Frewen, A. R, Chew, E., Carter, M., Chunn, J. & Jotanovic, D. (2014). A cross-cultural exploration of parental involvement and child-rearing beliefs in Asian cultures. The Early Years,35(1), 36-49. United Kingdom: Routledge. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/09575146.2014.956294
Parental involvement (PI) and child-rearing beliefs were examined amongst parents whose children attended state-run kindergartens across Singapore. A total of 244 parents completed an online survey consisting of a Child-Rearing Beliefs Scale, a PI Scale, and demographic details. Results indicated respondents were generally low-income earners with high rates of bilingualism. Two-thirds of parents had enrolled their kindergarten children in extra classes, with half of parents indicating that academic achievement was their highest priority. Ethnic differences were noted, with Chinese parents showing less involvement at home and school and less emphasis on the development of creative and practical skills and conforming behaviors than parents from other Asian backgrounds. This effect was independent from the effects of gender, parental education, and income. These results confirm the importance parents place on academic achievement in Singapore, but also, along with, extend prior research to suggest that inter Asian differences exist.
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