The Politics of Rewriting History: New History Textbooks and Curriculum Materials in Russia
Zajda, J. & Zajda, R. (2003). The Politics of Rewriting History: New History Textbooks and Curriculum Materials in Russia. International Review of Education, 363-384. Dordrecht,The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
The collapse of communism in Russia in 1991 necessitated, among other things, the rewriting of school history textbooks, which had been dominated by Marxist-Leninist interpretations of historical events. The aim of this article is to evaluate the new postcommunist history taught in upper secondary schools, giving particular attention to how the models for Russian identity presented in the new textbooks redefine legitimate culture for students. Attention will also be given to the multiple perspectives on history that textbooks and other curriculum materials emphasize; these new methods contrast with the grand narrative that dominated the study of history before 1991.