The Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research aims to identify critical gaps within community and healthcare services, with an explicit goal to improve health outcomes (and a focus on vulnerable groups) via innovative individual, community and health service-focused programs.

The Nursing Research Institute undertakes multidisciplinary clinical and health services research that is focused on improving patient outcomes and health systems with a particular emphasis on implementation science research, that is the study of how to implement evidence based care. This research spans systematic reviews, trials, surveys, mixed-methods and qualitative research which a focus on:

  • Acute & Chronic Care
  • Stroke Care
  • Pressure Injury Prevention
  • Models of care

The Institute for Health and Ageing (IHA) is a multidisciplinary, Melbourne-based research institute focussing on both the positive and problematic aspects of ageing.

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Submissions from 2016

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Baby Steps - An online program promoting the well-being of new mothers and fathers: A study protocol, Kyra Hamilton, David Kavanagh, Jennifer Connolly, Leigh Margaret Davis, Jane Fisher, Kim Halford, Leanne Hides, Jeanette Milgrom, Heather Rowe, Davina Sanders, Paul A. Scuffman, Dian Tjondronegoro, Anne Walsh, Katherine M. White, and Anja Wittkowski

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The home literacy environment as a predictor of the early literacy development of children at family-risk of dyslexia, Lorna G. Hamilton, Marianna E. Hayiou-Thomas, Charles Hulme, and Margaret J. Snowling

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Expression of protocadherin gamma in skeletal muscle tissue is associated with age and muscle weakness, Roland W. J. Hangelbroek, Parastoo Fazelzadeh, Michael Tieland, Mark V. Boekschoten, Guido J. E. J. Hooiveld, John P. M. van Duynhoven, James A. Timmons, Lex B. Verdijk, Lisette C. P. G. M. de Groot, Luc Van Loon, and Michael Müller

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No effect of multivitamin supplementation on central blood pressure in healthy older people: A randomized controlled trial, Elizabeth Valentine Harris, Renee Rowsell, Andrew Pipingas, and Helen Macpherson

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Multidisciplinary team care arrangements in the management of patients with chronic disease in Australian general practice, Mark F. Harris, Upali W. Jayasinghe, Jane R. Taggart, Bettina Christl, Judith G. Proudfoot, Patrick Austin Crookes, Justin J. Beilby, and Gawaine Powell Davies

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FRAX predicts incident falls in elderly men: findings from MrOs Sweden, Nicholas C. Harvey, Helena Johansson, Anders Oden, Magnus Karlsson, Björn E. Rosengren, Östen Ljunggren, Cyrus Cooper, Eugene V. McCloskey, John A. Kanis, C. Ohlsson, and Dan Mellström

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Effect of affordable technology on physical activity levels and mobility outcomes in rehabilitation: A protocol for the Activity and MObility UsiNg Technology (AMOUNT) rehabilitation trial, Leanne Hassett, Maayken van den Berg, Richard I. Lindley, Maria Crotty, Annie McCluskey, Hidde P. van der Ploeg, Stuart T. Smith, Karl Schurr, Maggie Killington, Bert Bongers, Kirsten Howard, Stephane Heritier, Leanne Togher, Maree Hackett, Daniel Treacy, Simone Lise Dorsch, Siobhan Wong, Katharine Scrivener, Sakina Chagpar, Heather Weber, Ross Pearson, and Catherine Sherrington

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Severity of renal impairment in patients with heart failure and atrial fibrillation: implications for non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant dose adjustment, Nathaniel M. Hawkins, Pardeep S. Jhund, Andrea Pozzi, Eileen O'Meara, Scott D. Solomon, Christopher B. Granger, Salim Yusuf, Marc A. Pfeffer, Karl Swedberg, Mark C. Petrie, Sean A. Virani, and John J. V. McMurray

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Metabolism: One step forward for exercise, John Alan Hawley and Anna Krook

Testosterone levels are predictors of multistage fitness test performance in young male and female hockey athletes, Ian Heazlewood, Alanna Martin, Liam Johnson, Isabelle Yoke Yien Lys, and Cecilia M. Kitic

