Struik, L., O'Loughlin, E., Dugas, E., Bottorff, J. & O'Loughlin, J. (2014). Gender differences in reasons to quit smoking among adolescents. Journal of School Nursing,30(4), 303-308. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1177/1059840513497800
It is well established that many adolescents who smoke want to quit, but little is known about why adolescents want to quit and if reasons to quit differ across gender. The objective of this study was to determine if reasons to quit smoking differ in boys and girls. Data on the Adolescent Reasons for Quitting (ARFQ) scale were collected in mailed self-report questionnaires in 2010–2011 from 113 female and 83 male smokers aged 14–19 years participating in AdoQuest, a longitudinal cohort study of the natural course of the co-occurrence of health-compromising behaviors in children. Overall, the findings indicate that reasons to quit in boys and girls appear to be generally similar, although this finding may relate to a lack of gender-oriented items in the ARFQ scale. There is a need for continued research to develop and test reasons to quit scales for adolescents that include gender-oriented items.
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