Oxidative stress-induced insulin resistance in skeletal muscle cells is ameliorated by gamma-tocopherol treatment
Singh, I., Carey, A. L, Watson, N., Febbraio, M. A & Hawley, JA. (2008). Oxidative stress-induced insulin resistance in skeletal muscle cells is ameliorated by gamma-tocopherol treatment. European Journal of Nutrition,47(7), 387-392. Germany: Springer. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-008-0739-2
Background: Oxidative stress-induced reactive oxygen species are associated with the clinical manifestation of insulin resistance. Evidence suggests that antioxidant treatment may reduce this incidence. Aim of the study: This study determined whether glucose oxidase (GO)-induced insulin resistance in cultured skeletal muscle cells could be ameliorated by pre-treatment with gamma-tocopherol (GT). Methods: Insulin sensitivity in L6 myotubes was assessed by 2-deoxy-D-[3H]-glucose uptake. The phosphorylation of distal insulin signaling proteins Akt and the Akt substrate AS160 were determined by western blot. Results: One hour treatment with 100 mU/ml GO decreased insulin-stimulated glucose uptake (P < 0.001). Pre-treatment with GT either partially (100 µM) or completely (200 µM) restored insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in cells after GO-induced insulin resistance. GO-induced oxidative stress did not impair insulin stimulated phosphorylation of Akt or AS160, but 200 µM GT increased insulin-stimulated phosphorylation of these key signaling proteins (P < 0.05). Conclusions: High-dose (200 µM) GT treatment ameliorated oxidative stress-induced insulin resistance in cultured rat L6 skeletal muscle cells.