The Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research aims to identify critical gaps within community and healthcare services, with an explicit goal to improve health outcomes (and a focus on vulnerable groups) via innovative individual, community and health service-focused programs.

The Nursing Research Institute undertakes multidisciplinary clinical and health services research that is focused on improving patient outcomes and health systems with a particular emphasis on implementation science research, that is the study of how to implement evidence based care. This research spans systematic reviews, trials, surveys, mixed-methods and qualitative research which a focus on:

  • Acute & Chronic Care
  • Stroke Care
  • Pressure Injury Prevention
  • Models of care

The Institute for Health and Ageing (IHA) is a multidisciplinary, Melbourne-based research institute focussing on both the positive and problematic aspects of ageing.

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Submissions from 2016

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The development of executive function and language skills in the early school years, Debbie Gooch, Paul A. Thompson, Hannah M. Nash, Margaret J. Snowling, and Charles Hulme

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Test-retest reliability and concurrent validity of an fMRI-compatible pneumatic vibrator to stimulate muscle proprioceptors, Nina Goossens, Lotte Janssens, Madelon Pijnenburg, Karen Caeyenberghs, Charlotte Van Rompuy, Paul Meugens, Stefan Sunaert, and Simon Brumagne

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Evaluation of an Australian alcohol media literacy program, Chloe S. Gordon, Steven J. Howard, Sandra Carol Jones, and Lisa K. Kervin

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Empowering students to respond to alcohol advertisements: Results from a pilot study of an Australian media literacy intervention, Chloe S. Gordon, Sandra Carol Jones, Lisa Kervin, and Jeong Kyu Lee

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An open letter to the BMJ editors on qualitative research, Trisha Greenhalgh, Ellen Annandale, Richard Ashcroft, James Barlow, Nick Black, Alan Bleakley, Ruth Boaden, Jeffrey Braithwaite, Nicky Britten, Franco Carnevale, Kath Checkland, Julianne Cheek, Alexander Michael Clark, Simon Cohn, Jack Coulehan, Benjamin Crabtree, Steven Cummins, Frank Davidoff, Huw Davies, Robert Dingwall, Mary Dixon-Woods, Glyn Elwyn, Eivind Engebretsen, Ewan Ferlie, Naomi Fulop, John Gabbay, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Dariusz Galasinski, Ruth Garside, Lucy Gilson, Peter Griffiths, Penelope Hawe, Jan-Kees Helderman, Brian Hodges, David J. Hunter, Margaret Kearney, Celia Kitzinger, Jenny Kitzinger, Ayelet Kuper, Saville Kushner, Andree Le May, France Legare, Lorelei Lingard, Louise Locock, Jill Maben, Mary Ellen Macdonald, Frances Mair, and Russell Mannion

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Increasing insulin availability does not augment postprandial muscle protein synthesis rates in healthy young and older men, Bart B. L. Groen, Astrid M. H. Horstman, Henrike M. Hamer, Michiel de Haan, Janneau van Kranenburg, Jörgen Bierau, Martijn Poeze, Will K. W. H. Wodzig, Blake B. Rasmussen, and Luc J. C. van Loon

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Quality of life outcomes of bariatric surgery: A systematic review, Aleeya Soraya Hachem and Leah Brennan

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Resistance training improves fatigue and quality of life in previously sedentary breast cancer survivors: a randomised controlled trial, Amanda Hagstrom, P. W. Marshall, Christopher Sean Lonsdale, B. S. Cheema, Maria Fiatarone Singh, and Simon Green

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The wisdom to know the difference: Strategy-situation fit in emotion regulation in daily life is associated with well-being, Simon Haines, John Gleeson, Peter Kuppens, Tom Hollenstein, Joseph Ciarrochi, Izelle Labuschagne, Caitlin Claire Grace, and Peter Koval

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Educating emergency department nurses about trauma informed care for people presenting with mental health crisis: A pilot study, Anea Hall, Brian Grant McKenna, Vikki Dearie, Tessa Maguire, Rosemary Charleston, and Trentham Phillip Furness

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The association between anxiety and falls: A meta-analysis, David John Hallford, Geoffrey Charles Nicholson, Kerrie Sanders, and Marita Patricia McCabe

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Exercise, physical activity, and sedentary behavior in the treatment of depression: Broadening the scientific perspectives and clinical opportunities, Mats A. Hallgren, Matthew P. Herring, Neville Owen, David Wayne Dunstan, Örjan Ekblom, Björg Helgadottir, Olivia Aya Nakitanda, and Yvonne Forsell