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Is a reduction in albuminuria associated with renal and cardiovascular protection? A post hoc analysis of the ALTITUDE trial, Hiddo J. L. Heerspink, T. Ninomiya, Frederik Persson, Barry M. Brenner, Patrick Brunel, Nish Chaturvedi, A. S. Desai, S. M. Haffner, John J. V. McMurray, S. D. Solomon, M. A. Pfeffer, Hans-Henrik Parving, and D. de Zeeuw

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Renal outcomes with aliskiren in patients with type 2 diabetes: A prespecified secondary analysis of the ALTITUDE randomised controlled trial, Hiddo J. L. Heerspink, Frederik Persson, Barry M.D. Brenner, Nish Chaturvedi, Patrick Brunel, John McMurray, Akshay S. Desai, Scott D. Solomon, Marc A. Pfeffer, Hans-Henrik Henrik Parving, and Dick de Zeeuw

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Consensus on an Australian Nurse practitioner specialty framework using Delphi methodology: results from the CLLEVER 2 study, Christopher Helms, Anne Gardner, and Elizabeth McInnes

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The future of mental health nursing education in the United Kingdom: reflections on the Australian and New Zealand experience, Stephen Hemingway, Andrew Clifton, and Karen-Leigh Edward

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Concurrent transcranial direct current stimulation and progressive resistance training in Parkinson's disease: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial, Ashlee M. Hendy, Alex Tillman, Timo Rantalainen, Makii Muthalib, Liam Johnson, Dawson J. Kidgell, Daniel Wundersitz, Peter G. Enticott, and Wei-Peng Teo

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A case-control study of risk factors for death from 2009 pandemic influenza A(H1N1): Is American Indian racial status an independent risk factor?, T. W. Hennessy, D. Bruden, L. Castrodale, K. Komatsu, L. M. Erhart, David Thompson, K. Bradley, D. R. O'Leary, J. McLaughlin, M. Landen, Steve Bentley, James Keck, Sassa Kitka, Gail Thompson, Donna Fearey, Diana Redwood, Jessica Craig, Ellen Provost, Keisha Robinson, Rhonda Noble, Laurence Burnsed, Kendra Dougherty, Anthony Lee, Christie McDonald-Hamm, Laura Smithee, Jean Williams, Reginald McClinton, Annie Tran, John Redd, James Cheek, Ralph Bryan, Michael Jhung, Nato Tarkhashvili, Richard Danila, Richard Leman, Eden Wells, Kathy Lofy, and Tracy Miller

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Changes in multifidus and abdominal muscle size in to response microgravity: Possible implications for low back pain research, Julie Anne Hides, Gunda Lambrecht, Warren Robert Stanton, and Volker Damann

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Association between altered motor control of trunk muscles and head and neck injuries in elite footballers - An exploratory study, Julie Anne Hides, Marianne Dilani Mendis, Melinda M. Franettovich Smith, Tanja Miokovic, Andrew John Cooper, and Nancy Low Choy

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The effect of low back pain on trunk muscle size/ function and hip strength in elite football (soccer) players, Julie Anne Hides, Tim Oostenbroek, Melinda M. Franettovich Smith, and Marianne Dilani Mendis

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A global view of pulmonary hypertension, Marius Hoeper, Marc Humbert, Rogerio Souza, Majdy Idrees, Steven M. Kawut, Karen Sliwa-Hahnle, Zhi-Cheng Jing, and J. Simon Gibbs

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Non-hip and non-vertebral fractures: the neglected fracture sites, Kara Holloway, Margaret Henry, Sharon Brennan-Olsen, Gosia Bucki-Smith, Geoffrey Charles Nicholson, S. Korn, Kerrie Sanders, Julie Pasco, and Mark Kotowicz

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Anxiety Disorders and falls among older adults, Kara L. Holloway, L. J. Williams, Sharon L. Brennan-Olsen, Amelia G. Morse, Mark A. Kotowicz, Geoffrey Charles Nicholson, and Julie A. Pasco

