heart failure, Barbara Riegel and Victoria Vaughan Dickson

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Impact of incident myocardial infarction on the risk of venous thromboembolism: The Tromsø Study, L. B. Rinde, C. Lind, B. Smabrekke, I. Njølstad, E. B. Mathiesen, T. Wilsgaard, Maja-Lisa Løchen, E. M. Hald, A. Vik, Sigrid K. Braekkan, and J.-B. Hansen

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A conceptual schema for government purchasing arrangements for Australian alcohol and other drug treatment, Alison Ritter, Philip Hull, Lynda Beverley Berends, Jenny Chalmers, and Kari Lancaster

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Comparative policy analysis for alcohol and drugs: Current state of the field, Alison Ritter, Michael H. Livingston, Jenny Chalmers, Lynda Berends, and Peter Reuter

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Nasal high-flow therapy for primary respiratory support in preterm infants, Calum T. Roberts, Louise S. Owen, Brett J. Manley, Dag H. Frøisland, Susan M. Donath, Kim M. Dalziel, Margo Pritchard, David W. Cartwright, Clare L. Collins, Atul Malhotra, and Peter G. Davis

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Nurses' perceptions of a pressure ulcer prevention care bundle: A qualitative descriptive study, Shelly Roberts, Elizabeth McInnes, Marianne Wallis, Tracey Bucknall, Merrilyn Banks, and Wendy Chaboyer

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Parent diet quality and energy intake are related to child diet quality and energy intake, Shannon M. Robson, Sarah C. Couch, James L. Peugh, Karen Glanz, Chuan Zhou, James F. Sallis, and Brian E. Saelens

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Regulated and unregulated nurses in the acute hospital setting: Tasks performed, delayed or not completed, Michael Anthony Roche, Christine Duffield, and Sarah Friedman

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Changes to nurses' practice environment over time, Michael Anthony Roche, Christine Duffield, Sarah Friedman, and Di Twigg

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Adolescents' perspectives on food literacy and its impact on their dietary behaviours, Rimante Ronto, Lauren Ball, Donna Pendergast, and Neil Harris

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Food Literacy at Secondary Schools in Australia, Rimante Ronto, Lauren Ball, Donna Pendergast, and Neil D. Harris

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Return to the workforce after first hospitalization for heart failure: A Danish nationwide cohort study, Rasmus Rørth, Chih Wong, Kristian Kragholm, Emil L. Fosbøl, Ulrik M. Mogensen, Morten Lamberts, Mark C. Petrie, Pardeep Jhund, Thomas A. Gerds, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Gunnar H. Gislason, John McMurray, Lars Kober, and Søren L. Kristensen

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Comparing multi-modality and constraint-induced treatment for aphasia : A preliminary investigation of generalisation to discourse, Miranda Rose, Zaneta Mok, Marcella Carragher, Sarah Katthagen, and Michelle Attard

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Endothelial dysfunction as a link between cardiovascular risk factors and peripheral neuropathy in diabetes, Matthieu Roustit, Jordan Loader, Carly Deusenbery, Dimitrios Baltzis, and Aristidis Veves

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Engineering Online and In-Person Social Networks for Physical Activity: A Randomized Trial, Liza S. Rovniak, Lan Kong, Melbourne F. Hovell, Ding Ding, James F. Sallis, Chester A. Ray, Jennifer L. Kraschnewski, Stephen A. Matthews, Elizabeth Kiser, Vernon M. Chinchilli, Daniel R. George, and Christopher N. Sciamanna

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Hyperoxia increases arterial oxygen pressure during exercise in type 2 diabetes patients: A feasibility study, Robert Rozenberg, Robert T. Mankowski, Luc van Loon, Janneke G. Langendonk, Eric J. G. Sijbrands, Anton H. van den Meiracker, Henk J. Stam, and Stephan F. E. Praet

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Coupling of online control and inhibitory systems in children with atypical motor development: A growth curve modelling study, Scott Ruddock, Karen Caeyenberghs, Jan Piek, David Sugden, Christian Hyde, Sue Morris, Daniela Rigoli, Bert Steenbergen, and Peter Wilson

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Variation in psychosocial influences according to the dimensions and content of children's unusual experiences: Potential routes for the development of targeted interventions, Tamatha Ruffell, Matilda Azis, Nedah Hassanali, Catherine Ames, Sophie Browning, Karen Bracegirdle, Richard Corrigall, Kristin R. Laurens, Colette Hirsch, Elizabeth Kuipers, Lucy Maddox, and Suzanne Jolley