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Researching effective approaches to cleaning in hospitals: Protocol of the REACH study, a multi-site stepped-wedge randomised trial, Lisa Hall, Alison Farrington, Brett Gerard Mitchell, Adrian G. Barnett, Kate Halton, Michelle Allen, Katie Page, Anne Gardner, Sally Havers, Emily Bailey, Stephanie J. Dancer, Thomas V. Riley, Christian A. Gericke, David L. Paterson, and Nicholas Graves

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The home literacy environment as a predictor of the early literacy development of children at family-risk of dyslexia, Lorna G. Hamilton, Marianna E. Hayiou-Thomas, Charles Hulme, and Margaret J. Snowling

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Expression of protocadherin gamma in skeletal muscle tissue is associated with age and muscle weakness, Roland W. J. Hangelbroek, Parastoo Fazelzadeh, Michael Tieland, Mark V. Boekschoten, Guido J. E. J. Hooiveld, John P. M. van Duynhoven, James A. Timmons, Lex B. Verdijk, Lisette C. P. G. M. de Groot, Luc Van Loon, and Michael Müller

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FRAX predicts incident falls in elderly men: findings from MrOs Sweden, Nicholas C. Harvey, Helena Johansson, Anders Oden, Magnus Karlsson, Björn E. Rosengren, Östen Ljunggren, Cyrus Cooper, Eugene V. McCloskey, John A. Kanis, C. Ohlsson, and Dan Mellström

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Severity of renal impairment in patients with heart failure and atrial fibrillation: implications for non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant dose adjustment, Nathaniel M. Hawkins, Pardeep S. Jhund, Andrea Pozzi, Eileen O'Meara, Scott D. Solomon, Christopher B. Granger, Salim Yusuf, Marc A. Pfeffer, Karl Swedberg, Mark C. Petrie, Sean A. Virani, and John J. V. McMurray

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Metabolism: One step forward for exercise, John Alan Hawley and Anna Krook

Testosterone levels are predictors of multistage fitness test performance in young male and female hockey athletes, Ian Heazlewood, Alanna Martin, Liam Johnson, Isabelle Yoke Yien Lys, and Cecilia M. Kitic

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Is a reduction in albuminuria associated with renal and cardiovascular protection? A post hoc analysis of the ALTITUDE trial, Hiddo J. L. Heerspink, T. Ninomiya, Frederik Persson, Barry M. Brenner, Patrick Brunel, Nish Chaturvedi, A. S. Desai, S. M. Haffner, John J. V. McMurray, S. D. Solomon, M. A. Pfeffer, Hans-Henrik Parving, and D. de Zeeuw

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Consensus on an Australian Nurse practitioner specialty framework using Delphi methodology: results from the CLLEVER 2 study, Christopher Helms, Anne Gardner, and Elizabeth McInnes

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The future of mental health nursing education in the United Kingdom: reflections on the Australian and New Zealand experience, Stephen Hemingway, Andrew Clifton, and Karen-Leigh Edward

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Concurrent transcranial direct current stimulation and progressive resistance training in Parkinson's disease: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial, Ashlee M. Hendy, Alex Tillman, Timo Rantalainen, Makii Muthalib, Liam Johnson, Dawson J. Kidgell, Daniel Wundersitz, Peter G. Enticott, and Wei-Peng Teo

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A case-control study of risk factors for death from 2009 pandemic influenza A(H1N1): Is American Indian racial status an independent risk factor?, T. W. Hennessy, D. Bruden, L. Castrodale, K. Komatsu, L. M. Erhart, David Thompson, K. Bradley, D. R. O'Leary, J. McLaughlin, M. Landen, Steve Bentley, James Keck, Sassa Kitka, Gail Thompson, Donna Fearey, Diana Redwood, Jessica Craig, Ellen Provost, Keisha Robinson, Rhonda Noble, Laurence Burnsed, Kendra Dougherty, Anthony Lee, Christie McDonald-Hamm, Laura Smithee, Jean Williams, Reginald McClinton, Annie Tran, John Redd, James Cheek, Ralph Bryan, Michael Jhung, Nato Tarkhashvili, Richard Danila, Richard Leman, Eden Wells, Kathy Lofy, and Tracy Miller

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Changes in multifidus and abdominal muscle size in to response microgravity: Possible implications for low back pain research, Julie Anne Hides, Gunda Lambrecht, Warren Robert Stanton, and Volker Damann

