Wise, R. J, Phung, A. L, Labuschagne, I. & Stout, JC. (2015). Differential effects of social stress on laboratory-based decision-making are related to both impulsive personality traits and gender. Cognition and Emotion,29 1475-1485. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2014.989815
Urgency is the tendency to make impulsive decisions under extreme positive or negative emotional states. Stress, gender and impulsive personality traits are all known to influence decision-making, but no studies have examined the interplay of all of these factors. We exposed 78 men and women to a stress or a non-stress condition, and then administered the Balloon Analogue Risk Task. We found that stress effects varied as a function of gender and urgency traits. Under stress, women low in negative urgency and men high in negative urgency made fewer risky decisions. Positive urgency yielded a similar pattern. Thus, decisions under stress depend on a complex interplay between gender and impulsive personality traits. These findings have implications for clinical disorders, such as substance use disorders, in which there are known deficits in decision-making and high levels of impulsive traits.
Access may be restricted.