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We are what we eat: How food is represented in our mind/brain, Raffaella I. Rumiati and Francesco Foroni

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Lexical-semantic deficits in processing food and non-food items, Raffaella I. Rumiati, Francesco Foroni, Giulio Pergola, Paola Rossi, and Maria Caterina Silveri

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Impact of diet composition on blood glucose regulation, Wendy R. Russell, Athanasia Baka, Inger Bjorck, Nathalie Delzenne, Dan Gao, Helen R. Griffiths, Ellie Hadjilucas, Kristiina Juvonen, Sampo Lahtinen, Mirian Lansink, Luc van Loon, Hannu Mykkanen, Elin Ostman, Gabrielle Riccardi, Sophie Vinoy, and Martin O. Weickert

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Coronary artery disease is a predictor of progression to dialysis in patients with chronic kidney disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and anemia: An analysis of the trial to reduce cardiovascular events with aranesp therapy (TREAT), Marwa A. Sabe, Brian Claggett, Emmanuel A. Burdmann, Akshay S. Desai, Peter Ivanovich, Reshma Kewalramani, Eldrin F. Lewis, John J.V. McMurray, Kurt A. Olson, Patrick Parfrey, Scott D. Solomon, and Marc A. Pfeffer

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Medtalk: A basic bi-lingual medical communication handbook, Sivalal Sadasivan, Carole Chung, Carina Ka Yee Chan, and Abdullah Muhaimin Bin Amran

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Use of science to guide city planning policy and practice: How to achieve healthy and sustainable future cities, James F. Sallis, Fiona C. Bull, Ricky Burdett, Lawrence D. Frank, Peter Griffiths, Billie Giles-Corti, and Mark Stevenson

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Progress in physical activity over the Olympic quadrennium, James F. Sallis, Fiona C. Bull, Regina Guthold, Gregory W. Heath, Shigeru Inoue, Paul Kelly, Adewale L. Oyeyemi, Lilian G. Perez, Justin Richards, and Pedro C. Hallal

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Physical activity in relation to urban environments in 14 cities worldwide: A cross-sectional study, James F. Sallis, Ester Cerin, Terry L. Conway, Marc A. Adams, Lawrence Frank, Michael Pratt, Deborah Salvo, Jasper Schipperijn, Graham Smith, Kelli Cain, Rachel Davey, Jacqueline Kerr, Poh-Chin Lai, Josef Mitas, Rodrigo Reis, Olga Sarmiento, Grant Schofield, Jens Troelsen, Delfien Van Dyck, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, and Neville Owen

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Liver function tests in patients with acute heart failure and associated outcomes: Insights from ASCEND-HF, Marc D. Samsky, Allison Dunning, Adam D. DeVore, Phillip J. Schulte, Randall C. Starling, W. H. Wilson Tang, Paul W. Armstrong, Justin A. Ezekowitz, Javed Butler, John J. V. McMurray, John R. Teerlink, Adriaan A. Voors, Marco Metra, Robert J. Mentz, Christopher M. O'Connor, Chetan B. Patel, and Adrian F. Hernandez

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Active school transport and fast food intake: Are there racial and ethnic differences?, Emma V. Sanchez-Vaznaugh, Laia Bécares, James F. Sallis, and Brisa Ney Sánchez

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Therapy: New findings on vitamin D3 supplementation and falls-when more is perhaps not better, Kerrie Sanders and Markus J. Seibel

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Reducing smoking reduces suicidality among individuals with psychosis: Complementary outcomes from a Healthy Lifestyles intervention study, Anoop Sankaranarayanan, Vanessa Clark, Amanda Baker, Kerrin Palazzi, Terry J. Lewin, Robyn Richmond, Frances J. Kay-Lambkin, Sacha Filia, David Castle, and Jill M. Willia

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Resolving relaxometry and diffusion properties within the same voxel in the presence of crossing fibres by combining inversion recovery and diffusion-weighted acquisitions, Silvia De Santis, Daniel Barazany, Derek K. Jones, and Yaniv Assaf

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Efficacy and safety of novel oral anticoagulants in patients with atrial fibrillation and heart failure: A meta-analysis, Gianluigi Savarese, Robert P. Giugliano, Giuseppe M.C. Rosano, John McMurray, Giulia Magnani, Gerasimos S. Filippatos, Santo Dellegrottaglie, Lars H. Lund, Bruno Trimarco, and Pasquale Perrone-Filardi

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Experiences of nurse practitioners and medical practitioners working in collaborative practice models in primary healthcare in Australia - A multiple case study using mixed methods, Verena Ingrid Schadewaldt, Elizabeth Catherine McInnes, Janet Esther Hiller, and Pamela Anne Gardner