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The effect of low back pain on trunk muscle size/ function and hip strength in elite football (soccer) players, Julie Anne Hides, Tim Oostenbroek, Melinda M. Franettovich Smith, and Marianne Dilani Mendis

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Non-hip and non-vertebral fractures: the neglected fracture sites, Kara Holloway, Margaret Henry, Sharon Brennan-Olsen, Gosia Bucki-Smith, Geoffrey Charles Nicholson, S. Korn, Kerrie Sanders, Julie Pasco, and Mark Kotowicz

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Physical activity performed in the evening increases the overnight muscle protein synthetic response to presleep protein ingestion in older men, Andrew M. Holwerda, Imre W. K. Kouw, Jorn Trommelen, Shona L. Halson, Will K. W. H. Wodzig, Lex B. Verdijk, and Luc J. C. van Loon

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Associations of Low-and High-Intensity Light Activity with Cardiometabolic Biomarkers, Patrick Howard, Kylie Smith, Fabienne Else, and Ellie Crookes

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School-based brief psycho-educational intervention to raise adolescent cancer awareness and address barriers to medical help-seeking about cancer: A cluster randomised controlled trial, Gill Hubbard, Iona Stoddart, Liz Forbat, Richard D. Neal, Ronan E. O'Carroll, Sally Haw, Petra Rauchhaus, and Richard G. Kyle

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Reading disorders and dyslexia, Charles Hulme and Margaret J. Snowling

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Burden of diarrhea in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990-2013: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013, Khalil Ibrahim, Danny V. Colombara, Mohammad Hossein Forouzanfar, Christopher Troeger, Farah Daoud, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Puja C. Rao, Ashkan Afshin, Raghid Charara, Kalkidan Hassen Abate, Mohammed Magdy Abd El Razek, Foad Abd-Allah, Remon Abu-Elyazeed, Aliasghar Ahmad Kiadaliri, Ali Shafqat Akanda, Nadia Akseer, Khurshid Alam, Deena Alasfoor, Raghib Ali, Mohammad A. Al Mazroa, Mahmoud A. Alomari, Rajaa Mohammad Salem Al-Raddadi, Ubai Alsharif, Shirina Alsowaidi, Khalid A. Altirkawi, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Walid Ammar, Carl Abelardo T. Antonio, Hamid Asayesh, Rana Jawad Asghar, Suleman Atique, Ashish Awasthi, Umar Bacha, Alaa Badawi, Aleksandra Barac, Neeraj Bedi, Tolesa Bekele, Isabela M. Bensenor, Balem Demtsu Betsu, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Aref A. Bin Abdulhak, Zahid A. Butt, Hadi Danawi, Manisha Dubey, Aman Yesuf Endries, Imad D. A. Faghmous, Talha Farid, Maryam S. Farvid, Farshad Farzadfar, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Florian Fischer, Joseph Robert Anderson Fitchett, Katherine B. Gibney, Ibrahim Abdelmageem Mohamed Ginawi, Melkamu Dedefo Gishu, Harish Chander Gugnani, Rahul Gupta, Gessessew Bugssa Hailu, Randah Ribhi Hamadeh, Samer Hamidi, Hilda L. Harb, Mohammad T. Hedayati, Mohamed Hsairi, Abdullatif Husseini, Nader Jahanmehr, Mehdi Javanbakht, Tariku Jibat, Jost B. Jonas, Amir Kasaeian, Yousef Saleh Khader, Abdur Rahman Khan, Ejaz Ahmad Khan, Gulfaraz Khan, Tawfik Ahmed Muthafer Khoja, Yohannes Kinfu, Niranjan Kissoon, Ai Koyanagi, Aparna Lal, Asma Abdul Abdul Latif, Raimundas Lunevicius, Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek, Azeem Majeed, Reza Malekzadeh, Alem Mehari, Alemayehu B. Mekonnen, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Ziad A. Memish, Walter Mendoza, Awoke Misganaw, Layla Abdalla Ibrahim Mohamed, Jean B. Nachega, Quyen Le Nguyen, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Emmanuel Kwame Peprah, James A. Platts-Mills, Farshad Pourmalek, Mostafa Qorbani, Anwar Rafay, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Sajjad Ur Rahman, Rajesh Kumar Rai, Saleem M. Rana, Chhabi L. Ranabhat, Sowmya R. Rao, Amany H. Refaat, Mark Riddle, Gholamreza Roshandel, George Mugambage Ruhago, Muhammad Muhammad Saleh, Juan R. Sanabria, Monika Sawhney, Sadaf G. Sepanlou, Tesfaye Setegn, Karen Sliwa, Chandrashekhar T. Sreeramareddy, Bryan L. Sykes, Mohammad Tavakkoli, Bemnet Amare Tedla, Abdullah S. Terkawi, Kingsley Ukwaja, Olalekan A. Uthman, Ronny Westerman, Mamo Wubshet, Muluken A. Yenesew, Naohiro Yonemoto, Mustafa Z. Younis, Zoubida Zaidi, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Abdullah A. Al Rabeeah, Haidong Wang, Mohsen Naghavi, Theo Vos, Alan D. Lopez, Christopher J. L. Murray, and Ali H. Mokdad