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Physical activity performed in the evening increases the overnight muscle protein synthetic response to presleep protein ingestion in older men, Andrew M. Holwerda, Imre W. K. Kouw, Jorn Trommelen, Shona L. Halson, Will K. W. H. Wodzig, Lex B. Verdijk, and Luc J. C. van Loon

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Body position modulates gastric emptying and affects the post-prandial rise in plasma amino acid concentrations following protein ingestion in humans, Andrew M. Holwerda, Kaatje Lenaerts, Jörgen Bierau, and Luc J.C. van Loon

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The effect of nitrate supplementation on muscle contraction in healthy adults, Matthew W. Hoon, Che Fornusek, Phillip Grant Chapman, and Nathan A. Johnson

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Is cancer cachexia attributed to impairments in basal or postprandial muscle protein metabolism?, Astrid M.H. Horstman, Steven W. Olde Damink, Annemie M. W. J. Schols, and Luc J.C. Van Loon

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Effect of time and body position on ventilation in premature infants, Judith Leigh Hough, Anthony Paul Trojman, and Andreas Schibler

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Associations of Low-and High-Intensity Light Activity with Cardiometabolic Biomarkers, Patrick Howard, Kylie Smith, Fabienne Else, and Ellie Crookes

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A systematic review and narrative summary of family-based smoking cessation interventions to help adults quit smoking, Gill Hubbard, Trish Gorley, Gozde Ozakinci, Rob Polson, and Liz Forbat

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School-based brief psycho-educational intervention to raise adolescent cancer awareness and address barriers to medical help-seeking about cancer: A cluster randomised controlled trial, Gill Hubbard, Iona Stoddart, Liz Forbat, Richard D. Neal, Ronan E. O'Carroll, Sally Haw, Petra Rauchhaus, and Richard G. Kyle

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Assessing stability in mild and moderate Parkinson's disease: Can clinical measures provide insight?, Ryan P. Hubble, Peter A. Silburn, Geraldine Ann Naughton, and Michael Hugh Cole

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The acute:chronic workload ratio predicts injury: high chronic workload may decrease injury risk in elite rugby league players, Billy T. Hulin, Timothy James Gabbett, Daniel W. Lawson, Peter Caputi, and John Andrew Sampson

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Reading disorders and dyslexia, Charles Hulme and Margaret J. Snowling

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Tactical combat movements: inter-individual variation in performance due to the effects of load carriage, Andrew P. Hunt, Paul J. Tofari, Daniel C. Billing, and Aaron J. Silk

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Using intervention mapping to develop a theory-driven, group-based complex intervention to support self-management of osteoarthritis and low back pain (SOLAS), D. A. Hurley, Laura Currie Murphy, David Hayes, A. M. Hall, E. Toomey, S. M. McDonough, Christopher Sean Lonsdale, Nicola Walsh, S. Guerin, and James Matthews

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Theory-driven group-based complex intervention to support self-management of osteoarthritis and low back pain in primary care physiotherapy: Protocol for a cluster randomised controlled feasibility trial (SOLAS), Deidre A. Hurley, Amanda M. Hall, Laura Currie-Murphy, Tamar Pincus, Steve J. Kamper, Chris Maher, Suzanne M. McDonough, Chris Lonsdale, Nicola E. Walsh, Suzanne Guerin, Ricardo Segurado, and James Matthews

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Is belief in God Related to differences in adolescents' psychological functioning?, Lee M. Huuskes, Patrick Charles Lionel Heaven, Joseph Ciarrochi, Phillip David Parker, and Nerina Caltabiano

