Publication Date

2016

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of regular exercise training on insulin sensitivity in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus ( T2DM ) using the pooled data available from randomised controlled trials. In addition, we sought to determine whether short-term periods of physical inactivity diminish the exercise-induced improvement in insulin sensitivity. Eligible trials included exercise interventions that involved ≥3 exercise sessions, and reported a dynamic measurement of insulin sensitivity. There was a significant pooled effect size ( ES ) for the effect of exercise on insulin sensitivity ( ES, –0.588; 95% confidence interval [CI], –0.816 to –0.359; P < 0.001 ). Of the 14 studies included for meta-analyses, nine studies reported the time of data collection from the last exercise bout. There was a significant improvement in insulin sensitivity in favour of exercise versus control between 48 and 72 hours after exercise ( ES, –0.702; 95% CI, –1.392 to –0.012; P=0.046 ); and this persisted when insulin sensitivity was measured more than 72 hours after the last exercise session ( ES, –0.890; 95% CI, –1.675 to –0.105; P=0.026 ). Regular exercise has a significant benefit on insulin sensitivity in adults with T2DM and this may persist beyond 72 hours after the last exercise session.

Document Type

Open Access Journal Article

Access Rights

Open Access

Notes

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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