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General versus spinal anaesthesia and postoperative delirium in an orthogeriatric population, Sivarajah Ilango, Ranjeev Chrys Pulle, Jack J. Bell, and Suzanne Shanelle Kuys

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Participation: both a means and an end. A conceptual analysis of processes and outcomes in childhood disability, Christine Imms, Mats Granlund, Peter Wilson, Bert Steenbergen, Peter Rosenbaum, and Andrew M. Gordon

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Leisure participation-preference congruence of children with cerebral palsy in Canada and Australia: A CAPE International Network descriptive study, Christine Imms, Gillian King, Annette Majnemer, Lisa Avery, Lisa Chiarello, Margo Orlin, and Mary Law

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Minimising impariment: Protocol for a multicentre randomised controlled trial of upper limb orthoses for children with cerebral palsy, Christine Imms, Margaret Wallen, Catherine Elliott, Brian Hoare, Melinda Joy Randall, Susan Greaves, Brooke Adair, Elizabeth Bradshaw, Rob Carter, Francesca Orsini, Sophy T. F. Shih, and Dinah S. Reddihough

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Predictors and correlates of re-incarceration among Australian young people in custody, Devon Indig, Amie Frewen, and Elizabeth Moore

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Parents experience of undertaking an intensive Cognitive Orientation to daily Occupational Performance (CO-OP) group for children with cerebral palsy, Michelle Jackman, Iona Novak, Natasha Lannin, and Elspeth Heather Froude

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Consumer perspectives on gambling harm minimisation measures in an Australian jurisdiction, Alun C. Jackson, Darren R. Christensen, Kate Louise Francis, and Nicki A. Dowling

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The incremental prognostic and clinical value of multiple novel biomarkers in heart failure, Colette E. Jackson, Caroline Haig, Paul Welsh, Jonathan R. Dalzell, Ioannis K. Tsorlalis, Alex McConnachie, David Preiss, Stefan D. Anker, Naveed Sattar, Mark C. Petrie, Roy S. Gardner, and John J. V. McMurray

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A systematic review of the effect of telephone, internet or combined support for carers of people living with Alzheimer's, vascular or mixed dementia in the community, David Andrew Jackson, Gail Roberts, Min Lin Wu, Rosemary Ford, and Colleen Joy Doyle

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Spirituality, spiritual need, and spiritual care in aged care: What the literature says, David Jackson, Colleen Joy Doyle, Hannah Capon, and Elizabeth Pringle

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Online Science Modules for Transition to University in Health Sciences, Santhamma James, Genevieve Margaret Morris, and Belinda Martinac

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A survey of acute care clinicians views on factors influencing hand hygiene practice and actions to improve hand hygiene compliance, Asmara Jammali-Blasi, Elizabeth Catherine McInnes, and Sandra Jane Middleton

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A survey of acute care clinicians views on factors influencing hand hygiene practice and actions to improve hand hygiene compliance, Asmara Jammali-Blasi, Elizabeth McInnes, and Sandy Middleton

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Breastfeeding duration and authoritative feeding practices in first-time mothers, Elena Jansen, Kimberley Margaret Mallan, Rebecca Byrne, Lynne A. Daniels, and Jan M. Nicholson

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Adjunctive selective estrogen receptor modulator increases neural activity in the hippocampus and inferior frontal gyrus during emotional face recognition in schizophrenia, Ellen Ji, Cynthia S. Weickert, Rhoshel Lenroot, J. Kindler, Ashley J. Skilleter, Ans Vercammen, Christopher White, R. E. Gur, and Thomas W. Weickert