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Antenatal psychosocial risk status and Australian women's use of primary care and specialist mental health services in the year after birth: A prospective study, Virginia Schmied, Rachel Langdon, Stephen Matthey, L. Kemp, Marie-Paule Austin, and Maree Johnson

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Increasing the amount of usual rehabilitation improves activity after stroke: a systematic review, Emma J. Schneider, Natasha A. Lannin, Louise Ada, and Julia Schmidt

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Australian children's independent mobility levels: secondary analyses of cross-sectional data between 1991 and 2012, Stephanie Schoeppe, Paul Tranter, Mitch J. Duncan, Carey Curtis, Alison Carver, and Karen Malone

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Altered stress-induced regulation of genes in monocytes in adults with a history of childhood adversity, Marion Schwaiger, Marianna Grinberg, Dirk Moser, Johannes C.S. Zang, Markus Heinrichs, Jan G. Hengstler, Jörg Rahnenführer, Steve Cole, and Robert Kumsta

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A PTSD symptoms trajectory mediates between exposure levels and emotional support in police responders to 9/11: a growth curve analysis, Ralf Schwarzer, James E. Cone, Jiehui Li, and Rosemarie M. Bowler

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Training monitoring for resistance exercise: Theory and applications, Brendan R. Scott, Grant M. Duthie, Heidi R. Thornton, and Ben J. Dascombe

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Public health models for preventing child maltreatment: Applications from the field of injury prevention, Debbie Scott, Bob Lonne, and Daryl Higgins

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Initiating sacubitril/valsartan (LCZ696) in heart failure: Results of TITRATION, a double-blind, randomized comparison of two uptitration regimens, Michele Senni, John J. V. McMurray, Rolf Wachter, Hugh F. McIntyre, Antonio Reyes, Ivan Majercak, Peter Andreka, Nina Shehova-Yankova, Inder S. Anand, Mehmet B. Yilmaz, Harinder Gogia, Manuel Martinez-Selles, Steffen Fischer, Zsolt Zilahi, Franco Cosmi, Valeri Gelev, Enrique Galve, Juanjo J. Gómez-Doblas, Jan Nociar, Maria Radomska, Beata Sokolova, Maurizio Volterrani, Arnab Sarkar, Bernard Reimund, Fabian Chen, and Alan Charney

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Alterations in brain white matter contributing to age-related slowing of task switching performance: The role of radial diffusivity and magnetization transfer ratio, Leen Serbruyns, Inge Leunissen, Peter van Ruitenbeek, Lisa Pauwels, Karen Caeyenberghs, Elena Solesio-Jofre, Monique Geurts, Koen Cuypers, Raf L. Meesen, Stefan Sunaert, Alexander Leemans, and Stephen P. Swinnen

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Effects of lifestyle intervention on left ventricular regional myocardial function in metabolic syndrome patients from the RESOLVE randomized trial, Juan Serrano-Ferrer, Edward Crendal, Guillaume Walther, Agnes Vinet, Frederic Dutheil, Geraldine Ann Naughton, Bruno Lesourd, Robert Chapier, Daniel Courteix, and Philippe Obert

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Exercise prescription for the older population: The interactions between physical activity, sedentary time, and adequate nutrition in maintaining musculoskeletal health, Brandon J. Shad, Gareth Wallis, Luc J.C. Van Loon, and Janice L. Thompson

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Enhancing physical function in HIV-infected older adults: A randomized controlled clinical trial, Krupa N. Shah, Zahraa Majeed, Yilmaz B. Yoruk, Hongmei Yang, Tiffany N. Hilton, James M. McMahon, William J. Hall, Donna Walck, Amneris E. Luque, and Richard Michael Ryan

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Dietary protein intake and risk of type 2 diabetes: Results from the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study and a meta-analysis of prospective studies, Xianwen Shang, David Scott, Allison M. Hodge, Dallas R. English, Graham G. Giles, Peter R. Ebeling, and Kerrie M. Sanders

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Resting heart rate predicts incident myocardial infarction, atrial fibrillation, ischaemic stroke and death in the general population: The Tromsø Study, Ekaterina Sharashova, Tom Wilsgaard, Ellisiv Bøgeberg Mathiesen, Maja-Lisa Løchen, Inger Njølstad, and Tormod Brenn

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Changes in the supplementation practices of elite Australian swimmers over 11 years, Gregory Shaw, Gary Slater, and Louise M. Burke

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Supplement use of elite Australian swimmers, Gregory Shaw, Gary Slater, and Louise Mary Burke