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Burden of diarrhea in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990-2013: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013, Khalil Ibrahim, Danny V. Colombara, Mohammad Hossein Forouzanfar, Christopher Troeger, Farah Daoud, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Puja C. Rao, Ashkan Afshin, Raghid Charara, Kalkidan Hassen Abate, Mohammed Magdy Abd El Razek, Foad Abd-Allah, Remon Abu-Elyazeed, Aliasghar Ahmad Kiadaliri, Ali Shafqat Akanda, Nadia Akseer, Khurshid Alam, Deena Alasfoor, Raghib Ali, Mohammad A. Al Mazroa, Mahmoud A. Alomari, Rajaa Mohammad Salem Al-Raddadi, Ubai Alsharif, Shirina Alsowaidi, Khalid A. Altirkawi, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Walid Ammar, Carl Abelardo T. Antonio, Hamid Asayesh, Rana Jawad Asghar, Suleman Atique, Ashish Awasthi, Umar Bacha, Alaa Badawi, Aleksandra Barac, Neeraj Bedi, Tolesa Bekele, Isabela M. Bensenor, Balem Demtsu Betsu, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Aref A. Bin Abdulhak, Zahid A. Butt, Hadi Danawi, Manisha Dubey, Aman Yesuf Endries, Imad D. A. Faghmous, Talha Farid, Maryam S. Farvid, Farshad Farzadfar, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Florian Fischer, Joseph Robert Anderson Fitchett, Katherine B. Gibney, Ibrahim Abdelmageem Mohamed Ginawi, Melkamu Dedefo Gishu, Harish Chander Gugnani, Rahul Gupta, Gessessew Bugssa Hailu, Randah Ribhi Hamadeh, Samer Hamidi, Hilda L. Harb, Mohammad T. Hedayati, Mohamed Hsairi, Abdullatif Husseini, Nader Jahanmehr, Mehdi Javanbakht, Tariku Jibat, Jost B. Jonas, Amir Kasaeian, Yousef Saleh Khader, Abdur Rahman Khan, Ejaz Ahmad Khan, Gulfaraz Khan, Tawfik Ahmed Muthafer Khoja, Yohannes Kinfu, Niranjan Kissoon, Ai Koyanagi, Aparna Lal, Asma Abdul Abdul Latif, Raimundas Lunevicius, Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek, Azeem Majeed, Reza Malekzadeh, Alem Mehari, Alemayehu B. Mekonnen, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Ziad A. Memish, Walter Mendoza, Awoke Misganaw, Layla Abdalla Ibrahim Mohamed, Jean B. Nachega, Quyen Le Nguyen, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Emmanuel Kwame Peprah, James A. Platts-Mills, Farshad Pourmalek, Mostafa Qorbani, Anwar Rafay, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Sajjad Ur Rahman, Rajesh Kumar Rai, Saleem M. Rana, Chhabi L. Ranabhat, Sowmya R. Rao, Amany H. Refaat, Mark Riddle, Gholamreza Roshandel, George Mugambage Ruhago, Muhammad Muhammad Saleh, Juan R. Sanabria, Monika Sawhney, Sadaf G. Sepanlou, Tesfaye Setegn, Karen Sliwa, Chandrashekhar T. Sreeramareddy, Bryan L. Sykes, Mohammad Tavakkoli, Bemnet Amare Tedla, Abdullah S. Terkawi, Kingsley Ukwaja, Olalekan A. Uthman, Ronny Westerman, Mamo Wubshet, Muluken A. Yenesew, Naohiro Yonemoto, Mustafa Z. Younis, Zoubida Zaidi, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Abdullah A. Al Rabeeah, Haidong Wang, Mohsen Naghavi, Theo Vos, Alan D. Lopez, Christopher J. L. Murray, and Ali H. Mokdad

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General versus spinal anaesthesia and postoperative delirium in an orthogeriatric population, Sivarajah Ilango, Ranjeev Chrys Pulle, Jack J. Bell, and Suzanne Shanelle Kuys

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A descriptive study of the participation of children and adolescents in activities outside school, Christine Imms, Elspeth Heather Froude, Brooke Adair, and Nora Shields

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Participation: both a means and an end. A conceptual analysis of processes and outcomes in childhood disability, Christine Imms, Mats Granlund, Peter Wilson, Bert Steenbergen, Peter Rosenbaum, and Andrew M. Gordon