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Identifying educator behaviours for high quality verbal feedback in health professions education: Literature review and expert refinement, Christina E. Johnson, Jennifer L. Keating, David J. Boud, Megan Dalton, Debra Kiegaldie, Margaret Hay, Barry McGrath, Wendy A. McKenzie, Kichu Balakrishnan R. Nair, Debra Nestel, Claire Palermo, and Elizabeth K. Molloy

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An acute bout of exercise improves the cognitive performance of older adults, Liam Johnson, Patricia K. Addamo, Isaac Selva Raj, Erika Borkoles, Victoria Wyckelsma, Elizabeth V. Cyarto, and Remco C. Polman

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Light physical activity is positively associated with cognitive performance in older community dwelling adults, Liam G. Johnson, Michael Lloyd Butson, Remco C. Polman, Isaac S. Raj, Erika Borkoles, David Scott, Dawn Aitken, and Graeme Jones

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Reducing patient clinical management errors using structured content and electronic nursing handover, Maree Johnson, Paula Sanchez, and Catherine Zheng

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The impact of an integrated nursing handover system on nurses' satisfaction and work practices, Maree Johnson, Paula Sanchez, and Catherine Zheng

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A men's workplace health intervention: Results of the POWERPLAY program pilot study, Steven T. Johnson, Sean M. Stolp, Cherisse L. Seaton, Paul Sharp, Cristina M. Caperchione, Joan L. Bottorff, John L. Oliffe, Margaret Jones-Bricker, Sonia Lamont, Kerensa Medhurst, Sally Errey, and Theresa Healy

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Does playing a sports active video game improve young children's ball skill competence?, Tara M. Johnson, Nicola D. Ridgers, Ryan M. Hulteen, Robin R. Mellecker, and Lisa M. Barnett

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Normalising and planning for death in residential care: Findings from a qualitative focus group study of a specialist palliative care intervention, Nikki Johnston, Clare Lovell, Wai-Man Liu, Michael Chapman, and Liz Forbat

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Lost in translation: A focus group study of parents' and adolescents' interpretations of underage drinking and parental supply, Sandra Jones, Kelly Andrews, and Nina J. Berry

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Alcohol-branded merchandise ownership and drinking, Sandra C. Jones

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Alcohol-branded merchandise: Association with Australian adolescents' drinking and parent attitudes, Sandra Carol Jones, Kelly Andrews, and Peter Caputi

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What is 'binge drinking'? Perceptions of Australian adolescents and adults, and implications for mass media campaigns, Sandra Jones, Chloe S. Gordon, and Kelly Andrews

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Association between young Australian's drinking behaviours and their interactions with alcohol brands on Facebook: Results of an online survey, Sandra Jones, Laura Robinson, Lance Barrie, Kate Louise Francis, and Jeong Kyu Lee

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What are effective program characteristics of self-management interventions in patientswith heart failure? An individual patient data meta-analysis, Nini H. Jonkman, Heleen Westland, Rolf H. H. Groenwold, Susanna Agren, Manuel Anguita, Lynda Blue, Pieta W. Bruggink-Andre de la Porte, Darren A. DeWalt, Paul L. Hebert, Michele Heisler, Tiny Jaarsma, Gertrudis I. J. M. Kempen, Marcia E. Leventhal, Dirk J. A. Lok, Jan Martensson, Javier Muniz, Haruka Otsu, Frank Peters-Klimm, Michael W. Rich, Barbara Riegel, Anna Stromberg, Ross T. Tsuyuki, Jaap C. A. Trappenburg, Marieke J. Schuurmans, and Arno W. Hoes

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Nitrate-rich vegetables increase plasma nitrate and nitrite concentrations and lower blood pressure in healthy adults, Kristin L. Jonvik, Jean Nyakayiru, Philippe J. M. Pinckaers, Joan M. G. Senden, Luc J. C. van Loon, and Lex B. Verdijk

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Habitual Dietary Nitrate Intake in Highly Trained Athletes, Kristin L. Jonvik, Jean Nyakayiru, Jan Willem van Dijk, Floris C. Wardenaar, Lucas Van Loon, and Lex B. Verdijk

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Gaze and visual search strategies of children with Asperger syndrome/high functioning autism viewing a magic trick, Annette Joosten, Sonya Girdler, Matthew A. Albrecht, Chiara Horlin, Marita Falkmer, Denise Leung, Anna Ordqvist, Håkan Fleischer, and Torbjorn Falkmer

