Athlete engagement in elite sport: An exploratory investigation of antecedents and consequences
Hodge, K., Lonsdale, C. S & Jackson, SA. (2009). Athlete engagement in elite sport: An exploratory investigation of antecedents and consequences. Sport Psychologist,23(2), 186-202. United States of America: Human Kinetics Publishers Inc.. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1123/tsp.23.2.151
In this exploratory study, we examined hypothesized antecedents (basic psychological needs) and consequences (dispositional flow) of athlete engagement (AE); plus the extent to which AE mediated the relationship between basic needs and flow. Structural equation modeling with a sample of 201 elite Canadian athletes (60.20% female, mean age = 22.92 years) showed that needs satisfaction (particularly competence & autonomy) predicted athlete engagement (30% explained variance); and needs satisfaction and athlete engagement predicted dispositional flow (68% explained variance). AE partially mediated the relationship between needs satisfaction and flow. Practical suggestions are offered for needs-supportive coaching programs designed to increase both AE and flow.
Institute for Positive Psychology and Education