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Leisure participation-preference congruence of children with cerebral palsy in Canada and Australia: A CAPE International Network descriptive study, Christine Imms, Gillian King, Annette Majnemer, Lisa Avery, Lisa Chiarello, Margo Orlin, and Mary Law

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Optimising leisure participation: a pilot intervention study for adolescents with physical impairments, Christine Imms, Sarah Mathews, Kelli Nicola Richmond, Mary Law, and Anna Ullenhag

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Minimising impariment: Protocol for a multicentre randomised controlled trial of upper limb orthoses for children with cerebral palsy, Christine Imms, Margaret Wallen, Catherine Elliott, Brian Hoare, Melinda Joy Randall, Susan Greaves, Brooke Adair, Elizabeth Bradshaw, Rob Carter, Francesca Orsini, Sophy T. F. Shih, and Dinah S. Reddihough

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Predictors and correlates of re-incarceration among Australian young people in custody, Devon Indig, Amie Frewen, and Elizabeth Moore

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Perceptions about traditional and novel methods to learn about postoperative pain management: A qualitative study, Brynja Ingadottir, Katrin Blondal, Tiny Jaarsma, and Ingela Thylen

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Undiagnosed hypertension in a rural district in Bangladesh: The Bangladesh Population-based Diabetes and Eye Study (BPDES), Fakir M.A. Islam, A. Bhuiyan, R. Chakrabarti, Muhammad Aziz Rahman, Y. Kanagasingam, and Janet Esther Hiller

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Prescription opioid analgesics for pain management in Australia: 20 years of dispensing, M. M. Islam, I. S. McRae, S. Mazumdar, Stephanie Taplin, and R. McKetin

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Parents experience of undertaking an intensive Cognitive Orientation to daily Occupational Performance (CO-OP) group for children with cerebral palsy, Michelle Jackman, Iona Novak, Natasha Lannin, and Elspeth Heather Froude

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Consumer perspectives on gambling harm minimisation measures in an Australian jurisdiction, Alun C. Jackson, Darren R. Christensen, Kate Louise Francis, and Nicki A. Dowling

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The incremental prognostic and clinical value of multiple novel biomarkers in heart failure, Colette E. Jackson, Caroline Haig, Paul Welsh, Jonathan R. Dalzell, Ioannis K. Tsorlalis, Alex McConnachie, David Preiss, Stefan D. Anker, Naveed Sattar, Mark C. Petrie, Roy S. Gardner, and John J. V. McMurray

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A systematic review of the effect of telephone, internet or combined support for carers of people living with Alzheimer's, vascular or mixed dementia in the community, David Andrew Jackson, Gail Roberts, Min Lin Wu, Rosemary Ford, and Colleen Joy Doyle

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Spirituality, spiritual need, and spiritual care in aged care: What the literature says, David Jackson, Colleen Joy Doyle, Hannah Capon, and Elizabeth Pringle

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Decision pattern analysis as a general framework for studying individual differences in decision making, Simon A. Jackson, Sabina Kleitman, Lazar Stankov, and Pauline Howie

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Online Science Modules for Transition to University in Health Sciences, Santhamma James, Genevieve Margaret Morris, and Belinda Martinac

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A survey of acute care clinicians views on factors influencing hand hygiene practice and actions to improve hand hygiene compliance, Asmara Jammali-Blasi, Elizabeth Catherine McInnes, and Sandra Jane Middleton

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A survey of acute care clinicians views on factors influencing hand hygiene practice and actions to improve hand hygiene compliance, Asmara Jammali-Blasi, Elizabeth McInnes, and Sandy Middleton

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Breastfeeding duration and authoritative feeding practices in first-time mothers, Elena Jansen, Kimberley Margaret Mallan, Rebecca Byrne, Lynne A. Daniels, and Jan M. Nicholson

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Private schooling, educational transitions, and early labour market outcomes: Evidence from three Anglophone countries, John Jerrim, Phillip D. Parker, Anna K. Chmielewski, and Jake Anders