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Early changes in achilles tendon behaviour in vivo following downhill backwards walking, Corey William Joseph, Elizabeth Jane Bradshaw, Trentham Phillip Furness, Justin Guy Kemp, and Ross Allan Clark

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Methods of assessing associated reactions of the upper limb in stroke and traumatic brain injury: A systematic review, Michelle B. Kahn, Benjamin F. Mentiplay, Ross Allan Clark, Kelly J. Bower, and Gavin Williams

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Longitudinal evidence linking processing speed to the development of reasoning, Robert V. Kail, Arne Lervag, and Charles Hulme

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SIGN Guidelines for Scotland: BMD Versus FRAX Versus QFracture, John A. Kanis, Juliet Compston, Cyrus Cooper, Nicholas C. Harvey, Helena Johansson, Anders Oden, and Eugene V. McCloskey

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A systematic review of intervention thresholds based on FRAX: A report prepared for the National Osteoporosis Guideline Group and the International Osteoporosis Foundation, John A. Kanis, Nicholas C. Harvey, Cyrus Cooper, Helena Johansson, Anders Oden, Eugene V. McCloskey, and The Advisory Board of the National Osteoporosis Guideline Group

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Oxytocin receptor gene polymorphism modulates the effects of social support on heart rate variability, Magdalena K. Kanthak, Frances S. Chen, Robert Kumsta, LaBarron K. Hill, Julian F. Thayer, and Markus Heinrichs

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How do patients' values influence heart failure self-care decision-making?: A mixed-methods systematic review, Mehri Karimi and Alexander Michael Clark

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Recontextualizing dance skills: Overcoming impediments to motor learning and expressivity in ballet dancers, Janet Karin

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Hospital admission for infection during early childhood influences developmental vulnerabilities at age 5 years, Maina Kariuki, Alessandra Raudino, Melissa J. Green, Kristin R. Laurens, Kimberlie Dean, Sally A. Brinkman, Rhoshel K. Lenroot, Enwu Liu, Felicity Harris, Luming Luo, and Vaughn J. Carr

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Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 315 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE), 1990-2015: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015, Nicholas J. Kassebaum, Megha Arora, Ryan M. Barber, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Jonathan Brown, Austin Carter, Daniel C. Casey, Fiona J. Charlson, Matthew M. Coates, Megan Coggeshall, Leslie Cornaby, Lalit Dandona, Daniel J. Dicker, Holly E. Erskine, Alize J. Ferrari, Christina Fitzmaurice, Kyle Foreman, Mohammad H. Forouzanfar, Nancy Fullman, Peter W. Gething, Ellen M. Goldberg, Nicholas Graetz, Juanita A. Haagsma, Simon I. Hay, Catherine O. Johnson, Laura Kemmer, Ibrahim A. Khalil, Yohannes Kinfu, Michael J. Kutz, Hmwe H. Kyu, Janni Leung, Xiaofeng Liang, Stephen S. Lim, Rafael Lozano, George A. Mensah, Joe Mikesell, Ali H. Mokdad, Meghan D. Mooney, Mohsen Naghavi, Grant Nguyen, Elaine Nsoesie, David M. Pigott, Christine Pinho, Zane Rankin, Nikolas Reinig, Joshua A. Salomon, Logan Sandar, Alison Smith, Reed J. D. Sorensen, Jeffrey Stanaway, Caitlyn Steiner, Stephanie Teeple, Chris Troeger, Thomas Truelsen, Amelia VanderZanden, Joseph A. Wagner, Valentine Wanga, Harvey A. Whiteford, Maigeng Zhou, Leo Zoeckler, Cassandra E. I. Szoeke, GBD 2015 DALYs, and HALE Collaborators

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Global, regional, and national levels of maternal mortality, 1990-2015: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015, Nicholas J. Kassebaum, Ryan M. Barber, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Lalit Dandona, Peter W. Gething, Simon I. Hay, Yohannes Kinfu, Heidi J. Larson, Xiaofeng Liang, Stephen S. Lim, Alan D. Lopez, Rafael Lozano, George A. Mensah, Ali H. Mokdad, Mohsen Naghavi, Christine Pinho, Joshua A. Salomon, Caitlyn Steiner, Theo Vos, Haidong Wang, Karen Sliwa, Cassandra E. I. Szoeke, and GBD 2015 Maternal Mortality Collaborators

