Li, M., Verdijk, L. B, Sakamoto, K., Ely, B., Van Loon, L. J & Musi, N. (2012). Reduced AMPK-ACC and mTOR signaling in muscle from older men, and effect of resistance exercise. Mechanisms of Ageing and Development,133(2017-12-11), 655-664. Ireland: Elsevier Ireland Ltd.. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mad.2012.09.001
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a key energy-sensitive enzyme that controls numerous metabolic and cellular processes. Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is another energy/nutrientsensitive kinase that controls protein synthesis and cell growth. In this study we determined whether older versus younger men have alterations in the AMPK and mTOR pathways in skeletal muscle, and examined the effect of a long term resistance type exercise training program on these signaling intermediaries. Older men had decreased AMPKa2 activity and lower phosphorylation of AMPK and its downstream signaling substrate acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC). mTOR phosphylation also was reduced in muscle from older men. Exercise training increased AMPKa1 activity in older men, however, AMPKa2 activity, and the phosphorylation of AMPK, ACC and mTOR, were not affected. In conclusion, older men have alterations in the AMPK-ACC and mTOR pathways in muscle. In addition, prolonged resistance type exercise training induces an isoform-selective up regulation of AMPK activity.
Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research
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