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Adjunctive selective estrogen receptor modulator increases neural activity in the hippocampus and inferior frontal gyrus during emotional face recognition in schizophrenia, Ellen Ji, Cynthia S. Weickert, Rhoshel Lenroot, J. Kindler, Ashley J. Skilleter, Ans Vercammen, Christopher White, R. E. Gur, and Thomas W. Weickert

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Fluid restriction in patients with heart failure: How should we think?, Peter Johansson, Martje H. L. van der Wal, Anna Stromberg, Nana Waldreus, and Tiny Jaarsma

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Effectiveness of a school-based mindfulness program for transdiagnostic prevention in young adolescents, Catherine Johnson, Christine Burke, Sally Brinkman, and Tracey Wade

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Identifying educator behaviours for high quality verbal feedback in health professions education: Literature review and expert refinement, Christina E. Johnson, Jennifer L. Keating, David J. Boud, Megan Dalton, Debra Kiegaldie, Margaret Hay, Barry McGrath, Wendy A. McKenzie, Kichu Balakrishnan R. Nair, Debra Nestel, Claire Palermo, and Elizabeth K. Molloy

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An acute bout of exercise improves the cognitive performance of older adults, Liam Johnson, Patricia K. Addamo, Isaac Selva Raj, Erika Borkoles, Victoria Wyckelsma, Elizabeth V. Cyarto, and Remco C. Polman

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Light physical activity is positively associated with cognitive performance in older community dwelling adults, Liam G. Johnson, Michael Lloyd Butson, Remco C. Polman, Isaac S. Raj, Erika Borkoles, David Scott, Dawn Aitken, and Graeme Jones

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Reducing patient clinical management errors using structured content and electronic nursing handover, Maree Johnson, Paula Sanchez, and Catherine Zheng

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The impact of an integrated nursing handover system on nurses' satisfaction and work practices, Maree Johnson, Paula Sanchez, and Catherine Zheng

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A men's workplace health intervention: Results of the POWERPLAY program pilot study, Steven T. Johnson, Sean M. Stolp, Cherisse L. Seaton, Paul Sharp, Cristina M. Caperchione, Joan L. Bottorff, John L. Oliffe, Margaret Jones-Bricker, Sonia Lamont, Kerensa Medhurst, Sally Errey, and Theresa Healy

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Does playing a sports active video game improve young children's ball skill competence?, Tara M. Johnson, Nicola D. Ridgers, Ryan M. Hulteen, Robin R. Mellecker, and Lisa M. Barnett

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Normalising and planning for death in residential care: Findings from a qualitative focus group study of a specialist palliative care intervention, Nikki Johnston, Clare Lovell, Wai-Man Liu, Michael Chapman, and Liz Forbat

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Lost in translation: A focus group study of parents' and adolescents' interpretations of underage drinking and parental supply, Sandra Jones, Kelly Andrews, and Nina J. Berry

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Alcohol-branded merchandise ownership and drinking, Sandra C. Jones

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Alcohol-branded merchandise ownership and drinking, Sandra C. Jones

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Alcohol-branded merchandise: Association with Australian adolescents' drinking and parent attitudes, Sandra C. Jones, Kelly Andrews, and Peter Caputi

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Alcohol-branded merchandise: association with Australian adolescents’ drinking and parent attitudes, Sandra C. Jones, Kelly Andrews, and Peter Caputi

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Smokescreens and beer goggles: How alcohol industry CSM protects the industry, Sandra C. Jones, Austin Wyatt, and Mike Daube

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What is 'binge drinking'? Perceptions of Australian adolescents and adults, and implications for mass media campaigns, Sandra Jones, Chloe S. Gordon, and Kelly Andrews

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Association between young Australian's drinking behaviours and their interactions with alcohol brands on Facebook: Results of an online survey, Sandra Jones, Laura Robinson, Lance Barrie, Kate Louise Francis, and Jeong Kyu Lee