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Transcranial Doppler versus transthoracic echocardiography for the detection of patent foramen ovale in patients with cryptogenic cerebral ischemia: A systematic review and diagnostic test accuracy meta-analysis, Aristeidis H. Katsanos, Theodora Psaltopoulou, Theodoros N. Sergentanis, Alexandra Frogoudaki, Agathi Rosa Vrettou, Ignatios Ikonomidis, Ioannis Paraskevaidis, John T. Parissis, Chrysa Bogiatzi, Christina Zompola, John Ellul, Nikos Triantafyllou, Konstantinos Voumvourakis, Athanassios P. Kyritsis, Sotirios Giannopoulos, Anne Alexandrov, Andrei V. Alexandrov, and Georgios Tsivgoulis

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Objectively quantified physical activity and sedentary behavior in predicting visceral adiposity and liver fat, Shelley E. Keating, Helen M. Parker, Toby G. Pavey, Michael Kevin Baker, Ian D. Caterson, Jacob George, and Nathan A. Johnson

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Subgenual cingulum microstructure supports control of emotional conflict, Paul A. Keedwell, Amie N. Doidge, Marcel Meyer, Natalia Lawrence, Andrew D. Lawrence, and Derek K. Jones

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Supports and barriers to implementation of routine clinical assessment for children with cerebral palsy: a mixed-methods study, Claire Kerr, Nora Shields, Lyndsay Quarmby, Karen Roberts, and Christine Imms

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Perceived neighborhood environmental attributes associated with walking and cycling for transport among adult residents of 17 cities in 12 countries: The IPEN study, Jacqueline Kerr, Jennifer A. Emond, Hannah Badland, Rodrigo Reis, Olga Sarmiento, and Jordan Carlson

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mTORC2 and AMPK differentially regulate muscle triglyceride content via Perilipin 3, Maximilian Kleinert, Benjamin L. Parker, Rima Chaudhuri, Daniel J. Fazakerley, Annette Serup, Kristen C. Thomas, James R. Krycer, Lykke Sylow, Andreas M. Fritzen, Nolan John Hoffman, Jacob Jeppesen, Peter Schjerling, Markus A. Ruegg, Bente Kiens, David E. James, and Erik A. Richter

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Screening for language delay: Growth trajectories of language ability in low- and high-performing children, Marianne Klem, Bente Hagtvet, Charles Hulme, and Jan-Eric Gustafsson

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Cardiac Troponin T and i Release after a 30-km Run, Lieke J. J. Klinkenberg, Peter Luyten, Noreen Van Der Linden, Kim Urgel, Daniëlle P. C. Snijders, Christian Knackstedt, Robert Dennert, Bastiaan L. J. H. Kietselaer, Alma M. A. Mingels, Eline P. M. Cardinaels, Frederique E. C. M. Peeters, Jeroen D. E. Van Suijlen, Joop Ten Kate, Elke Marsch, Thomas L. Theelen, Judith C. Sluimer, Kristiaan Wouters, Otto Bekers, Sebastiaan C. A. M. Bekkers, Luc Van Loon, Marja P. Van Dieijen-Visser, and Steven J. R. Meex

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Diurnal rhythm of cardiac troponin: Consequences for the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction, Lieke J. J. Klinkenberg, Karin Wildi, Noreen Van Der Linden, Imre W. K. Kouw, Marijke Niens, Raphael Twerenbold, Maria Rubini Gimenez, Christian Puelacher, Jean Daniel Neuhaus, Petra Hillinger, Thomas Nestelberger, Jasper Boeddinghaus, Karin Grimm, Zaid Sabti, Judith A. P. Bons, Jeroen D. E. Van Suijlen, Frans E. S. Tan, Joop Ten Kate, Otto Bekers, Luc Van Loon, Marja P. Van Dieijen-Visser, Christian Mueller, and Steven J. R. Meex

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Sexual counseling in patients with heart failure: A silent phenomenon: Results from a convergent parallel mixed method study, Nina Kolbe, Christiane Kugler, Wilfried Schnepp, and Tiny Jaarsma

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Sexual counseling in patients with heart failure: A silent phenomenon: Results from a convergent parallel mixed method study, Nina Kolbe, Christiane Kugler, Wilfried Schnepp, and Tiny Jaarsma

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Walkability and walking for transport: Characterizing the built environment using space syntax, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Neville Owen, Ester Cerin, Billie Giles-Corti, and Takemi Sugiyama

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Street network measures and adults' walking for transport: Application of space syntax, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Takemi Sugiyama, Suzanne Mavoa, Karen Villanueva, Hannah Badland, Billie Giles-Corti, and Neville Owen

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Sodium nitrate co-ingestion with protein does not augment postprandial muscle protein synthesis rates in older, type 2 diabetes patients, Imre W. K. Kouw, Naomi M. Cermak, Nicholas A. Burd, Tyler A. Churchward-Venne, Joan M. Senden, Annemie P. Gijsen, and Luc J. C. van Loon

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Emotional inertia is associated with lower well-being when controlling for differences in emotional context, Peter Koval, Stefan Sutterlin, and Peter Kuppens

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The value of telemonitoring and ICT-guided disease management in heart failure: Results from the IN TOUCH study, I. H. Kraai, Arjen E. de Vries, Karin Vermeulen, Vincent M. van Deursen, Martje H. L. van der Wal, Richard M. de Jong, Rene van Dijk, Trijntje Jaarsma, Hans L. Hillege, and Ivonne Lesman

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Energy Expenditure and Cost during Walking after Stroke: A Systematic Review, Sharon Kramer, Liam Johnson, Julie Bernhardt, and Toby Cumming

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Geographic variations in the PARADIGM-HF heart failure trial, Søren L. Kristensen, Felipe Martinez, Pardeep S. Jhund, Juan Luis Arango, Jan Bĕlohlávek, Sergey Boytsov, Walter Cabrera, Efrain Gomez, Albert Alain Hagege, Jun Huang, Songsak Kiatchoosakun, Kee-Sik Kim, Iván Mendoza, Michele Senni, Iain B. Squire, Dragos Vinereanu, Raymond Chiew-Chiew Wong, Jianjian Gong, Martin P. Lefkowitz, Adel R. Rizkala, Jean L. Rouleau, Victor C. Shi, Scott D. Solomon, Karl Swedberg, Michael R. Zile, Milton Packer, and John J. V. McMurray

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Risk related to pre-diabetes mellitus and diabetes mellitus in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction: Insights from prospective comparison of ARNI with ACEI to determine impact on global mortality and morbidity in heart failure trial, Søren L. Kristensen, David Preiss, Pardeep Jhund, Iain Squire, Jose Silva Cardoso, Bela Merkely, Felipe Martinez, Randall C. Starling, Akshay S. Desai, Martin Lefkowitz, Adel R. Rizkala, Jean L. Rouleau, Victor C. Shi, S. D. Solomon, Karl Swedberg, Michael R. Zile, John McMurray, and Milton Packer

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Comparison of field and online observations for measuring land uses using the Microscale Audit of Pedestrian Streetscapes (MAPS), Jonathan M. Kurka, Mark A. Adams, Carrie M. Geremia, Wenfei Zhu, Kelli L. Cain, Terry L. Conway, and James F. Sallis

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Evidence-based policy making: Assessment of the American Heart Association's Strategic Policy Portfolio: A policy statement from the American Heart Association, Darwin R. Labarthe, Larry B. Goldstein, Elliott M. Antman, Donna K. Arnett, Gregg C. Fonarow, Mark J. Alberts, Laura L. Hayman, Amit Khera, James F. Sallis, Stephen R. Daniels, Ralph L. Sacco, Suhui Li, Leighton Ku, Paula M. Lantz, Jennifer G. Robinson, Mark A. Creager, Linda Van Horn, Penny Kris-Etherton, Aruni Bhatnagar, and Laurie P. Whitsel

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Active transportation by transit-dependent and choice riders and potential displacement of leisure physical activity, Ugo Lachapelle, Lawrence D. Frank, James F. Sallis, Brian E. Saelens, and Terry L. Conway

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Erythropoietin does not enhance skeletal muscle protein synthesis following exercise in young and older adults, Séverine Lamon, Evelyn Zacharewicz, Emily Arentson-Lantz, Paul A. Della Gatta, Lobna Ghobrial, Frederico Gerlinger-Romero, Andrew Garnham, Douglas Paddon-Jones, and Aaron P. Russell

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Short message service (SMS) as an educational tool during pregnancy: A literature review, Kim Lamont, Karen Sliwa, Simon Stewart, Melinda Jane Carrington, Sandra Pretorius, Elena Libhaber, Charles S. Wiysonge, Esther F. Adebayo, and Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch

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A 10-year review of a vascular access service for patients receiving hemodialysis: Analysis of procedural modifications and service innovations, John F. Lancashire, Michael Craig Steele, Amy Swinbank, Dianne Du Toit, and Mark J. Jackson