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What are effective program characteristics of self-management interventions in patientswith heart failure? An individual patient data meta-analysis, Nini H. Jonkman, Heleen Westland, Rolf H. H. Groenwold, Susanna Agren, Manuel Anguita, Lynda Blue, Pieta W. Bruggink-Andre de la Porte, Darren A. DeWalt, Paul L. Hebert, Michele Heisler, Tiny Jaarsma, Gertrudis I. J. M. Kempen, Marcia E. Leventhal, Dirk J. A. Lok, Jan Martensson, Javier Muniz, Haruka Otsu, Frank Peters-Klimm, Michael W. Rich, Barbara Riegel, Anna Stromberg, Ross T. Tsuyuki, Jaap C. A. Trappenburg, Marieke J. Schuurmans, and Arno W. Hoes

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Nitrate-rich vegetables increase plasma nitrate and nitrite concentrations and lower blood pressure in healthy adults, Kristin L. Jonvik, Jean Nyakayiru, Philippe J. M. Pinckaers, Joan M. G. Senden, Luc J. C. van Loon, and Lex B. Verdijk

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Habitual Dietary Nitrate Intake in Highly Trained Athletes, Kristin L. Jonvik, Jean Nyakayiru, Jan Willem van Dijk, Floris C. Wardenaar, Lucas Van Loon, and Lex B. Verdijk

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Gaze and visual search strategies of children with Asperger syndrome/high functioning autism viewing a magic trick, Annette Joosten, Sonya Girdler, Matthew A. Albrecht, Chiara Horlin, Marita Falkmer, Denise Leung, Anna Ordqvist, Håkan Fleischer, and Torbjorn Falkmer

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Early changes in achilles tendon behaviour in vivo following downhill backwards walking, Corey William Joseph, Elizabeth Jane Bradshaw, Trentham Phillip Furness, Justin Guy Kemp, and Ross Allan Clark

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Quality of life, resource use, and costs related to hip fracture in Estonia, Mikk Jurisson, Heti Pisarev, John Kanis, F. Borgstrom, A. Svedbom, R. Kallikorm, M. Lember, and A. Uusküla

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Methods of assessing associated reactions of the upper limb in stroke and traumatic brain injury: A systematic review, Michelle B. Kahn, Benjamin F. Mentiplay, Ross Allan Clark, Kelly J. Bower, and Gavin Williams

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Longitudinal evidence linking processing speed to the development of reasoning, Robert V. Kail, Arne Lervag, and Charles Hulme

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Are commitment profiles stable and predictable? A latent transition analysis, Chester Kam, Alexandre J. S. Morin, John P. Meyer, and Laryssa Topolnytsky

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SIGN Guidelines for Scotland: BMD Versus FRAX Versus QFracture, John A. Kanis, Juliet Compston, Cyrus Cooper, Nicholas C. Harvey, Helena Johansson, Anders Oden, and Eugene V. McCloskey

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A systematic review of intervention thresholds based on FRAX: A report prepared for the National Osteoporosis Guideline Group and the International Osteoporosis Foundation, John A. Kanis, Nicholas C. Harvey, Cyrus Cooper, Helena Johansson, Anders Oden, Eugene V. McCloskey, and The Advisory Board of the National Osteoporosis Guideline Group

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Oxytocin receptor gene polymorphism modulates the effects of social support on heart rate variability, Magdalena K. Kanthak, Frances S. Chen, Robert Kumsta, LaBarron K. Hill, Julian F. Thayer, and Markus Heinrichs

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Attachment style and less severe forms of sexual coercion: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Gery C. Karantzas, Marita Patricia McCabe, Kellie M. Karantzas, Bengianni Pizzirani, Hilary Campbell, and Ellie R. Mullins

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How do patients' values influence heart failure self-care decision-making?: A mixed-methods systematic review, Mehri Karimi and Alexander Michael Clark

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Recontextualizing dance skills: Overcoming impediments to motor learning and expressivity in ballet dancers, Janet Karin

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Hospital admission for infection during early childhood influences developmental vulnerabilities at age 5 years, Maina Kariuki, Alessandra Raudino, Melissa J. Green, Kristin R. Laurens, Kimberlie Dean, Sally A. Brinkman, Rhoshel K. Lenroot, Enwu Liu, Felicity Harris, Luming Luo, and Vaughn J. Carr

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Global, regional, and national levels of maternal mortality, 1990-2015: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015, Nicholas J. Kassebaum

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Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 315 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE), 1990-2015: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015, Nicholas J. Kassebaum, Megha Arora, Ryan M. Barber, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Jonathan Brown, Austin Carter, Daniel C. Casey, Fiona J. Charlson, Matthew M. Coates, Megan Coggeshall, Leslie Cornaby, Lalit Dandona, Daniel J. Dicker, Holly E. Erskine, Alize J. Ferrari, Christina Fitzmaurice, Kyle Foreman, Mohammad H. Forouzanfar, Nancy Fullman, Peter W. Gething, Ellen M. Goldberg, Nicholas Graetz, Juanita A. Haagsma, Simon I. Hay, Catherine O. Johnson, Laura Kemmer, Ibrahim A. Khalil, Yohannes Kinfu, Michael J. Kutz, Hmwe H. Kyu, Janni Leung, Xiaofeng Liang, Stephen S. Lim, Rafael Lozano, George A. Mensah, Joe Mikesell, Ali H. Mokdad, Meghan D. Mooney, Mohsen Naghavi, Grant Nguyen, Elaine Nsoesie, David M. Pigott, Christine Pinho, Zane Rankin, Nikolas Reinig, Joshua A. Salomon, Logan Sandar, Alison Smith, Reed J. D. Sorensen, Jeffrey Stanaway, Caitlyn Steiner, Stephanie Teeple, Chris Troeger, Thomas Truelsen, Amelia VanderZanden, Joseph A. Wagner, Valentine Wanga, Harvey A. Whiteford, Maigeng Zhou, Leo Zoeckler, Cassandra E. I. Szoeke, GBD 2015 DALYs, and HALE Collaborators

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Global, regional, and national levels of maternal mortality, 1990-2015: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015, Nicholas J. Kassebaum, Ryan M. Barber, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Lalit Dandona, Peter W. Gething, Simon I. Hay, Yohannes Kinfu, Heidi J. Larson, Xiaofeng Liang, Stephen S. Lim, Alan D. Lopez, Rafael Lozano, George A. Mensah, Ali H. Mokdad, Mohsen Naghavi, Christine Pinho, Joshua A. Salomon, Caitlyn Steiner, Theo Vos, Haidong Wang, Karen Sliwa, Cassandra E. I. Szoeke, and GBD 2015 Maternal Mortality Collaborators

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How effective is an in-hospital heart failure self-care program in a Japanese setting? Lessons from a randomized controlled pilot study, Naoko P. Kato, Koichiro Kinugawa, Miho Sano, Asuka Kogure, Fumika Sakuragi, Kihoko Kobukata, Hiroshi Ohtsu, Sanae Wakita, Tiny Jaarsma, and Keiko Kazuma

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Transcranial Doppler versus transthoracic echocardiography for the detection of patent foramen ovale in patients with cryptogenic cerebral ischemia: A systematic review and diagnostic test accuracy meta-analysis, Aristeidis H. Katsanos, Theodora Psaltopoulou, Theodoros N. Sergentanis, Alexandra Frogoudaki, Agathi Rosa Vrettou, Ignatios Ikonomidis, Ioannis Paraskevaidis, John T. Parissis, Chrysa Bogiatzi, Christina Zompola, John Ellul, Nikos Triantafyllou, Konstantinos Voumvourakis, Athanassios P. Kyritsis, Sotirios Giannopoulos, Anne Alexandrov, Andrei V. Alexandrov, and Georgios Tsivgoulis

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Effect of resistance training on liver fat and visceral adiposity in adults with obesity: A randomized controlled trial, Shelley E. Keating, Daniel A. Hackett, Helen M. Parker, Kimberley L. Way, Helen T. O'Connor, Amanda Sainsbury, Michael K. Baker, Vivienne H. Chuter, Ian D. Caterson, Jacob George, and Nathan A. Johnson